A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau

This data is derived from the Supplementary Tables of the paper: Chen, F. H., Welker, F., Shen, C. C., Bailey, S. E., Bergmann, I., Davis, S., Xia, H., Wang, H., Fischer, R., Freidline, S. E., Yu, T. L., Skinner, M. M., Stelzer, S., Dong, G. R., Fu, Q. M., Dong, G. H., Wang, J., Zhang, D. J., & Hublin, J. J. (2019). A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau. Nature, 569, 409-412. This research is another breakthrough made by academician Fahu Chen and his team over the years research of human activities and environmental adaptation on the Tibetan Plateau. The research team analyzed the newly discovered hominid mandible fossils in Xiahe County, Gansu Province, China, and identified it belongs to Denisovan of the Tibetan Plateau, which suggested to call Xiahe Denisovan. The team conducted a multidisciplinary analysis of the fossil, including chronology, physique morphology, molecular archaeology, living environment and human adaptation. It is the first Denisovan fossil found outside the Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains and the earliest evidence of human activity on the Tibetan Plateau (160 kyr BP). This study provides key evidence for further study of Denisovans' physical characteristics and distribution in East Asia, it also provides evidence of a deep evolutionary history of these archaic hominins within the challenging environment of the Tibetan Plateau. This data contains 6 tables, table name and contents are as follows: t1: Distances in mm between meshes generated from CT versus photoscans (PS). t2: Measurements of the Xiahe mandible after reconstruction. t3: Comparative Dental metrics. t4: Comparative crown morphology. t5: Uniprot accession numbers for protein sequences of extant primates used in the phylogenetic analyses. t6: Specimen names and numbers.

0 2020-07-15

Dataset of Gansu urban air quality daily (2012-2014)

This data is from the central station of environmental monitoring in gansu province. The data includes three observation elements, namely sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and inhalable particles, which are published on the network. The data format is a text file. The first column is the city name, the second column is sulfur dioxide, the third column is nitrogen dioxide, the fourth column is pm10, and the fifth column is the observation date. The data included lanzhou, jiayuguan, jinchang, baiyin, tianshui, qingyang, pingliang, dingxi, longnan, wuwei, zhangye, jiuquan and linxia. This data will be updated automatically and continuously according to the data source.

0 2020-06-08

Sequence data of Tibetan Pig transcriptome (2019)

This data set is the transcriptome data of Tibetan pigs, which are the control group and the experimental group respectively. There are three individuals in the control group without any treatment. The experimental group is also three individuals. They are attacked with FMDV at the concentration of ID50. All samples are the transcriptome sequence results of the spleen samples of Tibetan pigs. Both the experiment and sample collection were carried out in Lanzhou. The numbers are z1-z6, and each data is divided into R1 and R2, indicating the results of double headed sequencing. Z1-Z3 is the individual results of the control group, and z4-z6 is the individual results of the experimental group. By comparing and analyzing the data of the control group and the experimental group, we can find out the response of the immune system in vivo when FMDV attacks the body of Tibetan pigs, find the immune genes and immune pathways that are activated when FMDV is attacked, find the related genes and pathways for the ability of resistance of Tibetan pigs to FMDV, and increase the immunity to FMDV in the future breeding process of domestic pigs Epidemic ability provides theoretical basis.

0 2020-05-25

Monitoring dataset of Gansu water quality automatic station (2012-2014)

This data is from the central station of environmental monitoring in gansu province. The data includes three observation elements that are disclosed on the network, namely PH, permanganate index and ammonia nitrogen. The data format is a text file. The first column is the city name, the second column is PH, the third column is permanganate index, the fourth column is ammonia nitrogen, and the fifth column is the observation date. The data include 6 sections of gushuizi, niubei village, wufo temple, shichuan bridge, xincheng bridge and bikou. Gansu section of the Yellow River: xincheng bridge (lanzhou upstream section), shichuan bridge (lanzhou - baiyin junction section), wufo temple (gansu-ningxia junction section), niubei village (gansu-shaanxi junction section).Bailong river wudu section :(section of gushuizi village). Lanzhou city bridge automatic water quality monitoring station is located in xigu district, lanzhou city, gansu province.Point coordinates 103 degrees 35 minutes 02 seconds east longitude, 36 degrees 07 minutes 20 seconds north latitude.Yellow River system (Yellow River main stream), state - controlled provincial boundary section.By lanzhou city environmental monitoring station custody.It's 35 kilometers away.Built in March 2001. PH: the index that characterizes the acidity and alkalinity of water. When the pH value is 7, it is neutral, less than 7 is acidic, and greater than 7 is alkaline.The pH value of natural surface water is generally between 6 and 9. When algae grow in the water, they absorb carbon dioxide due to photosynthesis, resulting in an increase in surface pH value. Permanganate index (CODMn) : the amount consumed when treating surface water samples with potassium permanganate as the oxidant, expressed as mg/L of oxygen.Under these conditions, reductive inorganic substances (ferrous salts, sulphides, etc.) and organic pollutants in water can consume potassium permanganate, which is often used as a comprehensive indicator of the degree of surface water pollution by organic pollutants.Also known as the chemical oxygen demand potassium permanganate method, as distinct from the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the potassium dichromate method, which is often used to monitor wastewater discharge. Ammonia nitrogen (nh3-n) : ammonia nitrogen exists in water in the form of dissolved ammonia (also known as free ammonia, NH3) and ammonium salt (NH4+). The ratio of the two depends on the pH value and water temperature of the water, and the content of ammonia nitrogen is expressed by the amount of N element.The main sources of ammonia nitrogen in the water are domestic sewage and some industrial wastewater (such as coking and ammonia synthesis industry) and surface runoff (mainly refers to the fertilizer used in farmland entering rivers, lakes, etc.). This data will be updated automatically and continuously according to the data source.

0 2020-04-01

1:100,000 land use dataset of Gansu Province (1980s)

This data is from "China 1:100,000 land use data".China 1:100,000 land use data was constructed in three years based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM remote sensing data by using satellite remote sensing as a means to organize remote sensing science and technology teams from 19 institutes affiliated to the Chinese academy of sciences (cas) in the "eighth five-year plan" major application project "national macro survey and dynamic research on remote sensing of resources and environment". The 1:100,000 land use data set in gansu province adopts a hierarchical land cover classification system, which divides the whole country into 6 primary categories (arable land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining areas, residential land and unused land) and 31 secondary categories.It is the most accurate land use data product in China and has played an important role in national land resource survey, hydrological and ecological research.

0 2020-04-01

1:100000 landuse dataset of Gansu province (1995)

This data is from "China 1:100,000 land use data".China 1:100,000 land use data was constructed in three years based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM remote sensing data by using satellite remote sensing as a means to organize remote sensing science and technology teams from 19 institutes affiliated to the Chinese academy of sciences (cas) in the "eighth five-year plan" major application project "national macro survey and dynamic research on remote sensing of resources and environment". According to the 1:100,000 landuse data of gansu province, a hierarchical land cover classification system is adopted, which divides the whole country into 6 primary categories (arable land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining areas, residential land and unused land) and 31 secondary categories.It is the most accurate land use data product in China and has played an important role in national land resource survey, hydrological and ecological research.

0 2020-03-31

1:100000 landuse dataset of Gansu province (2000)

This data is from "China 1:100,000 land use data".China 1:100,000 land use data was constructed in three years based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM remote sensing data by using satellite remote sensing as a means to organize remote sensing science and technology teams from 19 institutes affiliated to the Chinese academy of sciences (cas) in the "eighth five-year plan" major application project "national macro survey and dynamic research on remote sensing of resources and environment". According to the 1:100,000 land use data of gansu province, a hierarchical land cover classification system is adopted, which divides the whole country into 6 primary categories (arable land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining areas, residential land and unused land) and 31 secondary categories.It is the most accurate land use data product in China and has played an important role in national land resource survey, hydrological and ecological research.

0 2020-03-31

Associative datas of diversity and environmental factors of grassland main plants functional traits in Heihe River Basin (2013)

Correlation data of vegetation functional traits with topographic factors and pastoral animal husbandry activity factors, including: 1) observation data of main functional traits of 2-3 kinds of grassland plants in elevation, slope and slope upward; 2) correlation analysis data of vegetation functional traits and topographic factors; 3) correlation analysis data between vegetation functional traits and livestock activity intensity factors.

0 2020-03-15

Dataset of reproductive strategies of desert plant population in Hexi region of Gansu province (2004-2006)

The research project on the breeding strategies of desert plants in hexi region of gansu province belongs to the national natural science foundation "environment and ecological science in western China" major research plan, led by professor an lizhe of lanzhou university. The project runs from January 2004 to December 2007. Remittance data of the project: 1. Effect of super - dry preservation on seeds The data is in Word format and contains a lot of analysis charts. A comparative study was conducted on the changes of vitality of overlord seeds and rhizoma coptidis seeds stored at 45℃, room temperature and 15℃ respectively, and the effects of dampening treatment, artificial aging and ultra-dry treatment on electrical conductivity and physiological activity indexes of seeds were conducted.The details are as follows: Energy change of seeds was preserved at 45℃ FIG. 1 germination rate (%) of overlord seeds stored at 45℃、FIG. 2 germination index of overlord seeds stored at 45℃、FIG. 3 vigor index of the seeds stored at 45℃. Change of seed vigor at room temperature FIG. 4 germination rate (%) of overlord seeds stored at room temperature、FIG. 5 germination index of overlord seeds stored at room temperature、FIG. 6 vigor index of overlord seeds preserved at room temperature. 15℃ preservation of seed vitality changes FIG. 7 germination rate of overlord seeds stored at 15℃ (%)、FIG. 8 germination index of alba seeds stored at 15℃、FIG. 9 vigor index of the seeds stored at 15℃. Changes of seed vigor of rhizoma coryzae at 45℃ FIG. 10 germination rate (%) of rhizoma coptidis seeds stored at 45℃、FIG. 11 germination index of the seeds of rhizoma coryzae at 45℃、FIG. 12 vigor index of seeds of corydalis corydalis preserved at 45℃. Changes of seed vigor of rhizoma coryzae at room temperature FIG. 13 germination rate (%) of rhizoma corydalis seeds preserved at room temperature、FIG. 14 germination index of seeds preserved at room temperature、FIG. 15 vigor index of seeds of corydalis corydalis preserved at room temperature Changes of seed vigor of rhizoma corydalis in 15℃ storage FIG. 16 germination rate (%) of rhizoma coptidis seeds stored at 15℃、FIG. 17 germination index of the seeds of rhizoma coptidis preserved at 15℃、FIG. 18 vigor index of seeds of corydalis sativus preserved at 15℃ Effect of slow wetting treatment on relative conductivity of seeds FIG. 28 changes in the relative conductivity of arrobatus seeds without dampening treatment、FIG. 29 changes of relative conductivity of overlord seeds after slow wetting treatment、FIG. 31 changes of relative electrical conductivity of seeds of rhizoma coryzae after dampening treatment Effects of artificial aging treatment on seed of archaea chinensis l FIG. 34 effects of artificial aging treatment on germination rate of overlord seeds、FIG. 35 effect of artificial aging treatment on seed vigor index、FIG. 36 effects of artificial aging treatment on the relative conductivity of overlord seeds Effects of artificial aging treatment on seeds of coryza sativa l FIG. 37 effect of artificial aging treatment on germination rate of seeds of coryza sativa l、FIG. 38 effect of artificial aging treatment on seed vigor index of rhizoma coryzae、FIG. 39 effects of artificial aging treatment on the relative electrical conductivity of the seeds of coryza sativa l Effects of artificial aging on the content of aldehydes in seeds after 15 days FIG. 52 effects of artificial aging treatment on the content of aldehydes in the seeds after 15 day、FIG. 53 effects of artificial aging treatment on the content of aldehydes in seeds of prunus chinense after 15 days, Effect of super - dry treatment on physiological activity index of seed Table 31 effect of super - dry treatment on physiological activity index of monkshood seed Table 32 influence of hyperdrying treatment on physiological activity index of seeds of coryza sativa l 2. Micromorphological and structural characteristics of the skin of desert plants (including experimental conditions, microscopic images of the skin microstructure and analysis of distribution of 47 plants, genus, species code, list of length and weight of long and short axes of seeds, and list of seed elements)

0 2020-03-10

Infiltration test dataset in Heihe watershed of Gansu province (2012)

Data of field hydrogeological double-ring seepage test in 2012 in mamane mountain area, gansu province.The method adopted is the double ring method.Specific test process: fixed head water injection, observation record.According to the ring bottom ruler, keep the fixed head of water injection.Meanwhile, the injected water was observed according to the ruler on the injection plastic bucket, and the recorded time intervals were 5 minutes, 10 minutes, 20 minutes and 30 minutes respectively.Stable water seepage, that is, the completion of the experiment.The relevant permeability parameters are obtained according to darcy's law.

0 2020-03-10