1. Data overview: this data is sampled from June 21, 2012 to August 25, 2012. The sampling frequency is once a week. The sampling point is located at the outlet flow weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. 2. Data content: this data set includes the ammonia nitrogen value, Doc value and anion ion value of river water at the outlet of the basin. Data acquisition means: ammonia nitrogen value is measured by hash DR2800 ultraviolet spectrophotometer; doc value is measured by analytikjena multi n / c3100 total nitrogen and total carbon tester; anion value is measured by 761 / 813 ion chromatograph of Swiss Wantong; cation is measured by iris intrepid Ⅱ xspicp-aes of us thermoelectricity.
This dataset contains the sequence data of the lake core TOC, CaCO₃, particle size and environmental magnetism parameters from 600 years to 1998 of Yamdrog Yumtso in the southern part of the Tibetan Plateau. It is used to study the environmental changes in the Yamdrog Yumtso region in the 1400 years. This data set is obtained from laboratory measurements. The data are obtained immediately after the completion of the instrument or experiment. The samples and data are collected in strict accordance with relevant operating procedures at all stages and comply with the laboratory operating standards. The TOC analysis is undertaken by a CS-344 analyzer, The CaCO₃ content is measured by the general chemical method, the particle size is measured with a Malvern Mastersizer 2000 laser particle sizer, and the environmental magnetism parameters are measured with a Kappa Bridge, DIGICO magnetometer and superconducting magnetometer. The rock core was collected from Chen Co Lake in the Yamdrog Yumtso Basin in the southern part of the Tibetan Plateau; the approximate sampling location is 90.49E, 28.93N, and the lake’s elevation is 4420 m.