The vegetation map at the 1:4,000,000 of China (1979)

This dataset: Editor-in-Chief: Hou Xueyu

Drawing: Hou Xueyu, Sun Shizhou, Zhang Jingwei, He Miaoguang. Wang Yifeng, Kong Dezhen, Wang Shaoqing

Publishing: Map Press

Issue: Xinhua Bookstore

Year: 1979

Scale: 1: 4,000,000

It took five years to complete from May 1972 to July 1976. In the process of drawing legends and mapping, referring to the vast majority of vegetation survey data (including maps and texts) after 1949 in China, we held more than a dozen mapping seminars involving researchers from inside and outside the institute. During the layout after the mapping work was completed, many new survey data were added, especially vegetation data in western Tibet.

The nature of this map basically belongs to the current vegetation map, including two parts of natural vegetation and agricultural vegetation. The legend of natural vegetation is arranged according to the seven vegetation groups. They are mainly divided according to the appearance of plant communities and certain ecological characteristics. The concept of agricultural vegetation community, like the natural vegetation community, also has a certain life form (appearance, structure, layer), species composition and a certain ecological location.

In 1990, the State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Systems of the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences completed the digitization of this map, and wrote relevant data description documents. The digitized data also adopt equal product cone projection and can be converted into other projections by GIS software.

This data includes a vector file in e00 format, a Chinese vegetation coding design description, a dataset description, a vegetation data layer attribute data table, and a scanned "People's Republic of China Vegetation Map-Brief Description" and other files.

Data projection:

Projection: Albers

false_easting: 0.000000

false_northing: 0.000000

central_meridian: 110.000000

standard_parallel_1: 25.000000

standard_parallel_2: 47.000000

latitude_of_origin: 0.000000

Linear Unit: Meter (1.000000)

Geographic Coordinate System: Unknown

Angular Unit: Degree (0.017453292519943299)

Prime Meridian: Greenwich (0.000000000000000000)

Datum: D_Unknown

Spheroid: Clarke_1866

Semimajor Axis: 6378206.400000000400000000

Semiminor Axis: 6356583.799999999800000000

Inverse Flattening: 294.978698213901000000

Data file naming and use method

SHP format storage

Required Data Citation View Data Cite Help About Data Citation
Cite as:

HOU Xueyu, SUN Shizhou, ZHANG Jingwei, HE Miaoguang, WANG Yifeng, KONG Dezhen, WANG Shaoqing. The vegetation map at the 1:4,000,000 of China (1979). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, 2012. doi: 10.11888/Ecolo.tpdc.270623. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.

References literature

1.Luo, C., Zheng, Z., Tarasov, P., Pan, A., Huang, K., Beaudouin, C, An, F. (2009). Characteristics of the modern pollen distribution and their relationship to vegetation in the Xinjiang region, northwestern China[J]. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 153(3–4), 282–295. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2008.08.007 (View Details )

2.Peng, J., Liu, Z.H., Liu, Y.H., Wu, J.S., Han, Y.N. (2012). Trend analysis of vegetation dynamics in Qinghai–Tibet Plateau using Hurst Exponent. Ecological Indicators, 14(1), 28-39. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.08.011 (View Details )

3.Luo, C.X., Zheng, Z., Tarasov, P., Nakagawa, T., Pan, A.D, Xu, Q.H, Lu, H.Y., Huang, K.Y. (2010). A potential of pollen-based climate reconstruction using a modern pollen–climate dataset from arid northern and western China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 160(3–4), 111-125. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2010.01.003 (View Details )

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Example of acknowledgement statement is included below: The data set is provided by National Tibetan Plateau Data Center (

License: This work is licensed under an Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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Geographic coverage
East: 135.50 West: 73.20
South: 17.80 North: 53.90
  • File size: 80 MB
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Contact Information
: HOU Xueyu, SUN Shizhou, ZHANG Jingwei, HE Miaoguang, WANG Yifeng, KONG Dezhen, WANG Shaoqing  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center


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