Oxygen content in the atmosphere of the Tibetan Plateau

Based on the meteorological data of 105 meteorological stations in and around the Qinghai Tibet Plateau from 1980 to 2019, the National Meteorological Science Data Center of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) was established. By calculating the oxygen content, it is found that there is a significant linear correlation between oxygen content and altitude, y = - 0.0263x + 283.8, R2 = 0.9819. Therefore, the oxygen content distribution map can be calculated based on DEM data grid. Due to the limitation of the natural environment in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, there are few related fixed-point observation institutions. This data can reflect the distribution of oxygen content in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau to a certain extent, and has certain reference significance for the research of human living environment in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

0 2021-01-25

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (No.4 runoff observation system of Wujing bridge on the Heihe River, 2014)

The data set includes the observation data of river water level and velocity at No. 4 point in the dense observation of runoff in the middle reaches of Heihe River from January 1 to June 25, 2014. The observation point is located in Heihe bridge, Shangbao village, Jing'an Township, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The riverbed is sandy gravel with unstable section. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are n39 ° 03'53.23 ", E100 ° 25'59.31", with an altitude of 1431m and a width of 58m. In 2012, hobo pressure type water level gauge was used for water level observation with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes; since 2013, sr50 ultrasonic distance meter was used with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes. The data description includes the following parts: For water level observation, the observation frequency is 30 minutes, unit (CM); the data covers the period from January 1, 2014 to June 25, 2014; for flow observation, unit (M3); for flow monitoring according to different water levels, the water level flow curve is obtained, and the runoff change process is obtained based on the observation of water level process. The missing data is uniformly represented by string-6999. Refer to Li et al. (2013) for hydrometeorological network or station information and he et al. (2016) for observation data processing.

0 2020-03-14

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (No.2 runoff observation system of 312 bridge on the Heihe River, 2015)

The data set includes the river level observation data of point 2 in the dense runoff observation of the middle reaches of Heihe River from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015. The observation point is located in Heihe bridge, 312 National Road, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The riverbed is sandy gravel with unstable section. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are n38.996667 °, e100.427222 °, altitude 1485m, river width 70m and 20m. Sr50 ultrasonic range finder is used for water level observation, with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes. The data includes the following parts: Water level observation, observation frequency 30 minutes, unit (CM); In 2015, the section of bridge no.2-312 was frequently disturbed by human beings. The dam was built within 1km of the upstream and downstream of the section. The unstable area of the hydrological section led to the disorder of the water level and flow curve. During the measurement, the stable flow and water level curve could not be obtained. The observation of water level is based on the manual observation of water level at 0:00 on January 1, 2015. In the later stage, the hydrological section of river undercut changes. The result is that the datum water level changes and negative value appears; Refer to Li et al. (2013) for hydrometeorological network or station information, and he et al. (2016) for observation data processing

0 2020-03-14

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (No.2 runoff observation system of 312 bridge on the Heihe River, 2014)

The data set includes the observation data of river water level and velocity at No.2 point in the runoff densification observation of the middle reaches of Heihe River from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. The observation point is located in Heihe bridge, 312 National Road, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The riverbed is sandy gravel with unstable section. The longitude and latitude of the observation points are N38 ° 59 ′ 51.71 ″, E100 ° 24 ′ 38.76 ″, with an altitude of 1485 meters, and a channel width of 70 meters and 20 meters. Sr50 ultrasonic range finder is used for water level observation, with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes. The data description includes the following parts: For water level observation, the observation frequency is 30 minutes, unit (CM); the data covers the period from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014; for flow observation, unit (M3); for flow monitoring according to different water levels, the water level flow curve is obtained, and the runoff change process is obtained based on the observation of water level process. The section of bridge no.2-312 is frequently disturbed by human beings, and the unstable area of hydrological section leads to the disorder of water level and flow curve. During the measurement, the stable flow and water level curve cannot be obtained. The missing data is uniformly represented by string-6999. Refer to Li et al. (2013) for hydrometeorological network or station information and he et al. (2016) for observation data processing.

0 2020-03-14

Runoff dataset in Hulugou outlet of Qilian station in the upstream of Heihe River (2011)

1. Data overview: this data set is the total surface runoff of hulugou drainage basin controlled by the outlet hydrological section of Qilian station from January 1, 2011 to November 2, 2011. 2. Data content: the flow data of the hydrological section at the outlet of hulugou, and the flow of the hydrological section at the outlet of the drainage basin is regularly observed at 08:00, 14:00 and 20:00 every day (the ls45a rotating cup type current meter produced by Chongqing Huazheng Hydrological Instrument Co., Ltd. is used for measurement). At the same time, hobo pressure water level gauge is used to monitor the change of water level in real time and establish the relationship between water level and discharge. 3. Space time scope: geographic coordinates: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2962.5m.

0 2020-03-11

Runoff dataset in Hulugou outlet of Qilian station in the upstream of the Heihe River (2012)

1. Data overview: this data set is the total surface runoff of hulugou drainage basin controlled by the outlet hydrological section of Qilian station from January 1, 2012 to December 1, 2012. 2. Data content: at 08:00, 14:00 and 20:00 every day, the flow rate and water level change of the outlet hydrological section of hulugou River Basin are regularly observed (the flow rate is measured by ls45a rotating cup type flow meter produced by Chongqing Huazheng Hydrological Instrument Co., Ltd., and the water level change is monitored in real time by hobo pressure type water level meter), the water level flow relationship is established, and the outlet flow of the river basin is calculated. 3. Space time scope: geographic coordinates: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2962.5m.

0 2020-03-11

Runoff dataset in Hulugou outlet of Qilian Station in upstream of the Heihe River (2013)

1. Data overview: this data set is the total surface runoff of hulugou drainage basin controlled by the outlet hydrological section of Qilian station from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013. 2. Data content: at 08:00, 14:00 and 20:00 every day, the flow rate and water level change of the outlet hydrological section of hulugou River Basin are regularly observed (the flow rate is measured by ls45a rotating cup type flow meter produced by Chongqing Huazheng Hydrological Instrument Co., Ltd., and the water level change is monitored in real time by hobo pressure type water level meter), the water level flow relationship is established, and the outlet flow of the river basin is calculated. 3. Space time scope: geographic coordinates: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2962.5m.

0 2020-03-11

Data set of hydrological section survey in the middle reaches of Heihe River (2005)

Data overview: from September 23 to September 30, 2005 and from November 5 to November 9, 2005, the remote sensing Office of hanhanyuan Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences measured 21 hydrological sections between Yingluoxia hydrological station and zhengzhengxia hydrological station in the middle reaches of Heihe River. Data acquisition process: using two sets of zhonghaida hd8080 GPS receivers and one set of DS3 level of Southern surveying and mapping company, combining GPS and leveling. Section survey mainly includes two steps. Firstly, two differential GPS are used to select high-precision control points on both sides of the river bank or on one side of the selected section, and two GPS receivers are used to observe for 30 minutes simultaneously. Then, on the basis of these control points, the level is used for continuous measurement of the section. According to the river width, a certain number of sounding plumb lines are arranged on the section to measure the water depth and the starting point distance of each sounding plumb line. The measuring points are relatively dense in the main channel part, and the beach is relatively sparse. The distance between the two points of the main channel part is 2m. This data can provide the key basic data for the hydrological simulation of surface groundwater in the middle reaches of Heihe River.

0 2020-03-08

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (No.7 runoff observation system of Pingchuan bridge on the Heihe River, 2015)

The data set includes the observation data of river water level and velocity at No.7 point in the dense observation of runoff in the middle reaches of Heihe River from January 1, 2015 to March 11, 2016. The sensor was abnormal at the end of 2014, and the commissioning was normal on March 25 after maintenance. The observation point is located in Heihe bridge, Pingchuan Township, Linze County, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The riverbed is sandy gravel with unstable section. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are n39.331667 °, e100.099722 °, altitude 1375 meters, and channel width 130 meters. In 2015, sr50 ultrasonic distance meter was used for water level observation, with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes. Data description includes: Water level observation, observation frequency 30 minutes, unit (cm); The missing data are uniformly represented by the string -6999. For information of hydrometeorological network or station, please refer to Li et al.(2013), and for observation data processing, please refer to He et al.(2016).

0 2020-03-03

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (No.7 runoff observation system of Pingchuan bridge on the Heihe River, 2014)

The data set includes the observation data of river water level and velocity at No.7 point in the dense observation of runoff in the middle reaches of Heihe River from January 1, 2014 to December 28, 2014. The observation point is located in Heihe bridge, Pingchuan Township, Linze County, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The riverbed is sandy gravel with unstable section. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are n39 ° 20'2.03 ", E100 ° 5'49.63", with an altitude of 1375m and a channel width of 130m. In 2014, sr50 ultrasonic distance meter was used for water level observation, with acquisition frequency of 30 minutes. Data description includes the following two parts: Water level observation, observation frequency 30 minutes, unit (cm); The data covers the period from January 1, 2014 to December 28, 2014. Flow observation, unit (m3); According to the monitoring flow of different water levels, the flow curve of water levels was obtained, and the change process of runoff was obtained by observing the process of water levels.The missing data are uniformly represented by the string -6999. For information of hydrometeorological network or station, please refer to Li et al.(2013), and for observation data processing, please refer to He et al.(2016).

0 2020-03-03