Monitoring data of river section flow and soil and groundwater temperature in hulugou small watershed (July September 2014-2015)

The data includes the discharge data of the outlet river of No.2 catchment area of hulugou small watershed from July 24 to September 11, 2014 / 2015. Sampling location: the coordinates of river flow monitoring section are located at the outlet of No. 2 catchment area, near the red wall, with coordinates of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. The soil temperature monitoring depth in hulugou is 20cm, 50cm, 100cm, 200cm and 300cm. The monitoring depth of groundwater temperature is 10m. The observation frequency is 1 time / 1 hour. The time range of observation data is from May 13, 2015 to September 5, 2015. Sampling location: the soil temperature monitoring point in hulugou small watershed is located in the middle of the Delta, with the geographic coordinates of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n.

0 2020-07-30

Landsat-based continuous monthly 30m×30m Land Surface FVC Dataset in Qilian mountain area (V1.0)

This data set includes a monthly composite of 30 m × 30 m surface vegetation coverage products in the Qilian Mountain Area in 2019. In this paper, the maximum value composition (MVC) method is used to synthesize monthly NDVI products and calculate FVC by using the reflectance data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 red and near infrared channels. The data is monthly synthesized by Google Earth engine cloud platform, and the index is calculated by the model. The missing pixels are interpolated with good quality, which can be used in environmental change monitoring and other fields.

0 2020-06-15

Runoff analysis of the source area of the Yellow River (2014-2016)

The data includes the runoff components of the main stream and four tributaries in the source area of the Yellow River. In 2014-2016, spring, summer and winter, based on the measurement of radon and tritium isotopic contents of river water samples from several permafrost regions in the source area of the Yellow River, and according to the mass conservation model and isotope balance model of river water flow, the runoff component analysis of river flow was carried out, and the proportion of groundwater supply and underground ice melt water in river runoff was preliminarily divided. The quality of the data calculated by the model is good, and the relative error is less than 20%. The data can provide help for the parameter calibration of future hydrological model and the simulation of hydrological runoff process.

0 2020-06-04

The river flow in Hulugou catchment catchment from May to Sep , 2016

1、 Data Description: the data includes the river flow data at the outlet of No.2 catchment of hulugou small watershed from May 4, 2016 to September 3, 2016. 2、 Sampling location: the coordinates of river flow monitoring section are located at the outlet of No. 2 catchment near the red wall, with the coordinates of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n.

0 2020-06-03

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (No.4 runoff observation system of Wujing bridge on the Heihe River, 2014)

The data set includes the observation data of river water level and velocity at No. 4 point in the dense observation of runoff in the middle reaches of Heihe River from January 1 to June 25, 2014. The observation point is located in Heihe bridge, Shangbao village, Jing'an Township, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The riverbed is sandy gravel with unstable section. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are n39 ° 03'53.23 ", E100 ° 25'59.31", with an altitude of 1431m and a width of 58m. In 2012, hobo pressure type water level gauge was used for water level observation with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes; since 2013, sr50 ultrasonic distance meter was used with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes. The data description includes the following parts: For water level observation, the observation frequency is 30 minutes, unit (CM); the data covers the period from January 1, 2014 to June 25, 2014; for flow observation, unit (M3); for flow monitoring according to different water levels, the water level flow curve is obtained, and the runoff change process is obtained based on the observation of water level process. The missing data is uniformly represented by string-6999. Refer to Li et al. (2013) for hydrometeorological network or station information and he et al. (2016) for observation data processing.

0 2020-03-14

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (No.2 runoff observation system of 312 bridge on the Heihe River, 2015)

The data set includes the river level observation data of point 2 in the dense runoff observation of the middle reaches of Heihe River from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015. The observation point is located in Heihe bridge, 312 National Road, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The riverbed is sandy gravel with unstable section. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are n38.996667 °, e100.427222 °, altitude 1485m, river width 70m and 20m. Sr50 ultrasonic range finder is used for water level observation, with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes. The data includes the following parts: Water level observation, observation frequency 30 minutes, unit (CM); In 2015, the section of bridge no.2-312 was frequently disturbed by human beings. The dam was built within 1km of the upstream and downstream of the section. The unstable area of the hydrological section led to the disorder of the water level and flow curve. During the measurement, the stable flow and water level curve could not be obtained. The observation of water level is based on the manual observation of water level at 0:00 on January 1, 2015. In the later stage, the hydrological section of river undercut changes. The result is that the datum water level changes and negative value appears; Refer to Li et al. (2013) for hydrometeorological network or station information, and he et al. (2016) for observation data processing

0 2020-03-14

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (No.2 runoff observation system of 312 bridge on the Heihe River, 2014)

The data set includes the observation data of river water level and velocity at No.2 point in the runoff densification observation of the middle reaches of Heihe River from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. The observation point is located in Heihe bridge, 312 National Road, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The riverbed is sandy gravel with unstable section. The longitude and latitude of the observation points are N38 ° 59 ′ 51.71 ″, E100 ° 24 ′ 38.76 ″, with an altitude of 1485 meters, and a channel width of 70 meters and 20 meters. Sr50 ultrasonic range finder is used for water level observation, with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes. The data description includes the following parts: For water level observation, the observation frequency is 30 minutes, unit (CM); the data covers the period from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014; for flow observation, unit (M3); for flow monitoring according to different water levels, the water level flow curve is obtained, and the runoff change process is obtained based on the observation of water level process. The section of bridge no.2-312 is frequently disturbed by human beings, and the unstable area of hydrological section leads to the disorder of water level and flow curve. During the measurement, the stable flow and water level curve cannot be obtained. The missing data is uniformly represented by string-6999. Refer to Li et al. (2013) for hydrometeorological network or station information and he et al. (2016) for observation data processing.

0 2020-03-14

The river water temperature in Hulugou watershed (July - September, 2014)

1、 Data Description: the data includes the river temperature of the river section in No.2 catchment area of hulugou small watershed and the river section at the intersection of the East and West Branch ditches from July 2014 to September 2014. 2、 Sampling location: the coordinates of river section in No.2 catchment area are 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ e, 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. The cross section coordinates of the river at the junction of the East and West Branch ditches are 99 ° 52'45 "E, 38 ° 15'26.60" n.

0 2020-03-12

Stream flow observations of the east branch in Hulugou small watershed (July 2012-May 2013)

1、 Data overview: use solinst leveloger automatic water level gauge to observe river water level, calculate flow data through water level flow curve, and manually observe the flow through self-made flow weir (see thumbnail). Due to the limited amount of manual observation data, further supplementary observation is needed to improve the water level discharge curve. 2、 Data content: we manually observe the water level and flow data of the two sections. The first section: the exit of area III divided by Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, the boundary point between cold desert zone and cold meadow zone, where the valley is deep and the bedrock is exposed. Coordinates of observation points (99 ° 53 ′ 37 ″ e, 38 ° 13 ′ 34 ″ n). The observation period is from July 21, 2012 to May 6, 2013. The observation frequency of automatic observation data is 1 time / 30 minutes from July 21 to July 25, 2012. 1 time / 15 minutes from July 25, 2012 to May 6, 2013. After September 15, 2012, there was an error in the automatic monitoring data of the observation point. The reason may be that the flow of the river channel became smaller, the probe was exposed to the air, and the water level gauge could not correctly reflect the change of the flow of the river channel. At the same time, the temperature decreased after September, and the river channel froze in winter. There was no automatic monitoring flow data during this period. The second section: the exit of No.2 area divided by Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, with flat terrain, is located at the catchment of the outlet of the alluvial delta Valley, and the south side is the shrub area. A small flow weir is built. The observation point coordinates (99 ° 52 ′ 58 ″ e, 38 ° 14 ′ 36 ″ n), and the observation frequency of automatic observation data is 1 time / 15 minutes. The observation period is from July 21, 2012 to May 6, 2013. After the observation point entered September, the river flow gradually decreased and there was no water in the river. At this time, the reading of water level gauge can not correctly reflect the change of river discharge. At the same time, our field experience shows that from September to May of the next year, the observation point is basically in a state of no water.

0 2020-03-12

Runoff dataset in Hulugou outlet of Qilian station in the upstream of Heihe River (2011)

1. Data overview: this data set is the total surface runoff of hulugou drainage basin controlled by the outlet hydrological section of Qilian station from January 1, 2011 to November 2, 2011. 2. Data content: the flow data of the hydrological section at the outlet of hulugou, and the flow of the hydrological section at the outlet of the drainage basin is regularly observed at 08:00, 14:00 and 20:00 every day (the ls45a rotating cup type current meter produced by Chongqing Huazheng Hydrological Instrument Co., Ltd. is used for measurement). At the same time, hobo pressure water level gauge is used to monitor the change of water level in real time and establish the relationship between water level and discharge. 3. Space time scope: geographic coordinates: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2962.5m.

0 2020-03-11