Basic data on nature reserves in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1984-2012)

Among the different regions in China, Tibet contains the largest number of natural ecosystem types. It is an ideal scientific research base and a natural laboratory for the geosciences, biology and other related disciplines. To better protect this precious natural heritage, to develop and utilize the natural resources rationally and to carry out scientific research, 13 national and autonomous regional nature reserves were established in the Tibetan Autonomous Region in 1984, covering an area of 326,000 square kilometres. These reserves account for 49.3% of the total area of nature reserves in China. By the end of 2012, Tibet had established 47 nature reserves of various types, including 9 national reserves, 14 provincial reserves, 3 municipal reserves, and 21 prefectural reserves, with a total area of 412,200 square kilometres. These reserves accounted for 34.35% of the land area of the Tibetan Autonomous Region and include 22 different types of ecological function reserves. The data were extracted from the Chinese Nature Reserve Specimen Information Sharing Infrastructure. Serial number: unified number of nature reserves Name of the nature reserves Administrative region: administrative region of the nature reserves Area (hectare) Primary protection objects Type: Type of nature reserves Class: Class of the nature reserves Established time: The date the nature reserves were established Responsible authority

0 2020-05-28

1:100,000 land use dataset of Tibet Autonomous Region (2000)

This data was derived from "1: 100,000 Land Use Data of China". Based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM remote sensing data, 1: 100,000 Land Use Data of China was compiled within three years by a remote sensing scientific and technological team of 19 research institutes affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, which was organized by the “Remote Sensing Macroinvestigation and Dynamic Research on the National Resources and Environment", one of the major application programs in Chinese Academy of Sciences during the "Eighth Five-year Plan". This data adopts a hierarchical land cover classification system, which divides the country into 6 first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining areas, residential land and unused land) and 31 second-class categories. This is the most accurate land use data product in our country at present. It has already played an important role in national land resources survey, hydrology and ecological research.

0 2020-03-31

Y chromosome SNP and STR data of Tibetans from Lhasa

To investigate the paternal genetic structure of Tibetans from Lhasa, 1029 male samples were collected from Lhasa, Tibet. Firstly, SNP genotyping was performed to allocate samples into haplogroups. To further evaluate the genetic diversity of the major Y-chromosomal haplogroup in Tibetan populations from Lhasa, eight commonly used Y-chromosomal STR (short tandem repeat) loci (DYS19, DYS388, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, and DYS393) were genotyped using fluorescence-labeled primers with an ABI 3130XL Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems, USA). The results indicated that haplogroup D-M174 displayed highest frequency in Lhasa Tibetans (56.56%, the majority of its sublineages were D3*-P99), followed by haplogroups O-M175 (30.71%, with most of the samples belonging to O3a3c1-M117). Another relatively rare lineages in Lhasa Tibetans were N-M231 (5.15%, especially its sublineage N1*-LLY22G), C-M130 (2.62%), R-M207 (2.53%), Q (1.55%), J (0.68%), K-M, and T. Further analysis indicated that the Lhasa Tibetans’ Y chromosome haplogroups have ages within different periods, including >30 kya, LGM, post-LGM, Holocene, indicating occupation of modern humans in different periods.

0 2020-03-19

Data on enterprises above the state-designated scale in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (2000-2016)

The data set contains statistics on enterprises in Tibet over time. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbooks. The table contains 5 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year Field 3: Number of industrial enterprises above the state-designated scale Field 4: Total industrial output value of industrial enterprises above the state-designated scale (current price), unit: 10,000 yuan Field 5: Urban completed investment in fixed assets, unit: 10,000 yuan

0 2019-09-15

Data on rural electronic power, irrigated area, and fertilizer application in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1992-2016)

The data set contains time series data on rural electronic power, irrigated area, and fertilizer application in Tibet from 1992 to 2016. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbooks. The table contains 7 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year Field 3: Number of township hydropower stations Field 4: Capacity of township hydropower stations, unit: 10,000 kilowatt Field 5: Electricity consumption in rural areas, unit: 10,000 kW/h Field 6: Fertilizer application amount, unit: ton Field 7: Effective irrigation area, unit: 1000 hectares

0 2019-09-15

Main per capita social and economic indicators in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1965-2016)

The data set describes the per capita main economic indicators in Tibet from 1965 to 2016, including time series data on the regional GDP, gross agricultural output value, gross industrial output value, grain production, total retail sales of consumer goods, savings account balances, per capita net income of farmers and herdsmen, and per capita net income of employees in the district. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbooks. Table 1: The table of the main per capita economic indicators contains 9 fields. Field 1: Year of the data Field 2: Regional GDP, unit: yuan Field 3: Gross agricultural output value, unit: yuan Field 4: Gross industrial output, unit: yuan Field 5: Grain production, unit: kilograms Field 6: Total retail sales of consumer goods, unit: yuan Field 7: Savings account balance, unit: yuan Field 8: Per capita net income of farmers and herdsmen, unit: yuan Field 9: Per capita net income of employees in the district, unit: yuan Table 2: The table of per capita indicators in each county contains 6 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year of the data Field 3: Per capita grain possession, unit: kilograms Field 4: Per capita GDP, unit: yuan Field 5: Per capita local fiscal revenue, unit: yuan Field 6: Savings account balance of urban and rural residents, unit: 10,000 yuan

0 2019-09-15

The administrative divisions in Tibet Autonomous Region (1992-2016)

The data set records the Chinese name, English name and the affiliation between the districts and counties in Tibet. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. This data set contains two tables: Table 1: The table of administrative divisions in Tibet contains 5 fields. Field 1: Regions Interpretation: Chinese names of the regions Field 2: English names of the regions Interpretation: English names of the regions Field 3: Districts and counties Interpretation: Chinese names of the districts and counties Field 4: English names of the districts and counties Interpretation: English names of the districts and counties Field 5: Land area Unit: square kilometers Table 2: The table of division changes of each county contains 5 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year Field 3: Area Unit: square kilometers Field 4: Number of townships Field 5: Number of Village Committees

0 2019-09-15

Import and export trade data for the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1953-2016)

The data set contains time series data on imports and exports in the Tibetan Autonomous Region from 1953 to 2016, which are presented in both CNY and USD. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. The table contains 7 fields. Field 1: Year Field 2: Gross import and export volume (CNY 10,000.00) Field 3: Gross export volume (CNY 10,000.00) Field 4: Gross import volume (CNY 10,000.00) Field 5: Gross import and export volume (USD 10,000.00) Field 6: Gross export volume (USD 10,000.00) Field 7: Gross import volume (USD 10,000.00)

0 2019-09-15

Basic data on fiscal revenue in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1959-2016)

The data set contains time series data on the local fiscal revenue, state financial subsidy revenue, local fiscal expenditure, and general budget expenditure in the Tibetan Autonomous Region from 1959 to 2016. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbooks. Table 1: The table of total fiscal revenue, expenditure and related indexes contains 9 fields. Field 1: Year of the data Field 2: Total revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 3: Local fiscal revenue of Tibet, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 4: General budget revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 5: State financial subsidy revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 6: Total fiscal expenditure, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 7: General budget expenditure, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 8: Total revenue index, unit: % Field 9: Total expenditure index, unit: % Table 2: The table of fiscal revenue and expenditure for each county contains 5 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year Field 3: Local fiscal revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 4: Local general budget fiscal revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 5: Year-end balance of various loans of financial institutions

0 2019-09-15

Planting area of main crops in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1951-2016)

The data set contains two tables: the table of crop planting area and the table of crop planting area in counties over time. These tables present the statistics of the planting area of various crops and the planting areas in counties in Tibet from 1951 to 2016. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbooks. Table 1: The table of crop planting area contains 14 fields. Field 1: Year of the data Field 2: The total crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 3: Grain crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 4: Hulless barley planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 5: Wheat planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 6: Winter wheat planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 7: Legume planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 8: Root and tuber crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 9: Oil crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 10: Rapeseed planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 11: Peanut planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 12: Other crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 13: Vegetable planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 14: Silage crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Table 2: The table of crop planting area in each county over time contains 7 fields. Field 1: Year of the data Field 2: Districts and counties included in the data Field 3: Crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 4: Grain crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 5: Grain planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 6: Legume planting area, unit: 1000 hectares Field 7: Oil crop planting area, unit: 1000 hectares

0 2019-09-15