Monthly dataset of ERA-Interim based on pressure levels from 1979 to 2018 released from ECMWF

This dataset is derived from the global atmospheric reanalysis dataset, ERA-Interim, based on the 4-dimensional variational analysis (4D-Var) released by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF).

ERA-Interim represents a major undertaking by ECMWF (European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) to produce a reanalysis with an improved atmospheric model and assimilation system which replaces those used in ERA-40, particularly for the data-rich 1990s and 2000s, and to be continued as an ECMWF Climate Data Assimilation System (ECDAS) until superseded by a new reanalysis.

Through systematic increases in computing power, 4-dimensional variational assimilation (4D-Var) became feasible and part of ECMWF operations since 1997. Enhanced computing power also allowed horizontal resolution to be increased from T159 to T255, and the latest Integrated Forecasting System(IFS CY31r1 and CY31r2) to be used, taking advantage of improved model physics.

ERA-interim retains the same 60 model levels used for ERA-40 with the highest level being 0.1 hPa. Besides, data assimilation of ERA-Interim also benefits from quality control that draws on experience from ERA-40 and JRA-25, variational bias correction of satellite radiance data, and more extensive use of radiances with an improved fast radiative transfer model.

In addition, ERA-Interim uses the new ERS (European Remote Sensing Satellite) altimeter wave heights, EUMETSAT (European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) reprocessed winds and clear-sky radiances, GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) ozone data from the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, and CHAMP (CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload), GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment), and COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate) GPS radio occultation measurements processed and archived by UCAR (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research).

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Cite as:

DENG Chuangwu. Monthly dataset of ERA-Interim based on pressure levels from 1979 to 2018 released from ECMWF. National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, 2019. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

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Support Program

Pan-Third Pole Environment Study for a Green Silk Road-A CAS Strategic Priority A Program (No:XDA20000000)

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Example of acknowledgement statement is included below: The data set is provided by National Tibetan Plateau Data Center (

License: This work is licensed under an Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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FTP Download Info

Ftp server:

Ftp username: download_792410

Ftp password: 77699687

The volume of this dataset is bigger than 1 GB. Please use FTP client tools (Filezilla or other else).
Geographic coverage
East: 180.00 West: 180.00
South: 90.00 North: 90.00
  • Temporal resolution: Monthly
  • Spatial resolution: 10km - 100km
  • File size: 54,289 MB
  • Views: 1,444
  • Downloads: 8
  • Access: Open Access
  • Temporal coverage: 1979-01-10 To 2018-07-11
  • Updated time: 2021-04-19
: DENG Chuangwu  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center


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