The data set contains the rare animal survey data for the Sanjiangyuan area from 2016 to 2017, including the latitude and longitude of the survey site, the length of the sample line, animal discovery time, animal names, quantity, location of the occurrence, type of habitat, affiliated families, etc.
In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of the main domesticated animals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, clarify their genetic background, and establish the corresponding genetic resource database, the undergraduate team collected local animals in Dali, Yunnan, Shangri La, Mangkang, Luqu, Chayu, Changdu, Hetian and Yili regions from 2018 to 2019 The blood or tissue samples of the animals were collected, and the corresponding individual photos were taken at the same time. Each folder contains a set of photos of local domestic animals and a sample information sheet. Photos are stored in JPG format. The information table records the basic sample information such as species, species, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, and stores them in the form of Excel.
In order to investigate the species, dispersal location and ecological impact of alien fish on the local indigenous fish in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the scientific research team of task 5 sub project 2019qzk05010304 investigated the lower reaches of Lhasa River and Yarlung Zangbo River from 2019 to 2020. This dataset contains a sample information table, which includes fish species, sample point information, sampling time, collector and other basic sample information, and is saved in the form of Excel. A metadata description document, saved in the form of Excel table. 160 photos were saved in JPG format and submitted to the "photo video of the second Qinghai Tibet scientific expedition (2019qzk0501) (2020)" dataset.
From September 5 to September 26, 2020, the bird research team of the Institute of zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, composed of eight people, including Zhang Dezhi, the sub project leader, respectively inspected yadonggou, Yadong County, Xigaze City, chentanggou, Dingjie County, and zhangmugou, Nyalam County, Himalayan region, and successfully completed this year's field research. The observation data is composed of bird species names, observation sites and observation time, including not only the Himalayan region, but also a small number of sites. The collected bird species data were also incorporated into the data set. The corresponding photos and videos were collected into the data set of the animal special topic "the second Qinghai Tibet scientific research plateau animal diversity protection and sustainable use (2019qzk0501) photo and video (2020)".
In order to reveal the spatial pattern of bird diversity distribution and explore the construction mechanism of Himalayan bird community. In 2020, a total of 775 bird survey sites will be collected in Chayu and Motuo counties of Nyingchi Prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region. This data set contains a sample information table, which contains 4029 bird observation data. Each information includes species name, Latin name, sampling place, survey time, investigator, altitude, habitat type, distance from the midpoint and other basic information, which is stored in Excel. The corresponding photos and videos were collected into the data set of the animal special topic "the second Qinghai Tibet scientific research plateau animal diversity protection and sustainable use (2019qzk0501) photo and video (2020)".
In order to study the population evolution history and local adaptive genetic mechanism of main domesticated equine animals in Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, and to establish the corresponding germplasm genetic resource bank. We have sequenced 236 horse samples collected in Qinghai Province, Tibet Autonomous Region and Xinjiang Autonomous Region by the end of 2018, including Tibetan horse, Tibetan donkey, plain domestic donkey and Jiama plain local breed. Seventy five samples (including 73 donkey samples and two horse samples) were sequenced for mitochondrial genome and D-loop sequencing. A number of genomic data were generated by sequencing, which provided data for tracing the domestication, migration, expansion and other historical events of horse domesticated animals in this area, and further exploring the adaptation mechanism of equine animals to the harsh environment such as hypoxia, high temperature and dryness.
In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of main domesticated animals in Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, clarify their genetic background and establish corresponding genetic resource bank. In 2020, a total of 707 blood, tissue and fecal samples from 209 domesticated animals were collected in Ili area of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, including RNA samples of heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney of 12 horses. This data set contains the species, varieties, detailed sampling places, sample types, collection time, collectors, storage methods and other basic sample information of sheep, horses, cattle, dogs, chickens, geese, goats and other species in Yili area of Xinjiang, and is stored in Excel form. This data set also contains the appearance photos of individuals sampled and stored in JPG format.
From April 2020 to August 2020, sub project 3 collected 51 ear tissue samples of Qinghai fine wool sheep distributed in Haiyan County, Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, 50 blood samples of Oula sheep in Tongde County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, 50 blood samples of yak in Tongde County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, 60 blood samples of Haidong donkey in Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County, Xining City, and tissue samples A total of 211 copies. At the same time, the information of body length, body height, weight, age and gender, as well as the data of economic traits such as litter size, wool fineness and wool length were recorded. The individual photos were taken, and the information of feeding mode and epidemic situation were obtained through questionnaire survey.
In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of the main domesticated animals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas (Pan third polar region), and clarify its genetic background. In 2020, we selected 31 RNA tissue samples from kidney, spleen and jejunum of local commercial chicken and native chicken in Kenya. After extracting total RNA, we established a library and performed transcriptome sequencing. Sequencing produced a batch of 180g transcriptome sequencing raw data. In order to explore the domestication, migration, expansion and other historical events of domestic chicken in Pan third pole area, and further explore the adaptation mechanism of domesticated animals to dry and other harsh environment. This data set contains the excel table of basic sample information such as species, breed, sex and phenotype of 31 domestic chicken individuals, and the original data and MD5 value of three tissue transcriptome sequencing of 31 domestic chicken individuals.
In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of main domesticated animals in Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, clarify their genetic background and establish corresponding genetic resource bank. In December 2019, a total of 1208 blood or tissue samples were collected from 254 goats of Chongqing Dazu black goat, Lubei white goat, Hainan black goat, Xuzhou SuBai goat and Yimeng black goat in Chongqing, Shandong, Jiangsu and Hainan, including 9 fresh tissue RNA samples such as heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney. This data set contains the sample species, species, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector, storage method and other basic sample information, which is stored in the form of Excel. The data set also contains the appearance photos of individual species, which are stored in JPG format.