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HiWATER:Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Sidaoqiao Superstation, 2017)

该数据集包含了2017年1月1日至2017年12月31日黑河水文气象观测网下游四道桥超级站气象要素梯度观测系统数据。站点位于内蒙古额济纳旗达来呼布镇四道桥,下垫面是柽柳。观测点的经纬度是101.1374E, 42.0012N,海拔873m。空气温度、相对湿度、风速传感器分别架设在5m、7m、10m、15m、20m、28m处,共6层,朝向正北;风向传感器架设在15m处,朝向正北;气压计安装在防水箱内;翻斗式雨量计安装在28m处;四分量辐射仪安装在10m处,朝向正南;两个红外温度计安装在10m处,朝向正南,探头朝向是垂直向下;两个光合有效辐射仪安装在10m处,朝向正南,探头垂直向上和向下方向各一个;土壤部分传感器安装在塔体南侧2m处,其中土壤热流板(自校正式)(3块)依次埋设在地下6cm处;平均土壤温度传感器TCAV埋设在地下2cm、4cm处;土壤温度探头埋设在地表0cm和地下2cm、4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm、160cm和200cm处;土壤水分传感器分别埋设在地下2cm、4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm、160cm和200cm处。


观测数据的处理与质量控制:(1)确保每天144个数据(每10min),若出现数据的缺失,则由-6999标示;(2)剔除有重复记录的时刻;(3)删除了明显超出物理意义或超出仪器量程的数据;(4)数据中以红字标示的部分为有疑问的数据;(5)日期和时间的格式统一,并且日期、时间在同一列。如,时间为:2017-9-10 10:30;(6)命名规则为:AWS+站点名称。

水文气象网或站点信息请参考Li et al. (2013),观测数据处理请参考Liu et al. (2011)。


  1. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Wang WZ, Bai J, Jia Z, Zhu M, Wang JM. A comparison of eddy-covariance and large aperture scintillometer measurements with respect to the energy balance closure problem. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2011, 15(4): 1291-1306. doi:10.5194/hess-15-1291-2011.查看 下载
  2. Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1.查看 下载


  1. Xu ZW, Ma YF, Liu SM, Shi SJ, Wang JM. Assessment of the energy balance closure under advective conditions and its impact using remote sensing data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 2017, 56: 127-140, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0096.1.查看下载
  2. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Song LS, Zhao QY, Ge Y, Xu TR, Ma YF, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhang F. Upscaling evapotranspiration measurements from multi-site to the satellite pixel scale over heterogeneous land surfaces. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, 230-231, 97-113. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.04.008.查看下载
  3. Song LS, Liu SM, Kustas W P, Zhou J, Xu ZW, Xia T, Li MS. Application of remote sensing-based two-source energy balance model for mapping field surface fluxes with composite and component surface temperatures. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.01.005.查看下载
  4. Song LS , Kustas WP, Liu SM, Colaizzi PD, Nieto H, Xu ZW, Ma YF, Li MS, Xu TR, Agam N, Tolk JA, Evett SR. Applications of a thermal-based two-source energy balance model using Priestley-Taylor approach for surface temperature partitioning under advective conditions. Journal of Hydrology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.06.034.查看下载
  5. Zhang Q, Sun R, Jiang GQ, Xu ZW, Liu SM. Carbon and energy flux from a Phragmites australis wetland in Zhangye oasis-desert area, China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.02.019.查看下载
  6. Xu TR, Bateni S.M., Liang SL. Estimating turbulent heat fluxes with a weak-constraint data assimilation scheme: A case study (HiWATER-MUSOEXE). IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (1), 68-72.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2326180查看下载
  7. Wang JM, Zhuang JX, Wang WZ, Liu SM, Xu ZW. Assessment of uncertainties in eddy covariance flux measurement based on intensive flux matrix of HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 259-263. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2334703查看下载
  8. Song LS, Liu SM, Zhang X, Zhou J, Li MS. Estimating and Validating Soil Evaporation and Crop Transpiration During the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 334-338. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2339360查看下载
  9. Qiao C, Sun R, Xu ZW, Zhang L, Liu LY, Hao LY, Jiang GQ. A study of shelterbelt transpiration and cropland evapotranspiration in an irrigated area in the middle reaches of the Heihe River in northwestern China. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing   Letters, 2015, 12(2), 369-373. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2342219查看下载
  10. Zhu ZL, Tan L, Gao SG, Jiao QS. Oberservation on soil moisture of irrigated cropland by cosmic-ray probe. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 472-476.查看下载
  11. Ge Y, Liang YZ, Wang JH, Zhao QY, Liu SM. Upscaling sensible heat fluxes with area-to-area regression kriging.  IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 656-660.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2355871查看下载
  12. Ma YF, Liu SM, Zhang F, Zhou J, Jia ZZ. Estimations of regional surface energy fluxes over heterogeneous oasis-desert surfaces in the middle reaches of the Heihe River during HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 671-675. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2356652查看下载
  13. Bai, J., Jia, L., Liu, S., Xu, Z., Hu, G., Zhu, M., Song, L.. Characterizing the Footprint of Eddy Covariance System and Large Aperture Scintillometer Measurements to Validate Satellite-Based Surface Fluxes. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(5), 943-947. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2368580查看下载
  14. Xu TR, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Liang SL, Xu L. A dual-pass data assimilation scheme for estimating surface fluxes with FY3A-VIRR land surface temperature. Sci. China Earth Sci., 2015, 58(2), 211-230, doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-4964-7.查看下载
  15. Xu T, Liu S, Xu L, Chen Y, Jia Z, Xu Z, Nielson J. Temporal Upscaling and Reconstruction of Thermal Remotely Sensed Instantaneous Evapotranspiration. Remote Sensing. 2015, 7(3):3400-3425. doi:10.3390/rs70303400查看下载
  16. Zhang L, Sun R, Xu ZW, Qiao C, Jiang GQ. Diurnal and Seasonal Variations in Carbon Dioxide Exchange in Ecosystems in the Zhangye Oasis Area, Northwest China. PLoS ONE, 2015, 10(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120660查看下载
  17. Song LS, Liu SM, William Kustas P, Zhou J, Ma YF. Using the Surface Temperature-Albedo Space to Separate Regional Soil and Vegetation Temperatures from ASTER Data. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7(5):5828-5848. doi:10.3390/rs70505828查看下载
  18. Hu MG, Wang JH, Ge Y, Liu MX, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Xu TR. Scaling Flux Tower Observations of Sensible Heat Flux Using Weighted Area-to-Area Regression Kriging, Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1032-1044.查看下载
  19. Zhou J, Li MS, Liu SM, Jia ZZ, Ma YF. Validation and performance evaluations of methods for estimating land surface temperatures from ASTER data in the middle reach of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7, 7126-7156.查看下载
  20. Gao SG, Zhu ZL, Liu SM, Jin R, Yang GC, Tan L. Estimating spatial distribution of soil moisture based on Bayesian maximum entropy method with auxiliary data from remote sensing. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2014, 32, 54-66. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2014.03.003查看下载
  21. Li Y, Sun R, Liu SM. Vegetation Physiological Parameters Setting in the Simple Biosphere Model 2 (SiB2) for alpine meadows in upper reaches of Heihe River. SCIENCE CHINA, 2014,doi:10.1007/s11430-014-4909-1查看下载
  22. Xu ZW, Liu SM, Li X, Shi SJ, Wang JM, Zhu ZL, Xu TR, Wang WZ, Ma MG. Intercomparison of surface energy flux measurement systems used during the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2013,118, 13140-13157, doi:10.1002/2013JD020260.查看下载
  23. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhu MJ. Measurements of evapotranspiration from eddy-covariance systems and large aperture scintillometers in the Hai River Basin, China. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 487, 24-38.查看下载


  1. Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1.查看 | 下载
  2. 李新, 刘绍民, 马明国, 肖青, 柳钦火, 晋锐, 车涛, 王维真, 祁元, 李弘毅, 朱高峰, 郭建文, 冉有华, 闻建光, 王树果. 黑河流域生态-水文过程综合遥感观测联合试验总体设计. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(5): 481-498.查看 | 下载







    1. 2018-11-19 河海大学 江渊 用途:“水资源“天-空-陆-水”立体监测多时空尺度信息融合技术”项目是“国家水资源立体检测体系与遥感技术应用”国家重点研发计划课题的一部分,目前由于课题需要,正在进行黑河流域蒸散发,土壤水分遥感产品的降尺度数据计算,所以需要黑河流域的气象站数据进行验证,希望工作人员能允以通过,谢谢 。
    2. 2018-10-31 北京师范大学地理科学学部资源学院 杨崇曜 用途:用于撰写硕士论文《黑河流域典型生态系统土壤水分动态变化特征》
    3. 2018-10-23 河海大学地球科学与工程学院 张铁勤 用途:我的研究方向为蒸散发,主要是对蒸散发已有的模型进行改进,研究的另一个区域是海河流域,需要用到海河流域的数据作为验证数据
    4. 2018-10-10 河海大学 孙静静 用途:“水资源“天-空-陆-水”立体监测多时空尺度信息融合技术”项目是“国家水资源立体监测体系与遥感技术应用”国家重点研发计划课题的一部分,目前由于课题需要,正在进行黑河与海河流域蒸散发数据的计算,所以需要黑河与海河流域的气象数据进行潜在蒸散发的验证计算,看到了有最新的2017年数据,希望工作人员允以通过,谢谢您。
    5. 2018-09-27 北京林业大学 宁立新 用途:本项目负责人希望能够借助此数据寻找到一定的规律,并做进一步研究。
    6. 2018-09-26 寒旱所遥感室 曹永攀 用途:土壤水分估算与同化研究
    7. 2018-09-19 中科院寒旱所 谭俊磊 用途:数据验证
    8. 2018-09-18 清华大学 张子雄 用途:利用气象数据辅助研究干旱半干旱区潜热通量的变化规律,是“遥感蒸散发模型鲁棒性及其参照干湿限机理研究”课题的后续研究。
    9. 2018-09-11 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院 孟翔晨 用途:用于Landsat系列卫星地表温度产品的验证和尺度效应分析
    10. 2018-09-07 中山大学 邱建秀 用途:验证遥感土壤水分数据


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    • 数据时间范围:2017-01-01 至 2017-12-31
    • 数据共享方式:离线



    • 元数据更新时间:2018-08-05
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