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HiWATER:Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an automatic weather station of Sidaoqiao mixed forest station, 2013)



观测数据的处理与质量控制:(1)确保每天144个数据(每10min),若出现数据的缺失,则由-6999标示;(2)剔除有重复记录的时刻;(3)删除了明显超出物理意义或超出仪器量程的数据;(4)数据中以红字标示的部分为有疑问的数据;(5)日期和时间的格式统一,并且日期、时间在同一列。如,时间为:2013-9-10 10:30;(6)命名规则为:AWS+站点名称。

水文气象网或站点信息请参考Liu et al. (2018),观测数据处理请参考Liu et al.(2011)。


  1. Liu SM, Li X, Xu ZW, Che T, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Liu QH, Jin R, Guo JW, Wang LX, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Li HY, Xu TR, Ran YH, Hu XL, Shi SJ, Zhu ZL, Tan JL, Zhang Y, Ren ZG. The Heihe Integrated Observatory Network: A basin-scale land surface processes observatory in China. Vadose Zone Journal, 2018, 17:180072. doi:10.2136/vzj2018.04.0072查看 下载
  2. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Wang WZ, Bai J, Jia Z, Zhu M, Wang JM. A comparison of eddy-covariance and large aperture scintillometer measurements with respect to the energy balance closure problem. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2011, 15(4): 1291-1306. doi:10.5194/hess-15-1291-2011.查看 下载


  1. Xu ZW, Ma YF, Liu SM, Shi SJ, Wang JM. Assessment of the energy balance closure under advective conditions and its impact using remote sensing data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 2017, 56: 127-140, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0096.1.查看下载
  2. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Song LS, Zhao QY, Ge Y, Xu TR, Ma YF, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhang F. Upscaling evapotranspiration measurements from multi-site to the satellite pixel scale over heterogeneous land surfaces. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, 230-231, 97-113. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.04.008.查看下载
  3. Song LS, Liu SM, Kustas W P, Zhou J, Xu ZW, Xia T, Li MS. Application of remote sensing-based two-source energy balance model for mapping field surface fluxes with composite and component surface temperatures. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.01.005.查看下载
  4. Song LS , Kustas WP, Liu SM, Colaizzi PD, Nieto H, Xu ZW, Ma YF, Li MS, Xu TR, Agam N, Tolk JA, Evett SR. Applications of a thermal-based two-source energy balance model using Priestley-Taylor approach for surface temperature partitioning under advective conditions. Journal of Hydrology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.06.034.查看下载
  5. Zhang Q, Sun R, Jiang GQ, Xu ZW, Liu SM. Carbon and energy flux from a Phragmites australis wetland in Zhangye oasis-desert area, China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.02.019.查看下载
  6. Xu TR, Bateni S.M., Liang SL. Estimating turbulent heat fluxes with a weak-constraint data assimilation scheme: A case study (HiWATER-MUSOEXE). IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (1), 68-72.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2326180查看下载
  7. Wang JM, Zhuang JX, Wang WZ, Liu SM, Xu ZW. Assessment of uncertainties in eddy covariance flux measurement based on intensive flux matrix of HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 259-263. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2334703查看下载
  8. Song LS, Liu SM, Zhang X, Zhou J, Li MS. Estimating and Validating Soil Evaporation and Crop Transpiration During the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 334-338. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2339360查看下载
  9. Qiao C, Sun R, Xu ZW, Zhang L, Liu LY, Hao LY, Jiang GQ. A study of shelterbelt transpiration and cropland evapotranspiration in an irrigated area in the middle reaches of the Heihe River in northwestern China. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing   Letters, 2015, 12(2), 369-373. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2342219查看下载
  10. Zhu ZL, Tan L, Gao SG, Jiao QS. Oberservation on soil moisture of irrigated cropland by cosmic-ray probe. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 472-476.查看下载
  11. Ge Y, Liang YZ, Wang JH, Zhao QY, Liu SM. Upscaling sensible heat fluxes with area-to-area regression kriging.  IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 656-660.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2355871查看下载
  12. Ma YF, Liu SM, Zhang F, Zhou J, Jia ZZ. Estimations of regional surface energy fluxes over heterogeneous oasis-desert surfaces in the middle reaches of the Heihe River during HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 671-675. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2356652查看下载
  13. Bai, J., Jia, L., Liu, S., Xu, Z., Hu, G., Zhu, M., Song, L.. Characterizing the Footprint of Eddy Covariance System and Large Aperture Scintillometer Measurements to Validate Satellite-Based Surface Fluxes. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(5), 943-947. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2368580查看下载
  14. Xu TR, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Liang SL, Xu L. A dual-pass data assimilation scheme for estimating surface fluxes with FY3A-VIRR land surface temperature. Sci. China Earth Sci., 2015, 58(2), 211-230, doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-4964-7.查看下载
  15. Xu T, Liu S, Xu L, Chen Y, Jia Z, Xu Z, Nielson J. Temporal Upscaling and Reconstruction of Thermal Remotely Sensed Instantaneous Evapotranspiration. Remote Sensing. 2015, 7(3):3400-3425. doi:10.3390/rs70303400查看下载
  16. Zhang L, Sun R, Xu ZW, Qiao C, Jiang GQ. Diurnal and Seasonal Variations in Carbon Dioxide Exchange in Ecosystems in the Zhangye Oasis Area, Northwest China. PLoS ONE, 2015, 10(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120660查看下载
  17. Song LS, Liu SM, William Kustas P, Zhou J, Ma YF. Using the Surface Temperature-Albedo Space to Separate Regional Soil and Vegetation Temperatures from ASTER Data. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7(5):5828-5848. doi:10.3390/rs70505828查看下载
  18. Hu MG, Wang JH, Ge Y, Liu MX, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Xu TR. Scaling Flux Tower Observations of Sensible Heat Flux Using Weighted Area-to-Area Regression Kriging. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1032-1044.查看下载
  19. Zhou J, Li MS, Liu SM, Jia ZZ, Ma YF. Validation and performance evaluations of methods for estimating land surface temperatures from ASTER data in the middle reach of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7, 7126-7156.查看下载
  20. Gao SG, Zhu ZL, Liu SM, Jin R, Yang GC, Tan L. Estimating spatial distribution of soil moisture based on Bayesian maximum entropy method with auxiliary data from remote sensing. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2014, 32, 54-66. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2014.03.003查看下载
  21. Li Y, Sun R, Liu SM. Vegetation Physiological Parameters Setting in the Simple Biosphere Model 2 (SiB2) for alpine meadows in upper reaches of Heihe River. SCIENCE CHINA, 2014,doi:10.1007/s11430-014-4909-1查看下载
  22. Xu ZW, Liu SM, Li X, Shi SJ, Wang JM, Zhu ZL, Xu TR, Wang WZ, Ma MG. Intercomparison of surface energy flux measurement systems used during the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2013,118, 13140-13157, doi:10.1002/2013JD020260.查看下载
  23. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhu MJ. Measurements of evapotranspiration from eddy-covariance systems and large aperture scintillometers in the Hai River Basin, China. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 487, 24-38.查看下载


  1. Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1.查看 | 下载
  2. 李新, 刘绍民, 马明国, 肖青, 柳钦火, 晋锐, 车涛, 王维真, 祁元, 李弘毅, 朱高峰, 郭建文, 冉有华, 闻建光, 王树果. 黑河流域生态-水文过程综合遥感观测联合试验总体设计. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(5): 481-498.查看 | 下载






    1. 2019-08-10 西北师范大学 陈蔺鸿 用途:用寒区旱区科学数据中心的数据研究各类气象要素变化对西北地区的冰川和积雪消融的影响;高时间分辨率的四分量辐射仪数据用于验证Himawari8的太阳辐射产品精度,并进一步分析气象要素的变化对卫星观测数据估算太阳辐射精度的影响。
    2. 2019-04-02 四川大学 杜普 用途: 精确评估农田蒸散发可为农业水资源规划和管理提供参考,本项目通过近地面气象数据、农田实测数据,建立基于短期天气预报的智能灌溉管理系统,以期为高效节水灌溉提供技术支撑。
    3. 2019-01-09 北京师范大学 闫宇会 用途:本项目是北京师范大学与内蒙古农业大学合作共同研究的项目,该项目将为黑河下游额济纳旗绿洲区域的生态需水量调度提出实质性建议,为下游地区的水量调度做出重要贡献。现在,本项目需要用彭曼公式计算当地蒸散发量,但缺少当地的气象数据,需要下载2012年到2017年的气象数据来进行计算,完成生态需水量的计算,在进行水量调度。现在时间十分紧急,希望批准数据下载。
    4. 2018-09-25 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院 孟翔晨 用途:用于Landsat系列卫星地表温度产品的验证和尺度效应分析
    5. 2018-07-27 清华大学 张子雄 用途:利用自动气象站与涡动相关仪观测数据研究干旱区潜热通量的变化规律,是“遥感蒸散发模型鲁棒性及其参照干湿限机理研究”课题的后续研究。
    6. 2018-07-11 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室 徐世琴 用途:1. 国家重点研发计划“水资源高效利用开发利用”重点专项(2016YFC0402700):多尺度水文水资源预报预测预警关键技术与应用研究,2016.10-2020.12,余钟波,项目负责人; 2. 研究性论文《蒸发互补相关理论在干旱区的应用》,所申请的涡度数据将于验证蒸发互补理论在干旱区的适用性,并用多个模型对干旱区不同生态系统日尺度的蒸散发进行模拟。导师:余钟波教授。
    7. 2018-06-29 中山大学 邱建秀 用途:验证遥感土壤水分数据
    8. 2018-05-07 河海大学地球科学与工程学院 张铁勤 用途:我的研究方向为蒸散发,主要是对蒸散发已有的模型进行改进,研究的另一个区域是海河流域,需要用到海河流域的数据作为验证数据
    9. 2018-04-16 天津大学 刘琴 用途:用EC和气象等数据计算实际蒸散发,比较观测值和模型拟合数据,评估模型的适用性。
    10. 2018-04-12 河海大学 孙静静 用途:“水资源“天-空-陆-水”立体监测多时空尺度信息融合技术”项目是“国家水资源立体监测体系与遥感技术应用”国家重点研发计划课题的一部分,目前由于课题需要,正在进行黑河流域蒸散发数据的计算,所以需要黑河流域的气象数据进行潜在蒸散发的验证计算,希望工作人员允以通过,谢谢。最近下载的数据有点多,但是下载的数据都是用于黑河蒸散发特征的研究,希望以后能对黑河的水资源管理提供参考,谢谢您。


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    • 格式:文本
    • 大小:7.7MB
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    • 数据时间范围:2013-07-12 至 2013-12-31
    • 数据共享方式:离线



    • 元数据更新时间:2019-03-02
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