WATER: Dataset of groundwater level observations in the Linze station foci experimental area

The dataset of groundwater level observations was obtained by the measuring tape in the Linze station foci experimental area. Nine wells were selected in transit zone A, B and C, group 4 in Wulidun, Heihe river in Pingchuan, gobi in Yigongcheng, Wugongli, Linze station and the weather station. The first three were observed every day from May 23 to Jul. 21 and the other 6 were from Jun. 16 to Jul. 21, 2008.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of airborne WiDAS mission in the Zhangye-Yingke-Huazhaizi flight zone on Jul. 7, 2008

The dataset of airborne WiDAS mission was obtained in the Zhangye-Yingke-Huazhaizi flight zone on Jul. 7, 2008. Intra-band data available for general users include Level-2C data (after geometric, radiometric and atmospheric corrections), Level-1B browse image (after intra-band matching) and Level-2B browse image (after registration). The raw data, Level-1A, and data processing parameters were filed; applications would be evaluated prior to access. Data processing started in Aug. 2008 and ended in Apr. 2009, and in Nov. 2009, CCD data were reprocessed to adjust radiometric calibration. The flying time of each route was as follows: {| ! id ! flight ! relative height ! starttime ! endtime ! data size ! data state ! data quality ! ground targets |- | 1 || 3#15 || 1500m || 11:00:55 || 11:09:55 ||133 || processed; complete || good |- | 2 || 3#13 || 1500m || 11:14:40 || 11:23:45 || 136 || processed; complete || good |- | 3 || 3#11 || 1500m || 11:27:35 || 11:36:45 || 137 || processed; complete || good || the resort, Yingke weather station maize field and Yingke wheat field |- | 4 || 3#9 || 1500m || 11:40:55 || 11:50:20 || 137 || incomplete || incomplete || the wetland park, Zhangye city,Yingke weather station maize field, Yingke wheat field and Huazhaizi desert maize field |- | 5 || 3#9a || 1500m || 11:53:25 || 12:02:40 || 142 || processed; complete || good || the wetland park, Zhangye city,Yingke weather station maize field, Yingke wheat field and Huazhaizi desert maize field |- | 6 || 3#7 || 1500m || 12:07:10 || 12:16:35 || 119 || processed; complete || good |- | 7 || 3#5 || 1500m || 12:19:05 || 12:28:15 || 137 || processed; complete || good || Huazhaizi desert plot 1 |- | 8 || 3#3 || 1500m || 12:32:35 || 12:41:50 || 115 || processed; complete || good || Huazhaizi desert plot 2 |- | 9 || 3#1 || 1500m || 12:45:25 || 12:54:40 || 139 || processed; complete || good |- | 10 || 3#z1 || 1500m || 13:03:55 || 13:08:00 || 61 || processed; complete || good |- | 11 || 3#z2 || 1500m || 13:10:50 || 13:14:45 || 59 || processed; complete |}

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of airborne WiDAS mission in the national observatory on climatology at Zhangye-Zhangye flight zone on Jun. 29, 2008

The dataset of airborne WiDAS mission was obtained in the national observatory on climatology at Zhangye-Zhangye flight zone on Jun. 29, 2008. Intra-band data available for general users include Level-2C data (after geometric, radiometric and atmospheric corrections), Level-1B browse image (after intra-band matching) and Level-2B browse image (after registration). The raw data, Level-1A, and data processing parameters were filed; applications would be evaluated prior to access. Data processing started in Aug. 2008 and ended in Apr. 2009, and in Nov. 2009, CCD data were reprocessed to adjust radiometric calibration. The flying time of each route was as follows: {| ! id ! flight ! relative height ! starttime ! endtime ! data size ! data state ! data quality ! ground targets |- | 1 || 2#5 || 1500m || 13:14:39 || 13:22:43 || 122 || processed;complete || good || National observatory on climatology at Zhangye;Gulou in Zhangye |- | 2 || 2#7 || 1500m || 13:28:23 || 13:35:31 || 108 || processed;complete || good |-  | 3 || 2#9 || 1500m || 13:41:11 || 13:49:03 || 119 || processed;complete || good || wetland park in Zhangye |}

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of dewfall measurements in the Linze station foci experimental area

The dataset of dewfall measurements was obtained in the Linze station foci experimental area from 6 am to 7am and 7pm to 10pm. Two containers were used. One was the unsealed rectangle plastic condensate drain pan from May 26 to Jul. 28, 2008 (one time-continuous observation from Jun. 25 to 27 at intervals of 2 hours), and the other was the sealed and unsealed aluminum cases from Jun. 24 to Jul. 29, 2008 (two time-continuous observations from Jun. 25 to 27 and Jul. 19 to 20, respectively, both at intervals of 2 hours). Dewfall was weighed by G&G TC30K- H scales (accuracy: 1g) for the condensate drain pan and by electronic scales (accuracy: 0.1g) for the aluminum case.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of soil moisture profile observations in the Linze grassland foci experimental area

The dataset of soil moisture profile observations (5cm, 10cm, 20cm and 40cm) was obtained in the Linze grassland foci experimental area from May 24 to Jun. 30, 2008. Four points, with various underlying surface and depth in each plot of A, B, C, D and E, were measured by the cutting ring. Data were archived in Excel and Word file. See WATER: Dataset of setting of the sampling plots and stripes in the foci experimental area of Linze station for more information.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurement synchronizing with MODIS in the Linze grassland foci experimental area on Jun. 2, 2008

The dataset of ground truth measurement synchronizing with MODIS was obtained in the Linze grassland foci experimental area on Jun. 2, 2008. Measurements were carried out twice at intervals of 125m in four quadrates (2km×2km), which were H01-H08, H09-H16, H17-H24 and H25-H32 respectively. Simultaneous ground data were mainly the canopy temperature, the half-height temperature, the land surface radiative temperature and the soil temperature (0-5cm) by the probe thermometer. For soil moisture, the soil temperature, soil moisture, the loss tangent, soil conductivity, and the real part and the imaginary part of soil complex permittivity were acquired by the POGO soil sensor, and soil gravimetric moisture, volumetric moisture, and soil bulk density after drying by the cutting ring inNo.1 quadrats (H01-H08), No.2 (H09-H16) and No.3 (H17-H24); and in No.4 quadrat 4 (H25-H32), soil moisture, soil conductivity, the soil temperature, the real part of soil complex permittivity were acquired by WET, soil gravimetric moisture, volumetric moisture, and soil bulk density after drying by the cutting ring. Complementary measurements were carried out on Jun. 3, 2008. The soil temperature, soil moisture, the loss tangent, soil conductivity, the real part and the imaginary part of soil complex permittivity were acquired by the POGO soil sensor, and soil gravimetric moisture, volumetric moisture, and soil bulk density after drying by the cutting ring in H41-H48, H49-H56 and H57-H64; and in H33-H40, soil moisture, soil conductivity, the soil temperature, and the real part of soil complex permittivity were acquired by WET, soil gravimetric moisture, volumetric moisture, and soil bulk density after drying by the cutting ring. Data were archived in Excel format. See WATER: Dataset of setting of the sampling plots and stripes in the Linze station foci experimental area for more information.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of diurnal FPAR change observations in the Linze station foci experimental area

The dataset of diurnal FPAR change observations was obtained by the quantum light meter (3415 series) in the Linze station foci experimental area. Each observation lasted from 9am to 5pm at intervals of 10 minutes, in the maize field and the sunflower field on Jun. 16, and in Wulidun farmland quadrates on Jul. 1, 2008. Located 15cm above the canopy, the quantum light meter was used to measure PARci and PARcr (at 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°); located 15cm above the ground, for PARgi and PARgr. And then PAR= (PARci- PARcr)- ( PARgi- PARgr); Fpar =PAR/ PARci. Data were archived as Excel files.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of diurnal FPAR change observations in the Yingke oasis foci experimental areas

The dataset of diurnal FPAR change observations was obtained in the Yingke oasis foci experimental areas. Observation items included: (1) Maize canopy reflectance spectra by ASD and 50% grey board, leaf SPAD by the chlorophyll meter and leaf photosynthesis by LI-6400 in Yingke oasis maize field on Jul. 5, 2008 (fixed point observations from 10:00-20:00 at intervals of one hour, and half an hour from 16:00) Besides, Photo: photosynthetic rate (µmol CO2 m-2 s-1), Cond: stomatal conductance (mol H2O m-2 s-1), Ci: intercellular CO2 viscosity (µmol CO2 mol-1), Trmmol: transpiration rate (mmol H2O m-2 s-1), VpdL: vapor pressure deficiency of leaves (kPa), Tleaf: leaf temperature (°C), ParIn_µm: active radiation of interior photosynthesis (µmol m-2 s-1), and ParOutµm: active radiation of outdoor photosynthesis (µmol m-2 s-1) were all archived. (2) Maize canopy reflectance spectra, leaf photosynthesis and diurnal FPAR change by ASD (Institute of Remote Sensing Applications), 50% grey board (Institute of Remote Sensing Applications), LI-6400 (Institute of Remote Sensing Applications) and SUNSCAN (Beijing academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences). Based on calibration lamp data (serial number: 64831), radiance spectrum on Jul. 9 by 1050 spectrometer (Beijing academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences) and 50% grey board and 99% white board calibration data, the spectrum data were preprocessed. Calibration was undertaken in accordance with the following precedures: a) The original DN was converted into radiance and further into readable EXCEL format by the spectrometer-matched calibration lamp data and ASD. b) Solar radiance was got by 99% white board radiance. solar radiance=the reference board radiance/the reference board reflectance. c) Spectrum from Agriculture and Forestry Sciences was sampled at an interval of 1.438nm, which was made into data at 1nm intervals by segmentation interpolation. d) Based on b=16.087a (where a is radiance before fitting and b after fitting), radiance data got by 68731 spectrograph were processed. The original maize leaf photosynthesis data (by LI-6400) were introduced into EXCEL format, diurnal changes of each leaf were archived as one single unit according to leaf classification. Maize FPAR (the fraction of photosynthetically active radiation) was got by FPAR= (canopyPAR-surface transmissionPAR-canopy reflection PAR+surface reflectionPAR) /canopy PAR; APAR= FPAR×canopy PAR. The unit for PAR was µmol m-2 s-1. The data included number (the whole leaf), observation time (hh:mm:ss), upper light (µmol m-2 s-1), upper reflectivity (µmol m-2 s-1), lower light (µmol m-2 s-1), lower reflectivity (µmol m-2 s-1) and Spread: variation coefficients of the probe optical intensity.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurement synchronizing with Envisat ASAR and MODIS in the arid region hydrological experimental area on May 24, 2008

The dataset of ground truth measurement synchronizing with Envisat ASAR and MODIS was obtained in the arid region hydrological experimental area on May 24, 2008. The Envisat ASAR data were in AP mode and VV/VH polarization combinations, and the overpass time was approximately at 11:34 BJT. Observation items included: (1) The radiative temperature of Reaumuria soongorica and the bare soil in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot (HZZHMYD2)was collected using ThermaCAM SC2000 (1.2m above the ground, FOV = 24°×18°), along the diagonal (NW-SE). The data included raw data (read by ThermaCAM Researcher 2001), recorded data and the blackbody calibrated data (archived as Excel files). (2) The radiative temperature by the automatic thermometer (FOV: 10°; emissivity: 0.95), were measured at nadir with time intervals of one second. Raw data, blackbody calibrated data and processed data were all archived as Excel files. (3) The radiative temperature in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot by the handheld infrared thermometer (which belongs to BNU) along the diagonal (NW-SE). Raw data (.doc), blackbody calibrated data and processed data (in Excel format) were all archived. (4) Soil moisture (0-40cm) by the cutting ring and the soil temperature by the thermocouple thermometer in Yingke oasis and Huazhaizi foci experimental area. Besides, (a) roughness of No. 1 and 2 Huazhizi desert plots was also measured by self-made instruments . Sample points were selected every 30m along the diagonal of each plot. (b) soil profile moisture (0-100cm) and the temperature in the maize field of Yingke oasis. (c) soil profile moisture (0-100cm) and the temperature in one orchard of Yingke Oasis. Data were all archived as Excel files. (5) the photosynthetic rate of alfalfa and barley at Linze grass station by LI-6400. Raw data were archived in the user-defined format (by notepat.exe) and processed data were as Excel files. (6) ground object reflectance spectra of new-born rape and the bare land in Biandukou foci experimental area by ASD FieldSpec (350~2500 nm) from Institute of Remote Sensing Applications (CAS). Raw data were binary files direct from ASD (by ViewSpecPro), and pre-processed data on reflectance were in Excel format. (7) LAI by the measuring tape and the ruler in the alfalfa field of Linze grass station. The maximum length and width of alfalfa leaves and barley were measured. Data were archived as Excel files. (8) surface roughness in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot with the self-made roughness board (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS), the digital camera and the compass. Sample points were selected at equal intervals along the diagonals and marked in the photos.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of evapotranspiration observed by the micro-lysimeter in the Yingke oasis foci experimental area

The dataset of evapotranspiration observed by the micro-lysimeter (d:25cm; h:24cm) was obtained in the Yingke oasis foci experimental area at 6:30am and 8:00pm from Jun. 14 to Jul. 13, 2008. The weather condition of the day was also recorded. Data were archived as Excel files. Observations on Jun. 25 and 26 discontinued.

0 2019-05-23