WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurement synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (L&K bands) mission in the Biandukou foci experimental area on May 25, 2008

The dataset of ground truth measurement synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (L&K bands) mission was obtained in the Biandukou foci experimental area on May 25, 2008. Observation items included: (1) the soil temperature in L1, L2, L3, L4, L5, L6 and L7; (2) roughness measured by the roughness grid board and collected by the digital camera. Files with "result" field were processed data, in which the first row was RMS height (cm; one value), the second row was distance (cm), and the third row was correlation function (cm; changed into correlation length when it is 1/e). (3) GPR and TDR data. Five files were included, roughness photos and preprocessed data, the soil temperature, coordinates of quadrates and sampling lines, GPR and microwave radiometer data. All were archived as Excel and .txt files. Those provide reliable ground data for development and validation of soil moisture and freeze/thaw algorithms from active remote sensing approaches.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of surface roughness at the super site around the Dayekou Guantan forest station

The dataset of surface roughness was obtained at the super site (100m×100m, pure Qinghai spruce) around the Dayekou Guantan forest station. 25 corner points and 16 center points were collected and each point was measured twice and photos were taken. With the roughness plate 110cm long and the measuring points distance 1cm, the samples were collected along the strip from south to north and from east to west, respectively. The photos were processed using ArcView software; and after geometric correction, surface height standard deviation (cm) and correlation length (cm) could be acquired based on the formula listed on pages 234-236, Microwave Remote Sensing, Vol. II. The roughness data were initialized by the sample name, which was followed by the serial number, the name of the file, standard deviation and correlation length. Each .txt file is matched with one sample photo and standard deviation and correlation length represent the roughness. In addition, the length of 101 radius is also included for further checking. Those provide reliable ground data for improving and verifying the remote sensing algorithms.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of surface roughness measurements in the Huazhaizi desert steppe foci experimental area

The dataset of surface roughness measurements by phototaking was obtained in the Huazhaizi desert steppe foci experimental area. Observation items included: (1) Surface roughness synchronizing with ASAR and MODIS in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot on May 24, 2008. (2) Surface roughness synchronizing with WiDAS in Huazhaizi desert No. 1 plot on May 30, 2008. The self-made roughness reference board (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS), the digital camera and the compass were used. Sample points were selected at equal intervals along the diagonals and marked in the photos.

0 2019-05-23