Observation of water and heat flux in alpine meadow ecosystem--automatic weather station of Yakou station(2015-2017)

This data set contains the data of meteorological elements observed in the pass station upstream of heihewen meteorological observation network on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015.The site is located in da dong shu pass, qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.2421E, 38.0142N, and the altitude is 4148m.Data including two observation points, all in pass observatory, located about 10 m, a set of continuous observation in 2015 (30 min output), another set for September 18, 2015 in 10 m high pass new stations (10 min), specific include: air temperature, relative humidity sensors at 5 m, toward the north (two sets of observation, 10 min and 30 min output);The barometer is installed in the skid-proof box on the ground (two groups of observation, 10min and 30min output respectively);The tipping bucket rain gauge is installed at 10m;The wind speed and direction sensor is mounted at 10m, facing due north (two groups, 10min and 30min output respectively).The four-component radiometer consists of two observation points, one is installed at the meteorological tower 6m, facing due south (10min output), and the other is installed on the support 1.5m above the ground (30min output).Two infrared thermometers are installed at 6m, facing south, with the probe facing vertically downward;The soil temperature probe was buried at 0cm on the surface and 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm underground (the two groups were observed for 10min and 30min respectively).The soil moisture probe was buried in the ground at 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm (the two groups were observed for 10min and 30min respectively).The soil heat flow plate was buried 6cm underground (observed in two groups, 10min (3 heat flow plates) and 30min (2 heat flow plates)). Observation projects are: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5m, RH_5m) (unit: c, percentage), pressure (Press) (unit: hundred mpa), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), wind speed (WS_10m) (unit: m/s), wind (WD_10m) (unit: degrees), the radiation of four component (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watts per square meter), the surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit:C), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, Gs_3) (unit: wattage/m2), soil temperature (Ts_0cm, Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm) (unit: water content by volume, percentage). Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) 144 or 48 data per day (every 10min or 30min) should be ensured.The four-component long-wave radiation output of 30min was between January 1, 2015 and January 1, 2015.The observation data was lost between 5.24 and 7.12 after 30min due to the collector problem.(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that obviously exceeds the physical significance or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked with red letters in the data is questionable data;(5) the format of date and time is uniform, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2015-9-10 10:30;(6) naming rules: AWS+ site name. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).

0 2020-05-29

Chemical characteristics of water and soil samples in Lake Balkash basin

The concentration of major ions and their molar ratios are used to identify sources of the solutes and highlight their hydrochemical evolutions in surface waters. In order to analyze the spatial distribution characteristics and further explore the formation reason and environmental significance, major ions were measured in lake and river water samples collected in the Lake Balkash basin. Ca2+ and HCO3− were the dominant ions of river waters, and originated mainly from carbonate weathering. Lakes waters are of the Na-SO4 2− and Na-Cl- type, reflecting persistent, long-term evaporation under an arid climate.

0 2020-05-29

Pan-TPE soil map based on Harmonized World Soil Database (V1.2)

Soil data is important both on a global scale and on a local scale, and due to the lack of reliable soil data, land degradation assessments, environmental impact studies, and sustainable land management interventions have received significant bottlenecks . Affected by the urgent need for soil information data around the world, especially in the context of the Climate Change Convention, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Kyoto Protocol for Soil Carbon Measurement and FAO/International The Global Agroecological Assessment Study (GAEZ v3.0) jointly established the Harmonized World Soil Database version 1.2 (HWSD V1.2). Among them, the data source in China is the second national land in 1995. Investigate 1:1,000,000 soil data provided by Nanjing Soil. The resolution is 30 seconds (about 0.083 degrees, 1km). The soil classification system used is mainly FAO-90. The core soil system unit unique verification identifier: MU_GLOBAL-HWSD database soil mapping unit identifier, connected to the GIS layer. MU_SOURCE1 and MU_SOURCE2 source database drawing unit identifiers SEQ-soil unit sequence in the composition of the soil mapping unit; The soil classification system utilizes the FAO-7 classification system or the FAO-90 classification system (SU_SYM74 resp. SU_SYM90) or FAO-85 (SU_SYM85). The main fields of the soil property sheet include: ID (database ID) MU_GLOBAL (Soil Unit Identifier) ​​(Global) SU_SYMBOL soil drawing unit SU_SYM74 (FAO74 classification); SU_SYM85 (FAO85 classification); SU_SYM90 (name of soil in the FAO90 soil classification system); SU_CODE soil charting unit code SU_CODE74 soil unit name SU_CODE85 soil unit name SU_CODE90 soil unit name DRAINAGE (19.5); REF_DEPTH (soil reference depth); AWC_CLASS(19.5); AWC_CLASS (effective soil water content); PHASE1: Real (soil phase); PHASE2: String (soil phase); ROOTS: String (depth classification to the bottom of the soil); SWR: String (soil moisture content); ADD_PROP: Real (specific soil type in the soil unit related to agricultural use); T_TEXTURE (top soil texture); T_GRAVEL: Real (top gravel volume percentage); (unit: %vol.) T_SAND: Real (top sand content); (unit: % wt.) T_SILT: Real (surface layer sand content); (unit: % wt.) T_CLAY: Real (top clay content); (unit: % wt.) T_USDA_TEX: Real (top layer USDA soil texture classification); (unit: name) T_REF_BULK: Real (top soil bulk density); (unit: kg/dm3.) T_OC: Real (top organic carbon content); (unit: % weight) T_PH_H2O: Real (top pH) (unit: -log(H+)) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the top adhesive layer soil); (unit: cmol/kg) T_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of top soil) (unit: cmol/kg) T_BS: Real (top level basic saturation); (unit: %) T_TEB: Real (top exchangeable base); (unit: cmol/kg) T_CACO3: Real (top carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) T_CASO4: Real (top sulfate content); (unit: % weight) T_ESP: Real (top exchangeable sodium salt); (unit: %) T_ECE: Real (top conductivity). (Unit: dS/m) S_GRAVEL: Real (bottom crushed stone volume percentage); (unit: %vol.) S_SAND: Real (bottom sand content); (unit: % wt.) S_SILT: Real (bottom sludge content); (unit: % wt.) S_CLAY: Real (bottom clay content); (unit: % wt.) S_USDA_TEX: Real (bottom USDA soil texture classification); (unit: name) S_REF_BULK: Real (bottom soil bulk density); (unit: kg/dm3.) S_OC: Real (underlying organic carbon content); (unit: % weight) S_PH_H2O: Real (bottom pH) (unit: -log(H+)) S_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the underlying adhesive layer soil); (unit: cmol/kg) S_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of the bottom soil) (unit: cmol/kg) S_BS: Real (underlying basic saturation); (unit: %) S_TEB: Real (underlying exchangeable base); (unit: cmol/kg) S_CACO3: Real (bottom carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) S_CASO4: Real (bottom sulfate content); (unit: % weight) S_ESP: Real (underlying exchangeable sodium salt); (unit: %) S_ECE: Real (underlying conductivity). (Unit: dS/m) The database is divided into two layers, with the top layer (T) soil thickness (0-30 cm) and the bottom layer (S) soil thickness (30-100 cm). For other attribute values, please refer to the HWSD1.2_documentation documentation.pdf, The Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD V1.2) Viewer-Chinese description and HWSD.mdb.

0 2020-05-29

Dataset of soil texture on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2010)

Soil data are extremely important at both global and local scales, and in the absence of reliable soil data, land degradation assessments, environmental impact studies and sustainable land management interventions are severely hampered。By Soil information data in the urgent need of the World, especially under the background of the convention on climate change, international institute for applied systems analysis (IIASA) and the UN food and agriculture organization (FAO) and the Kyoto protocol on Soil carbon measurement and the United Nations food and agriculture organization (FAO)/international global agriculture ecological assessment (GAEZ v3.0) jointly established under the sponsorship of a new generation of World Soil Database (Harmonized World Soil Database version 1.2) (HWSD V1.2). The 2010 data set of soil texture on the qinghai-tibet plateau was culled from the world soil database.Data format :grid format, projected as WGS84.The main soil classification system used is fao-90.Unique verification identifier of core soil institution unit: Mu_global-hwsd database soil mapping unit identifier that connects GIS layers. MU_SOURCE1 and MU_SOURCE2- source database mapping unit identifiers; SEQ- soil unit sequence in the composition of soil mapping unit; Soil classification system USES fao-7 classification system or fao-90 classification system (SU_SYM74 resp.su_sym90) or fao-85 (SU_SYM85). The main fields of the soil property sheet include: ID(database ID) MU_GLOBAL(soil unit identifier) (global) SU_SYMBOL Soil mapping unit SU_SYM74(FAO74classify ); SU_SYM85(FAO85classify); SU_SYM90(FAO90The soil name in a soil classification system); SU_CODE Soil mapping unit code SU_CODE74 Soil unit name SU_CODE85 Soil unit name SU_CODE90 Soil unit name DRAINAGE(19.5); REF_DEPTH(Soil reference depth); AWC_CLASS(19.5); AWC_CLASS(Soil available water content); PHASE1: Real (The soil phase); PHASE2: String (The soil phase); ROOTS: String (Depth classification of obstacles to the bottom of the soil); SWR: String (Characteristics of soil moisture content); ADD_PROP: Real (A specific soil type in a soil unit that is associated with agricultural use); T_TEXTURE(Topsoil texture); T_GRAVEL: Real (Percentage of aggregate volume on top);( unit:%vol.) T_SAND: Real (Top sand content); ( unit:% wt.) T_SILT: Real (surface silt content);(unit: % wt.) T_CLAY: Real (clay content on top);(unit: % wt.) T_USDA_TEX: Real (top-level USDA soil texture classification);(unit: name) T_REF_BULK: Real (top soil bulk density);(unit: kg/dm3.) T_OC: Real (top organic carbon content);(unit: % weight) T_PH_H2O: Real (top ph) (unit: -log(H+)) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (the cationic exchange capacity of the clay layer at the top);(unit: cmol/kg) T_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of topsoil) (unit: cmol/kg) T_BS: Real (top basic saturation);(unit: %) T_TEB: Real (top exchange base);(unit: cmol/kg) T_CACO3: Real (top carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) T_CASO4: Real (top-level sulfate content);(unit: % weight) T_ESP: Real (top layer exchangeable sodium salt);(unit: %) T_ECE: Real (top-level conductivity).(unit: dS/m) S_GRAVEL: Real (percentage of bottom gravel volume);(unit: % vol.) S_SAND: Real (content of underlying sand);(unit: % wt.) S_SILT: Real (substratum silt content);(unit: % wt.) S_CLAY: Real (clay content in the bottom layer);(unit: % wt.) S_USDA_TEX: Real (USDA underlying soil texture classification);(unit: name) S_REF_BULK: Real (bulk density of underlying soil);(unit: kg/dm3.) S_OC: Real (bottom organic carbon content);(unit: % weight) S_PH_H2O: Real (base ph) (unit: -log(H+)) S_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the underlying cohesive soil);(unit: cmol/kg) S_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of underlying soil) (unit: cmol/kg) S_BS: Real (underlying basic saturation);(unit: %) S_TEB: Real (underlying exchangeable base);(unit: cmol/kg) S_CACO3: Real (content of underlying carbonate or lime) (unit: % weight) S_CASO4: Real (substrate sulfate content);(unit: % weight) S_ESP: Real (underlying exchangeable sodium salt);(unit: %) S_ECE: Real (underlying conductivity).(unit: dS/m) This database is divided into two layers, in which the top layer (T) has a soil thickness of (0-30cm) and the bottom layer (S) has a soil thickness of (30-100cm).。 Refer to the instructions for other attribute values HWSD1.2_documentation.pdf,The Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD V1.2) Viewer-Chinese description andHWSD.mdb。

0 2020-05-29

A China soil characteristics dataset(2010)

A multi-layer soil particle-size distribution dataset (sand, silt and clay content), based on USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) standard for regional land and climate modelling in China. was developed The 1:1,000,000 scale soil map of China and 8595 soil profiles from the Second National Soil Survey served as the starting point for this work. We reclassified the inconsistent soil profiles into the proper soil type of the map as much as possible because the soil classification names of the map units and profiles were not quite the same. The sand, silt and clay maps were derived using the polygon linkage method, which linked soil profiles and map polygons considering the distance between them, the sample sizes of the profiles, and soil classification information. For comparison, a soil type linkage was also generated by linking the map units and soil profiles with the same soil type. The quality of the derived soil fractions was reliable. Overall, the map polygon linkage offered better results than the soil type linkage or the Harmonized World Soil Database. The dataset, with a 1-km resolution, can be applied to land and climate modelling at a regional scale. Data characteristics: projection:projection Coverage: China Resolution: 0.00833 (about 1 km) Data format: FLT, TIFF Value range: 0%-100% Document describing: Floating point raster files include: Sand1. FLT, clay1. FLT -- surface (0-30cm) sand, clay content. Sand2. FLT, clay2. FLT -- content of sand and clay in the bottom layer (30-100cm). PSD. HDR -- header file: Ncols - the number of columns Nrows- rows Xllcorner - latitude in the lower left corner Yllcorner - longitude of the lower left corner Cellsize - cellsize NODATA_value - a null value byteorder - LSBFIRST, Least Significant Bit First TIFF raster files include: Sand1. Tif, clay1. Tif - surface (0-30cm) sand, clay content. Sand2. Tif, clay2. Tif - bottom layer (30-100cm) sand, clay content.

0 2020-05-28

Datasets of key technologies and demonstration for vegetation restoration and reconstruction in desertification land of Amu darya valley(2019)

The Northwest Institute of Ec-Environment and Resources of the Chinese Academy of Sciences organized a team of 9 and 5 people to carry out the research on "key technologies and demonstration for vegetation restoration and reconstruction in desertification land " from the middle and lower reaches of the Amu Darya River basin to the surrounding area of the Aral Sea from April 3, 2019 to April 30, 2019 and from September 16 to 28, 2019, respectively, and investigated the middle and lower reaches of the Amu Darya River basin to the surrounding area of the Aral Sea The site includes Tashkent, Samarkand, Navoi, Bukhara, Nukus, muinak, etc., with a total length of more than 4000 kilometers. It mainly conducts UAV low altitude remote sensing, plant community investigation, soil type, climate and soil moisture status comprehensive investigation in different degree of degradation desertification areas, and samples of plant, soil are taken. A total of 30 sample plots were investigated, and data sets of desertification degree and distribution characteristics, vegetation type and distribution, soil type and physical and chemical properties were obtained.

0 2020-05-27

Soil bulk density of representative samples in the Heihe River Basin (2012-2013)

The aerosol optical thickness data of the Arctic Alaska station is based on the observation data products of the atmospheric radiation observation plan of the U.S. Department of energy at the Arctic Alaska station. The data coverage time is updated from 2017 to 2019, with the time resolution of hour by hour. The coverage site is the northern Alaska station, with the longitude and latitude coordinates of (71 ° 19 ′ 22.8 ″ n, 156 ° 36 ′ 32.4 ″ w). The source of the observed data is retrieved from the radiation data observed by mfrsr instrument. The characteristic variable is aerosol optical thickness, and the error range of the observed inversion is about 15%. The data format is NC format. The aerosol optical thickness data of Qomolangma station and Namuco station in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is based on the observation data products of Qomolangma station and Namuco station from the atmospheric radiation view of the Institute of Qinghai Tibet Plateau of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data coverage time is from 2017 to 2019, the time resolution is hour by hour, the coverage sites are Qomolangma station and Namuco station, the longitude and latitude coordinates are (Qomolangma station: 28.365n, 86.948e, Namuco station Mucuo station: 30.7725n, 90.9626e). The source of the observed data is retrieved from the radiation data observed by mfrsr instrument. The characteristic variable is aerosol optical thickness, and the error range of the observed inversion is about 15%. The data format is TXT.

0 2020-05-25

Soil bulk density of representative samples in the Heihe River Basin

The data set includes soil bulk density data of representative soil samples collected from July 2012 to August 2013 in the Heihe River Basin. The first soil survey was conducted in 2012. After the representativeness evaluation of collected samples, we conducted an additional sampling in 2013. These samples are representative enough to represent the soil variation in the Heihe River Basin, of which the soil variation in each landscape could be accounted for. The sampling depths in field refer to the sampling specification of Chinese Soil Taxonomy, in which soil samples were taken from genetic soil horizons.

0 2020-05-25

Soil organic carbon concentrations of representative samples in the Heihe River Basin

The data set includes soil organic carbon concentrations data of representative soil samples collected from July 2012 to August 2013 in the Heihe River Basin. The first soil survey was conducted in 2012. After the representativeness evaluation of collected samples, we conducted an additional sampling in 2013. These samples are representative enough to represent the soil variation in the Heihe River Basin, of which the soil variation in each landscape could be accounted for. The sampling depths in field refer to the sampling specification of Chinese Soil Taxonomy, in which soil samples were taken from genetic soil horizons.

0 2020-05-25

pH of representative samples in the Heihe River Basin

The data set includes soil pH data of representative soil samples collected from July 2012 to August 2013 in the Heihe River Basin. The first soil survey was conducted in 2012. After the representativeness evaluation of collected samples, we conducted an additional sampling in 2013. These samples are representative enough to represent the soil variation in the Heihe River Basin, of which the soil variation in each landscape could be accounted for. The sampling depths in field refer to the sampling specification of Chinese Soil Taxonomy, in which soil samples were taken from genetic soil horizons.

0 2020-05-18