The matching data of water and soil resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the potential evapotranspiration data calculated by Penman formula from the site meteorological data (2008-2016, national meteorological data sharing network), the evapotranspiration under the existing land use according to the influence coefficient of underlying surface, and the rainfall data obtained by interpolation from the site rainfall data in the meteorological data, are used to calculate the evapotranspiration under the existing land use according to the different land types of land use According to the difference, the matching coefficient of water and soil resources is obtained. The difference between the actual rainfall and the water demand under the existing land use conditions reflects the matching of water and soil resources. The larger the value is, the better the matching is. The spatial distribution of the matching of soil and water resources can pave the way for further understanding of the agricultural and animal husbandry resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
The dataset of CMA operational meteorological stations observations in the Heihe river basin were provided by Gansu Meteorological Administration and Qinghai Meteorological Administration. It included: (1) Diurnal precipitation, sunshine, evaporation, the wind speed, the air temperature and air humidity (2, 8, 14 and 20 o'clock) in Mazongshan, Yumen touwnship, Dingxin, Jinta, Jiuquan, Gaotai, Linze, Sunan, Zhangye, Mingle, Shandan and Yongchang in Gansu province (2) the wind direction and speed, the temperature and the dew-point spread (8 and 20 o'clock; 850, 700, 600, 500, 400, 300, 250, 200, 150, 100 and 50hpa) in Jiuquan, Zhangye and Mingqin in Gansu province and Golmud, Doulan and Xining in Qinghai province (3) the surface temperature, the dew point, the air pressure, the voltage transformation (3 hours and 24 hours), the weather phenomena (the present and the past), variable temperatures, visibility, cloudage, the wind direction and speed, precipitation within six hours and unusual weather in Jiuquan, Sunan, Jinta, Dingxin, Mingle, Zhangye, Gaotai, Shandan, Linze, Yongchang and Mingqin in Gansu province and Tuole, Yeniugao, Qilian, Menyuan, Xining, Gangcha and Huangyuan in Qinhai province.
I. Overview This dataset contains monthly meteorological data for the upper Yellow River and its surroundings from 1952 to 2011. The standard station data includes 30 elements: average station pressure, extreme maximum station pressure, date of extreme maximum station pressure, extreme minimum station pressure, date of extreme minimum station pressure, average temperature, and extreme maximum temperature. , Extreme high temperature appearance day, extreme minimum temperature, extreme minimum temperature appearance day, average temperature anomaly, average maximum temperature, average minimum temperature, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, minimum relative humidity occurrence date, precipitation, daily precipitation > = 0.1mm days, maximum daily precipitation, maximum daily precipitation occurrence day, percentage of precipitation anomaly, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, day of maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed , The day of maximum wind speed, the hours of sunshine, and the percentage of sunshine. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data is stored as integers, the temperature unit is (0.1 ° C) value, the precipitation unit is (0.1 mm), and it is stored as an ASCII text file. Ⅲ. Data content description Standard station data, all meteorological elements are stored in one text, each element is: average own station pressure (V10004), extreme highest station pressure (V10201), extreme highest station pressure (V10201_001), extreme lowest station Barometric pressure (V10202), the day when the extreme minimum atmospheric pressure appeared (V10202_002), the average temperature (V12001), the extreme maximum temperature (V12011), the extreme maximum temperature (V12011_001), the extreme minimum temperature (V12012), the extreme minimum temperature (V12012_002), average temperature anomaly (V12201), average maximum temperature (V12211), average minimum temperature (V12212), average relative humidity (V13003), minimum relative humidity (V13007), minimum relative humidity occurrence date (V13007_001), precipitation Amount (V13011), daily precipitation> = 0.1mm days (V13011_000), maximum daily precipitation (V13052), maximum daily precipitation (V13052_001), percentage of precipitation anomaly (V13212), average wind speed (V11002), polar High wind speed (V11041), the day when the maximum wind speed appears (V11041_001), the maximum wind speed (V11042), the wind direction of the maximum wind speed (V11043), the wind direction of the maximum wind speed (V11212), the maximum wind speed Today (V11212_001), hours of sunshine (V14032), percentage of sunshine (V14033). Ⅳ. Data usage description In terms of resources and environment, meteorological data is used to simulate the regional climate change and runoff, sediment, water and soil loss and vegetation change in the basin, and it is also a necessary input condition for remote sensing inversion.
Based on the data of 21 regular meteorological observation stations in Heihe River Basin and its surrounding areas and 13 national benchmark stations around Heihe River provided by the data management center of Heihe plan, the daily sunshine hours are statistically sorted out and the monthly sunshine hours data of 1961-2010 for many years are calculated. The spatial stability analysis is carried out to calculate the variation coefficient. If the variation coefficient is greater than 100%, the geographical weighted regression is used to calculate the relationship between the station and the geographical terrain factors, and the monthly sunshine hours distribution trend is obtained; if the variation coefficient is less than or equal to 100%, the ordinary least square regression is used to calculate the sunshine hours and the geographical terrain factors (longitude, latitude, elevation, slope, aspect, etc.) of the station ）The distribution trend of sunshine hours per month is obtained, and the residuals after removing the trend are fitted and corrected by HASM (high accuracy surface modeling method). Finally, the monthly average sunshine hours distribution of the Heihe River Basin in 1961-2010 is obtained by adding the trend surface results and the residual correction results. Time resolution: monthly average sunshine hours for many years from 1961 to 2010. Spatial resolution: 500M.