This set of data is the simulation result of the newly developed land eco-hydrological model CLM_LTF.This model is on top of the land-surface process model CLM4.5 developed by NCAR, coupling the groundwater lateral flow module and considering the role of human irrigation. The model runs from 1981 to 2013, with a spatial resolution of 30 arc seconds (0.0083 degrees), a time step of 1,800 seconds, and a simulation range of the heihe river basin.Air force in 1981-2012 is used by the Chinese academy of sciences institute of the qinghai-tibet plateau of qinghai-tibet plateau more layers of data assimilation and simulation center development areas of China high space-time resolution ground meteorological elements drive data set, air is forced to use 2013 national meteorological information center of wind pressure high resolution made by the wet precipitation temperature radiation data set.The land cover data is a 1km land cover grid data set for the MICLCover heihe river basin, and the irrigation data is shown in "monthly 30-arcsecond resolution surface water and groundwater irrigation data set for the heihe river basin 1981-2013" of the scientific data center for cold and dry regions.The mode output is the monthly average. The document is described as follows: Groundwater depth data: heihe_zwt.nc 2cm soil moisture data: heihe_h2osoi_2cm. nc 100cm soil moisture data: heihe_h2osoi_100cm.nc Evaporation data: Heihe_evaptanspiration. Nc The data is in netcdf format.There are three dimensions, which are month, lat, and lon. Where, month is a month, and the value is 0-395, representing each month from 1981 to 2013. Lat is grid latitude information, and lon is grid longitude information. The data is stored in the data variable. The underground water depth data is in m, the soil moisture data is in m^3/m^3, and the evapotranspiration data is in mm/month
The data include the collection of elements and isotopes of river water and groundwater (including spring water) in hulugou small watershed of Heihe River. Sampling location: (1) There are two river water sampling points, one of which is located at the outlet weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point is located at the outlet of hulugou area II in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) The sampling points of groundwater spring and well water are located at 20m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of East and West Branch ditches, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. Data Description: 1. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were analyzed. The DOC and DIC values of the samples were tested by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C. 2. From July to September 2014, the δ D and δ 18O values of precipitation, river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed were measured by Picaro l2130-i ultra-high precision liquid water and water vapor isotope analyzer. The results were expressed by δ values relative to the international standard material v-smow, with the measurement accuracy of 0.038 ‰ and 0.011 ‰ respectively. 3. Doc values of river water and soil water at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from May to September 2013 were determined by analytikjena multi n / C 3100 total nitrogen and total carbon tester. 4. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were measured by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C.
11 groundwater level observation logs are arranged in the transition zone from Heihe River to desert oasis in Pingchuan oasis, Linze. From May to July 2012-2013, the groundwater level is monitored three times a month, and the NO3-N content, Cl, SO42 - change are analyzed by sampling once a month.
Data source: simulation results of the Heihe groundwater model from Tsinghua University; Summary of content: 2003-2012 simulation water level of the observation well : the letters indicate the area where the observation well is located (L-Linze, Z-Zhangye, G-Gaotai, J-Jinta, E-Ejina), and the number indicates the number of the observation well. Time range: 2003-2012 month data
Through e-Sense / diver hydrological monitoring equipment and dynamic remote monitoring system, the hydrological monitoring data of key stations in Heihe River Basin in the three years from 2013 to 2015 in non freezing period are obtained, mainly including the temperature and water level of three groundwater (Qilian station, Linze station, Ejina station) and six river surface water (Yingluoxia station, Gaoya station, Zhengyixia station, shaomaying station, langxinshan station, Juyanhai station) According to the data, the time resolution is 1H.
Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of Chinese Cryospheric data. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, to provide parameters and validation data for the development of response and feedback model of frozen soil, glacier and snow cover to global change under GIS framework; on the other hand, it is to systemically sort out and rescue valuable cryospheric data, to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and division for it Analysis tools. The basic datasets of the Tibet Plateau mainly takes the Tibetan Plateau as the research region, ranging from longitude 70 -- 105 ° east and latitude 20 -- 40 ° north, containing the following types of data: 1. Cryosphere data. Includes: Permafrost type (Frozengd), (Fromap); Snow depth distribution (Snowdpt) Quatgla (Quatgla) 2. Natural environment and resources. Includes: Terrain: elevation, elevation zoning, slope, slope direction (DEM); Hydrology: surface water (Stram_line), (Lake); Basic geology: Quatgeo, Hydrogeo; Surface properties: Vegetat; 4. Climate data: temperature, surface temperature, and precipitation. 3. Socio-economic resources (Stations) : distribution of meteorological Stations on the Tibetan Plateau and it surrounding areas. 4. Response model of plateau permafrost to global change (named "Fgmodel"): permafrost distribution data in 2009, 2049 and 2099 were projected. Please refer to the following documents (in Chinese): "Design of Chinese Cryospheric Information System.doc", "Datasheet of Chinese Cryospheric Information System.DOC", "Database of the Tibetan Plateau.DOC" and "Database of the Tibetan Plateau 2.DOC".
Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of cryospheric data over China. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, and provide parameters and verification data for the development of response and feedback models of permafrost, glacier and snow cover to global changes under GIS framework. On the other hand, the system collates and rescues valuable cryospheric data to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and analysis tool. Chinese Cryospheric Information System selected three regions with different spatial scales as its main research areas to highlight the research focus. The research area along the Qinghai-Tibet highway is mainly about 700 kilometers long from Xidatan to Naqu, and 20 to 30 kilometers wide on both sides of the highway. The datasets of the Tibetan highway contains the following types of data: 1. Cryosphere data.Including: snow depth distribution. 2. Natural environment and resources.Include: Digital elevation topography (DEM) : elevation elevation, elevation zoning, slope and slope direction; Fundamental geology: Quatgeo 3. Boreholes: drilling data of 200 boreholes along the qinghai-tibet highway. Engineering geological profile (CAD) : lithologic distribution, water content, grain fraction data, etc 4. Model of glacier mass equilibrium distribution along qinghai-tibet highway: prediction of frozen soil grid data. The graphic data along the qinghai-tibet highway includes 13 map scales of 1:250,000.The grid size is 100×100m. For details, please refer to the documents (in Chinese): "Chinese Cryospheric Information System design. Doc", "Chinese Cryospheric Information System data dictionary. Doc", "Database of the Tibetan highway. Doc".
In the lower reaches of Tarim River, groundwater is the only water source to maintain the survival of natural vegetation. The change of groundwater level directly affects the growth and decline of plants and controls the evolution and composition of plant communities. Strengthening the research on chemical characteristics of groundwater is an important content of water resources quality evaluation, which is of great significance to the utilization mode, sustainable development, management and protection and construction of ecological environment of watershed water resources. Groundwater level data: In order to understand the change of groundwater level in the process of water conveyance in the lower reaches of the Tarim River, nine groundwater monitoring sections (Figure 1) have been established along the water conveyance channel of the lower reaches of the Tarim River-Qiwenkuoer River. Each section has a spacing of about 20 km. Below Daxi Haizi Reservoir, there are 9 sections such as Akdun (A), Yahefu Mahan (B), Yingsu (C), Abodah Le (D), Khaldayi (E), Tuguemaile (F) and Arakan (G), Yigan Buma (H) and Kaogan (1). Among them, the spacing of the last three sections is 45 km. In the horizontal direction, one underground water level monitoring well (well depth 8-17 m) is arranged at intervals of 100 m or 200 m in each section, and a total of 40 underground water monitoring wells are arranged to monitor the underground water level, water and salt dynamic changes and the influence range on the underground water level in each section during the water delivery process to the lower reaches of Tarim River. The monitoring frequency is once a month, and the monitoring frequency is increased during the water delivery process. Groundwater level data are monitored by conductivity method. Observation sections include: 1. Akerdun Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 2. Yahefu Mahan Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 3. Yingsu Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 4. Abodah-Le Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 5. Karadayi Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 6. Tuguemaile Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 7. Arakan Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 8. The lower reaches of Tarim River are not as good as the Ma section 9. Kaogan Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River
In the lower reaches of Tarim River, groundwater is the only water source to maintain the survival of natural vegetation. The change of groundwater level directly affects the growth and decline of plants and controls the evolution and composition of plant communities. Strengthening the research on chemical characteristics of groundwater is an important content of water resources quality evaluation, which is of great significance to the utilization mode, sustainable development, management and protection and construction of ecological environment of watershed water resources. At fixed points and on a regular basis, 40 groundwater level monitoring wells in the lower reaches of the Tarim River were collected with groundwater samples, sealed and sent to the laboratory for chemical analysis. The analysis content includes 13 indexes including salinity, pH, CO3=, HCO3-, Cl-, SO4=, Ca++, Mg++, Na+, K+, etc. The analysis methods are as follows: (1) Salinity: gravimetric method; (2) Total alkalinity, HCO3- and CO3=: double indicator titration; (3) Cl-: silver nitrate titration; (4) SO4 =: EDTA volumetric method and barium chromate photometric method; (5) Total hardness: EDTA volumetric method; (6) Ca++, Mg++: EDTA volumetric method and atomic absorption spectrophotometry;
The data includes the county-level data of characteristic agriculture distribution in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which lays the foundation for the spatial distribution and development of characteristic agriculture in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.