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HiWATER:Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of A’rou shady slope station, 2014)

该数据集包含了2014年1月1日至2014年12月31日黑河水文气象观测网上游阿柔阴坡站气象要素观测数据。站点位于青海省祁连县阿柔乡南侧阴坡,下垫面是高寒草地。观测点的经纬度是100.4108E, 37.9841N,海拔3536m。空气温度、相对湿度传感器架设在5m处,朝向正北;气压计安装在地面上的防撬箱内;翻斗式雨量计安装在10m处;风速与风向传感器架设在10m,朝向正北;四分量辐射仪安装在6m处,朝向正南;两个红外地表温度计安装在6m处,朝向正南,探头朝向是垂直向下;两个光合有效辐射仪安装在6m处,朝向正南,探头垂直向上向下方向各一个;土壤温度探头埋设在地表0cm和地下4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm、160cm处,在距离气象塔2m的正南方;土壤水分探头埋设在地下4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm、160cm处,在距离气象塔2m的正南方;土壤热流板(3块)依次埋设在地下6cm处,在距离气象塔2m的正南方。


观测数据的处理与质量控制:(1)确保每天144个数据(每10min),若出现数据的缺失,则由-6999标示;空气温度在2014.6.24-6.28和2014.7.1-8.24之间由于传感器的问题,数据缺失;地表辐射温度在2014.6.24-7.4之间由于传感器的问题,数据缺失;土壤温度在2014.6.24-7.1之间由于采集器扩展板的问题,数据缺失;由于供电系统出现问题,在2014.12.3-12.31之间数据缺失;(2)剔除有重复记录的时刻;(3)删除了明显超出物理意义或超出仪器量程的数据;(4)数据中以红字标示的部分为有疑问的数据;(5)日期和时间的格式统一,并且日期、时间在同一列。如,时间为:2014-9-10 10:30;(6)命名规则为:AWS+站点名称。

水文气象网或站点信息请参考Li et al. (2013),观测数据处理请参考Liu et al.(2011)。


  1. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Wang WZ, Bai J, Jia Z, Zhu M, Wang JM. A comparison of eddy-covariance and large aperture scintillometer measurements with respect to the energy balance closure problem. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2011, 15(4): 1291-1306. doi:10.5194/hess-15-1291-2011.查看 下载
  2. Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1.查看 下载


  1. Xu ZW, Ma YF, Liu SM, Shi SJ, Wang JM. Assessment of the energy balance closure under advective conditions and its impact using remote sensing data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 2017, 56: 127-140, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0096.1.查看下载
  2. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Song LS, Zhao QY, Ge Y, Xu TR, Ma YF, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhang F. Upscaling evapotranspiration measurements from multi-site to the satellite pixel scale over heterogeneous land surfaces. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, 230-231, 97-113. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.04.008.查看下载
  3. Song LS, Liu SM, Kustas W P, Zhou J, Xu ZW, Xia T, Li MS. Application of remote sensing-based two-source energy balance model for mapping field surface fluxes with composite and component surface temperatures. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.01.005.查看下载
  4. Song LS , Kustas WP, Liu SM, Colaizzi PD, Nieto H, Xu ZW, Ma YF, Li MS, Xu TR, Agam N, Tolk JA, Evett SR. Applications of a thermal-based two-source energy balance model using Priestley-Taylor approach for surface temperature partitioning under advective conditions. Journal of Hydrology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.06.034.查看下载
  5. Zhang Q, Sun R, Jiang GQ, Xu ZW, Liu SM. Carbon and energy flux from a Phragmites australis wetland in Zhangye oasis-desert area, China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.02.019.查看下载
  6. Xu TR, Bateni S.M., Liang SL. Estimating turbulent heat fluxes with a weak-constraint data assimilation scheme: A case study (HiWATER-MUSOEXE). IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (1), 68-72.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2326180查看下载
  7. Wang JM, Zhuang JX, Wang WZ, Liu SM, Xu ZW. Assessment of uncertainties in eddy covariance flux measurement based on intensive flux matrix of HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 259-263. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2334703查看下载
  8. Song LS, Liu SM, Zhang X, Zhou J, Li MS. Estimating and Validating Soil Evaporation and Crop Transpiration During the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 334-338. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2339360查看下载
  9. Qiao C, Sun R, Xu ZW, Zhang L, Liu LY, Hao LY, Jiang GQ. A study of shelterbelt transpiration and cropland evapotranspiration in an irrigated area in the middle reaches of the Heihe River in northwestern China. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing   Letters, 2015, 12(2), 369-373. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2342219查看下载
  10. Zhu ZL, Tan L, Gao SG, Jiao QS. Oberservation on soil moisture of irrigated cropland by cosmic-ray probe. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 472-476.查看下载
  11. Ge Y, Liang YZ, Wang JH, Zhao QY, Liu SM. Upscaling sensible heat fluxes with area-to-area regression kriging.  IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 656-660.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2355871查看下载
  12. Ma YF, Liu SM, Zhang F, Zhou J, Jia ZZ. Estimations of regional surface energy fluxes over heterogeneous oasis-desert surfaces in the middle reaches of the Heihe River during HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 671-675. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2356652查看下载
  13. Bai, J., Jia, L., Liu, S., Xu, Z., Hu, G., Zhu, M., Song, L.. Characterizing the Footprint of Eddy Covariance System and Large Aperture Scintillometer Measurements to Validate Satellite-Based Surface Fluxes. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(5), 943-947. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2368580查看下载
  14. Xu TR, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Liang SL, Xu L. A dual-pass data assimilation scheme for estimating surface fluxes with FY3A-VIRR land surface temperature. Sci. China Earth Sci., 2015, 58(2), 211-230, doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-4964-7.查看下载
  15. Xu T, Liu S, Xu L, Chen Y, Jia Z, Xu Z, Nielson J. Temporal Upscaling and Reconstruction of Thermal Remotely Sensed Instantaneous Evapotranspiration. Remote Sensing. 2015, 7(3):3400-3425. doi:10.3390/rs70303400查看下载
  16. Zhang L, Sun R, Xu ZW, Qiao C, Jiang GQ. Diurnal and Seasonal Variations in Carbon Dioxide Exchange in Ecosystems in the Zhangye Oasis Area, Northwest China. PLoS ONE, 2015, 10(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120660查看下载
  17. Song LS, Liu SM, William Kustas P, Zhou J, Ma YF. Using the Surface Temperature-Albedo Space to Separate Regional Soil and Vegetation Temperatures from ASTER Data. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7(5):5828-5848. doi:10.3390/rs70505828查看下载
  18. Hu MG, Wang JH, Ge Y, Liu MX, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Xu TR. Scaling Flux Tower Observations of Sensible Heat Flux Using Weighted Area-to-Area Regression Kriging, Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1032-1044.查看下载
  19. Zhou J, Li MS, Liu SM, Jia ZZ, Ma YF. Validation and performance evaluations of methods for estimating land surface temperatures from ASTER data in the middle reach of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7, 7126-7156.查看下载
  20. Gao SG, Zhu ZL, Liu SM, Jin R, Yang GC, Tan L. Estimating spatial distribution of soil moisture based on Bayesian maximum entropy method with auxiliary data from remote sensing. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2014, 32, 54-66. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2014.03.003查看下载
  21. Li Y, Sun R, Liu SM. Vegetation Physiological Parameters Setting in the Simple Biosphere Model 2 (SiB2) for alpine meadows in upper reaches of Heihe River. SCIENCE CHINA, 2014,doi:10.1007/s11430-014-4909-1查看下载
  22. Xu ZW, Liu SM, Li X, Shi SJ, Wang JM, Zhu ZL, Xu TR, Wang WZ, Ma MG. Intercomparison of surface energy flux measurement systems used during the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2013,118, 13140-13157, doi:10.1002/2013JD020260.查看下载
  23. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhu MJ. Measurements of evapotranspiration from eddy-covariance systems and large aperture scintillometers in the Hai River Basin, China. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 487, 24-38.查看下载


  1. Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1.查看 | 下载
  2. 李新, 刘绍民, 马明国, 肖青, 柳钦火, 晋锐, 车涛, 王维真, 祁元, 李弘毅, 朱高峰, 郭建文, 冉有华, 闻建光, 王树果. 黑河流域生态-水文过程综合遥感观测联合试验总体设计. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(5): 481-498.查看 | 下载






    1. 2018-06-14 中山大学 邱建秀 用途:验证遥感土壤水分数据
    2. 2018-04-16 天津大学 刘琴 用途:用EC和气象等数据计算实际蒸散发,比较观测值和模型拟合数据,评估模型的适用性。
    3. 2018-04-12 河海大学 郭富雄 用途:“水资源“天-空-陆-水”立体监测多时空尺度信息融合技术”项目是“国家水资源立体监测体系与遥感技术应用”国家重点研发计划课题的一部分,我同孙静静、边增淦是同一项目组成员,由于下载数据较多,所以我们同时进行申请。目前由于课题需要,正在进行黑河流域蒸散发数据的计算,所以需要黑河流域的通量数据进行验证计算,希望工作人员允以通过,谢谢。
    4. 2018-04-11 中国科学院青藏高原研究所 王冠星 用途:博士毕业论文:《祁连山八宝河流域水沙过程变化与输沙量模拟》,导师:张凡研究员
    5. 2018-04-10 华中科技大学水电与数字化工程学院 孙怀卫 用途:区域水文及蒸散发过程分析与BMA方法计算
    6. 2018-03-22 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 李艳 用途:陆面蒸散发遥感估算
    7. 2018-03-15 电子科技大学 马晋 用途:用于遥感地表温度真实性检验
    8. 2018-01-26 南京信息工程大学地理与遥感学院 孙帅 用途:用于陆面模式的驱动数据,验证CLDAS大气驱动下的陆面模式在黑河地区的效果分析
    9. 2018-01-10 北京大学城市与环境学院 尤南山 用途:硕士毕业论文:《黑河流域土地利用/覆被变化和气候变化对GPP的影响》,导师:蒙吉军副教授。 用于GPP模型的校准和验证。
    10. 2017-11-30 北京师范大学 周红敏 用途:用于高空间分辨率地表反照率遥感估算方法验证,该地面测量数据用于算法的直接验证。


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    • 格式:文本
    • 大小:4.99MB
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    • 数据时间范围:2014-01-01 至 2014-12-31
    • 数据共享方式:离线



    • 元数据更新时间:2016-07-03
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