Daily cloudless MODIS Snow area ratio data set of the QTP (2000-2015)

The daily cloudless MODIS Snow area ratio data set (2000-2015) of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is based on MODIS daily snow product - mod10a1, which is obtained by using a cloud removal algorithm based on cubic spline interpolation. The data set is projected by UTM with spatial resolution of 500m, providing daily snow cover FSC results in the Tibetan Plateau. The data set is a day-to-day document, from 24 February 2000 to 31 December 2015. Each file is the result of snow area proportion on that day, the value is 0-100%, which is envi standard file, the naming rule is: yyyddd_fsc_0.5km.img, where yyyy represents the year, DDD represents Julian day (001-365 / 366). Files can be opened and viewed directly with envi or ArcMap. The original MODIS Snow data product for cloud removal comes from the mod10a1 product processed by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). This data set is in the format of HDF and uses the sinusional projection. The attributes of the daily cloudless MODIS Snow area ratio data set (2000-2015) on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau consist of the spatial-temporal resolution, projection information and data format of the data set. Temporal and spatial resolution: the temporal resolution is day by day, the spatial resolution is 500m, the longitude range is 72.8 ° ~ 106.3 ° e, and the latitude is 25.0 ° ~ 40.9 ° n. Projection information: UTM projection. Data format: envi standard format. File naming rules: "yyyyddd" + ". Img", where yyyy stands for year, DDD stands for Julian day (001-365 / 366), and ". Img" is the file suffix added for easy viewing in ArcMap and other software. For example, 2000055 ﹐ FSC ﹐ 0.5km.img represents the result on the 55th day of 2000. The envi file of this data set is composed of header file and body content. The header file includes row number, column number, band number, file type, data type, data record format, projection information, etc.; take 2000055 ﹣ FSC ﹣ 0.5km.img file as an example, the header file information is as follows: ENVI Description = {envi file, created [sat APR 27 18:40:03 2013]} Samples = 5760 Lines = 3300 Bands = 1 Header offset = 0 File type = envi standard Data type = 1: represents byte type Interleave = BSQ: data record format is BSQ Sensor type = unknown Byte order = 0 Map Info = {UTM, 1.500, 1.500, - 711320.359, 4526650.881, 5.0000000000e + 002, 5.0000000000e + 002, 45, north, WGS-84, units = meters} Coordinate system string = {projcs ["UTM [u zone [45N], geocs [" GCS [WGS [1984], data ["d [WGS [1984", organization ID ["WGS [1984", 6378137.0298.257223563]], prime ["Greenwich", 0.0], unit ["degree", 0.01745532925199433]]] project ["transfer [Mercator"]] parameter ["false [easting", 500000.0], parameter ["false [easting", 500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [false [false [easting ", 500000.0], parameter], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [false [easting", 500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter ["false_northing", 0.0], parameter ["central_meridian", 87.0], parameter ["scale" _Factor ", 0.9996], parameter [" latitude ﹣ of ﹣ origin ", 0.0], unit [" meter ", 1.0]]} Wavelength units = unknown, band names = {2000055}

0 2020-01-16

Absorptive impurity data of snow and ice in Altay (2016-2017) v1.0

Soluble organic carbon (DOC) in snow and ice can effectively absorb the solar radiation in the ultraviolet and near ultraviolet band, which is also one of the important factors leading to the enhancement of snow and ice ablation. Through the continuous snow samples from November 2016 to April 2017 in Altay area, the data of DOC, TN and BC of snow in kuwei station in Altay area were obtained through the experimental analysis and test with the instrument. The time resolution was weeks and the ablation period was daily. 1. Unit: Doc and TN unit μ g-1 (PPM), BC unit ng g-1 (ppb), MAC unit M2 g-1

0 2020-01-12

Snow depth product for Sanjiangyuan from 1980 to 2018

This dataset was derived from long-term daily snow depth in China based on the boundary of the three-river-source area. The snow depth ranges from 0 to 100 cm, and the temporal coverage is from January 1 1980 to December 31 2018. The spatial and temporal resolutions are 0.25o and daily, respectively. Snow depth was produced from satellite passive microwave remote sensing data which came from three different sensors that are SMMR, SSM/I and SSMI/S. Considering the systematic bias among these sensors, the inter-sensor calibrations were performed to obtain temporal consistent passive microwave remote sensing data. And the long-term daily snow depth in China were produced from this consistent data based on the spectral gradient method.

0 2019-12-20

MODIS daily cloud-free snow cover area product for Sanjiangyuan from 2000 to 2018

The dataset was produced based on MODIS data. Parameters and algorithm were revised to be suitable for the land cover type in the Three-River-Source Regions. By using the Markov de-cloud algorithm, SSM/I snow water equivalent data was fused to the result. Finally, high accuracy daily de-cloud snow cover data was produced. The data value is 0(no snow) or 1(snow). The spatial resolution is 500m, the time period is from 2000-2-24 to 2018-12-31. Data format is geotiff, Arcmap or python+GDAL were recommended to open and process the data.

0 2019-12-17

Observation data of melting water flow in Jiagang snow mountain of Selinco Watershed (2016)

This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source area of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.

0 2019-11-18

The dataset of spatio-temporal water resources distribution in the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River (1998-2017)

This data is a simulated output data set of 5km monthly hydrological data obtained by establishing the WEB-DHM distributed hydrological model of the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River, using temperature, precipitation and pressure as input data, and GAME-TIBET data as verification data. The dataset includes grid runoff and evaporation (if the evaporation is less than 0, it means deposition; if the runoff is less than 0, it means that the precipitation in the month is less than evaporation). This data is a model based on the WEB-DHM distributed hydrological model, and established by using temperature, and precipitation (from itp-forcing and CMA) as input data, GLASS, MODIA, AVHRR as vegetation data, and SOILGRID and FAO as soil parameters. And by the calibration and verification of runoff,soil temperature and soil humidity, the 5 km monthly grid runoff and evaporation in the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River from 1998 to 2017 was obtained. If asc can't open normally in arcmap, please delete the blacks space of the top 5 lines of the asc file.

0 2019-09-22

MODIS daily cloud-free snow cover product over the Tibetan Plateau (2002-2015)

Snow duration on the Tibetan Plateau changes relatively quickly, and the mountainous areas around the plateau are characterized by abundant snow and ice resources and active atmospheric convection. Optical remote sensing is often affected by clouds. Snow cover monitoring needs to consider the cloud-removal problem on a daily time scale. Taking full account of the terrain of the Tibetan Plateau and the characteristics of snow on the mountains, this data set adopted a combination of various cloud-removing processes and steps to gradually remove the daily snow cover by maintaining the cloud-classify accuracy of the snow cover. In addition, a step-by-step comprehensive classification algorithm was formed, and the “MODIS daily cloud-free snow cover product over the Tibetan Plateau (2002-2015)” was completed. Two snow seasons from October 1, 2009, to April 30, 2011, were selected as test data for algorithm research and accuracy verification, and the snow depth data provided by 145 ground stations in the study area were used as a ground reference. The results showed that in the plateau region, when the snow depth exceeds 3 cm, the total classification accuracy of the cloud-free snow cover products is 96.6%, and the snow cover classification accuracy is 89.0%. The whole algorithm procedure, based on WGS84 projected MODIS snow products (MOD10A1 and MYD10A1) with medium resolution, results in a small loss of cloud-removal accuracy, which made the data highly reliable.

0 2019-09-15

Snow cover dataset of the Tibetan Plateau - multisource fusion algorithm (2008-2010)

This dataset is the snow cover dataset based on the MODIS fractional snow cover mapping algorithm Coupled Regional Approach (CRA). The CRA algorithm mainly consists of three parts. (1) First, the N-FINDR (Volume Iterative Approach) and OSP (Orthogonal Subspace Projection) are used to automatically extract the endmember according to the settings (extracting 30 end endmembers). (2) On the basis of automatic extraction, combined with the IGBG land cover type map, six types of endmembers of snow, vegetation, cloud, soil, rock and water are selected by the manual screening method, and an annual spectrum database is established according to the 2009 image. There are 3 spectra in the early, middle and late months and 36 spectra a year. (3) The established spectral database is used as a priori knowledge, and based on prior knowledge, the fully constrained linear unmixing method (FCLS) for subpixel decomposition is used to obtain the fractional snow cover products. The NDSI ratio algorithm with improved topographic effect is used to obtain the snow cover area, the spatiotemporal data are then interpolated, and, finally, the multisource data fusion with the AMSR-E microwave snow depth product is undertaken. The dataset adopts a latitude and longitude (Geographic) projection method. The datum is WGS84, and the spatial resolution is 0.005°. It provides the daily cloudless snow cover area map of the Tibetan Plateau from 2008 to 2010. The data set is stored by year and consists of 3 folders from 2008 to 2010. Each folder contains the classification results of the daily snow cover of the current year. It is a tif file with the naming rule YYYY***.tif, in which YYYY represents the year (2008-2010), and *** represents the day (001~365/ 366). It can be opened directly with ARCGIS or ENVI.

0 2019-09-15

Daily fractional snow cover dataset over High Asia (2002-2016)

Due to the short snow duration and thin snow layer on the Tibetan Plateau, dynamic monitoring data for daily fractional snow cover are urgently needed in order to better understand water cycling and other processes. This data set is based on MODIS Snow Cover Daily L3 Global 500 m Grid data and includes the Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI) data product generated from MODIS/Terra data (MOD10A1) and MODIS/Aqua data (MYD10A1). The data are in the .hdf format. The projection method is sinusoidal map projection. Combining the advantages of 90 m SRTM terrain data and fractional snow cover estimation algorithms under multiple cloud coverage types, the fractional snow cover under different cloud coverage conditions can be re-estimated to meet the production requirements of the daily less cloud (< 10%) data products in High Asia. On the basis of this method, the MODIS daily fractional snow cover data set over High Asia (2002-2016) was constructed. By taking the binary snow product under cloudless conditions as a reference, the spatial and temporal comparisons between snow distribution and snow coverage show that the spatio-temporal characteristics of the product and the binary products are highly consistent. Taking the winter of 2013 as an example, when the fractional snow cover is greater than 50%, the correlation can reach 0.8628. This data set provides daily fractional snow cover data for use in studying snow dynamics, the climate and environment, hydrology, energy balance, and disaster assessment in High Asia.

0 2019-09-15

WATER: Dataset of snow properties measured by the Snowfork in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area during the pre-observation period on Dec, 2007

The dataset of snow properties measured by the Snowfork was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area from Dec. 5-16 2007, during the pre-observation period. The aims of the measurements were to verify applicability of the instruments and to acquire snow parameters for simultaneous airborne, satellite-borne and ground-based remote sensing experiments and other control experiments. Observation items included: (1) physical quantities by direct observations: resonant frequency, the rate of attenuation and 3db bandwidth (2) physical quantities by indirect observations: snow density, snow complex permittivity (the real part and the imaginary part), snow volumetric moisture and snow gravimetric moisture. Five files including raw data and processed data are kept, data by the Snowfork on Dec 5, data by BG-A MODIS on Dec 6 and 7, data in BG-B, BG-C, BG-D and BG-E on Dec 10, and data in BG-D with the microwave radiometer on Dec 14 and 16.

0 2019-09-14