Vegetation and soil characteristics in different degradation period in three temperate grassland of Inner Mogolia

By means of field survey, sampling and indoor test and analysis, three types of warm grasslands in different degradation stages in Inner Mongolia were systematically collected, namely, the vegetation and soil data of meadow grasslands, typical grasslands and desert grasslands from east to west.Specifically, it includes: coordinate information of sample collection points, sample square table of plant survey, aboveground biomass during the flourishing period of plant growth, organic carbon content of plants, total nitrogen of plants and total potassium of plants;Soil moisture content, soil PH value, soil conductivity, soil inorganic nitrogen content, soil bulk density, soil aggregate proportion, soil organic carbon content, soil total nitrogen, soil total potassium.These data are all standardized test methods, which have certain reference value for the systematic study of Inner Mongolia warm grassland.

0 2020-06-01

The monitoring data of soil temperature about a typical soil profile in Hongnigou catchment (August 2013-May 2014)

1. data description Soil temperature monitoring in typical soil profile of hongnigou is divided into seven layers, with depth distribution of 20cm, 40cm, 60cm, 80cm, 120cm, 160cm and 230cm.The frequency of observation is 1 time /60 minutes.The time range of observation data is from August 25, 2013 to May 1, 2014. 2. Sampling location The soil temperature monitoring point of the typical soil profile in the small basin of cucurbitou was set in the middle and lower part of the red mud ditch, and its geographical coordinates were 99 ° 52 '25.98 "E, 38 ° 15' 36.11" N. 3. Test method Soil Temperature was observed using HOBO Pendant® Temperature/Light Data Logger 64k-ua-002-64 Temperature recorder.

0 2020-06-01

Digital soil mapping dataset of sand content in the Heihe River Basin

According to the global soil map. Net standard, the 0-1m soil depth is divided into 5 layers: 0-5cm, 5-15cm, 15-30cm, 30-60cm and 60-100cm. According to the principle of soil landscape model, the spatial distribution data products of soil sand content in different layers are made by using the digital soil mapping method. The American system classification is used as the standard of soil particle classification. The source data of this data set comes from the soil profile data integrated by the major research plan integration project of Heihe River Basin (soil data integration and soil information product generation of Heihe River Basin, 91325301). Scope: Heihe River Basin; Projection: WGS · 1984 · Albers; Spatial resolution: 100M; Data format: TIFF; Dataset content: hh_sand_layer1.tif: 0-5cm soil sand content; hh_sand_layer2.tif: 5-15cm soil sand content; hh_sand_layer3.tif: 15-30cm soil sand content; hh_sand_layer4.tif: 30-60cm soil sand content; hh_sand_layer5.tif: 60-100cm soil sand content;

0 2020-06-01

Digital soil mapping dataset of silt content in the Heihe River Basin

According to the global soil map. Net standard, the 0-1m soil depth is divided into 5 layers: 0-5cm, 5-15cm, 15-30cm, 30-60cm and 60-100cm. According to the principle of soil landscape model, the spatial distribution data products of soil silt content in different layers are made by using the digital soil mapping method. The American system classification is used as the standard of soil particle classification. The source data of this data set comes from the soil profile data integrated by the major research plan integration project of Heihe River Basin (soil data integration and soil information product generation of Heihe River Basin, 91325301). Scope: Heihe River Basin; Projection: WGS · 1984 · Albers; Spatial resolution: 100M; Data format: TIFF; Dataset content: hh_silt_layer1.tif: 0-5cm soil silt content; hh_silt_layer2.tif: 5-15cm soil silt content; hh_silt_layer3.tif: 15-30cm soil silt content; hh_silt_layer4.tif: 30-60cm soil silt content; hh_silt_layer5.tif:60-100cm soil silt content;

0 2020-06-01

Digital soil mapping dataset of clay content in the Heihe River Basin

According to the global soil map. Net standard, the 0-1m soil depth is divided into 5 layers: 0-5cm, 5-15cm, 15-30cm, 30-60cm and 60-100cm. According to the principle of soil landscape model, the spatial distribution data products of soil clay content in different layers are made by using the digital soil mapping method. The American system classification is used as the standard of soil particle classification. The source data of this data set comes from the soil profile data integrated by the major research plan integration project of Heihe River Basin (soil data integration and soil information product generation of Heihe River Basin, 91325301). Scope: Heihe River Basin; Projection: WGS · 1984 · Albers; Spatial resolution: 100M; Data format: TIFF; Dataset content: hh_clay_layer1.tif: 0-5cm soil clay content; hh_clay_layer2.tif: 5-15cm soil clay content; hh_clay_layer3.tif: 15-30cm soil clay content; hh_clay_layer4.tif: 30-60cm soil clay content; hh_clay_layer5.tif: 60-100cm soil clay content;

0 2020-06-01

Investigation report on soil salinization around Aral Sea

According to the schedule of the project implementation plan and commissioned by the project team management committee, the Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography of the Chinese Academy of Sciences organized a team of 6 people to carry out a field investigation in the Aral Sea from November 15 to November 26 in view of the desertification, salinization and vegetation construction of the surrounding land. The history, current situation, harnessing work, achievements and pressing problems of soil desertification and salinization around the Aral Sea were preliminarily understood. Sampling of vegetation and soil was carried out, and the technical idea to solve the problem was put forward, that is, planting Halophytes in brackish and saline groundwater to realize rapid vegetation construction in saline-alkali land. Through on-the-spot investigation, the investigation group believed that the implementation of vegetation construction in saline-alkali land should mainly focus on halophytes and local tree species. According to the distribution law of local halophytes and the characteristics of main constructive species in saline-alkali land, combined with the climatic conditions of the implementation site, seven halophytes, such as Salt-eared Tree, should be selected for planting demonstration. After the investigation, the investigation group put forward three specific suggestions on vegetation construction in saline-alkali land.

0 2020-06-01

Observation of water and heat flux in alpine meadow ecosystem —automatic weather station of E’bao station (2015-2016)

The data set contains the meteorological element observation data of ebao station in the upper reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016.The station is located in ebao town, qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.9151E, 37.9492N, and the altitude is 3294m.The air temperature and relative humidity sensor is set up at 5m, facing due north.The barometer is installed in the anti-skid box on the ground;The tipping bucket rain gauge is installed at 10m;The wind speed and direction sensor is mounted at 10m, facing due north;The four-component radiometer is installed at 6m, facing due south;Two infrared thermometers are installed at 6m, facing south, with the probe facing vertically downward;The soil temperature probe is buried at the surface of 0cm and underground of 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm, 2m south of the meteorological tower.The soil moisture probe is buried underground at 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm, 2m south of the meteorological tower.The soil heat flow plates (3 pieces) are successively buried 6cm underground, 2m south of the meteorological tower. Observation projects are: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5m, RH_5m) (unit: c, percentage), pressure (Press) (unit: hundred mpa), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), wind speed (WS_10m) (unit: m/s), wind (WD_10m) (unit: degrees), the radiation of four component (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watts per square meter), the surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit:C), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, Gs_3) (unit: wattage/m2), soil temperature (Ts_0cm, Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm) (unit: water content by volume, percentage). Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) 144 data per day (every 10min) should be ensured.The four-component radiation and infrared temperature were between October 11, 2015 and November 5, 2015.The instrument of the observation tower was re-adjusted between 11.1 and 11.5, and the data was missing;(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that obviously exceeds the physical significance or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked with red letters in the data is questionable data;(5) the format of date and time is uniform, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2015-9-10 10:30;(6) naming rules: AWS+ site name. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).

0 2020-06-01

Data of soil organic matter in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (1979-1985)

The data include soil organic matter data of Tibetan Plateau , with a spatial resolution of 1km*1km and a time coverage of 1979-1985.The data source is the soil carbon content generated from the second soil census data.Soil organic matter mainly comes from plants, animals and microbial residues, among which higher plants are the main sources.The organisms that first appeared in the parent material of primitive soils were microorganisms.With the evolution of organisms and the development of soil forming process, animal and plant residues and their secretions become the basic sources of soil organic matter.The data is of great significance for analyzing the ecological environment of Tibetan Plateau

0 2020-05-30

Historical dataset of chemical properties of soil profile in the Balkhash lake area (2010)

Content of data: the chamical property database of seven sites of soil profiles in Balkhash Lake Basin. Source of data: 2010 national science and technology cooperation project: the impact of climate change on land productivity in central Asia and soil investigation in balkhash lake region. Data quality: The soil profile was stratified and sampled according to soil genetics. The analysis and determination items included: organic matter content, soil total nitrogen, carbon-nitrogen ratio, carbonate content, calcium carbonate content, and cation exchange capacity (Ca \ Mg \ Na \ K \ total), pH value, soil available nutrients (available phosphorus, available potassium and alkaline nitrogen) and so on. Data application prospects: With precise coordinates, historical data can be compared. Note: Sample point 1 and sample point 2 are 20 m away; sample point 3 and sample point 4 are 50 m away.

0 2020-05-29

Observation of water and heat flux in alpine meadow ecosystem —automatic weather station of Jingyangling station (2015-2017)

The data set contains the meteorological element observation data of jingyangling station in the upper reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2017.The site is located in pass, jingyangling mountain, qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 101.1160E, 37.8384N and 3750m above sea level.The air temperature and relative humidity sensor is set up at 5m, facing due north.The barometer is installed in the anti-skid box on the ground;The tipping bucket rain gauge is installed at 10m;The wind speed and direction sensor is mounted at 10m, facing due north;The four-component radiometer is installed at 6m, facing due south;Two infrared thermometers are installed at 6m, facing south, with the probe facing vertically downward;The soil temperature probe is buried at the surface of 0cm and underground of 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm, 2m south of the meteorological tower.The soil moisture probe is buried underground at 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm, 2m south of the meteorological tower.The soil heat flow plates (3 pieces) are successively buried 6cm underground, 2m south of the meteorological tower. Observation projects are: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5m, RH_5m) (unit: c, percentage), pressure (Press) (unit: hundred mpa), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), wind speed (WS_10m) (unit: m/s), wind (WD_10m) (unit: degrees), the radiation of four component (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watts per square meter), the surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit:Soil temperature (Ts_0cm, Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm) (unit: percent). Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) 144 data per day (every 10min) should be ensured.(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that obviously exceeds the physical significance or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked with red letters in the data is questionable data;(5) the format of date and time is uniform, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2015-9-10 10:30;(6) naming rules: AWS+ site name. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).

0 2020-05-29