Since the formation of heihe, palynology data samples were collected from the borehole formation of dasunken well in the middle reaches of heihe.Borehole location: 39.491 n, 99.605 e.The borehole has a depth of 140 meters and 18 palynological samples are collected from top to bottom. Currently, there are 3 palynological results, which are distributed in each sedimentary phase from top to bottom.Impurities such as carbonate, organic matter and silicate were removed from palynology samples in the laboratory, and the palynology types and data were identified under the microscope.Palynology results mainly included the percentage and number of trees, shrubs, herbs, aquatic and ferns.
1. Data overview Based on the collected statistical yearbooks and survey data of counties and districts in Zhangye City in the middle reaches of Heihe River, the social and economic database in the middle reaches is constructed to reflect the basic situation of regional social economy. 2. Data content The database includes two data sets: (1) statistical yearbook data; (2) survey data of human factors in river basin. The statistical yearbook data mainly includes a number of relevant statistical data such as the gross product, financial revenue, construction of villages and towns, industrial output value, grain output, etc. of Zhangye City and its towns. The survey data of human factors in Heihe River Basin mainly include the survey data of social capital, cultural theory, happiness index and sustainable consumption in Heihe River Basin. 3. Time and space The statistical yearbook data is the statistical data of Ganzhou District, Linze County, Gaotai County, Sunan County, Shandan County, Minle county and towns under the jurisdiction of each county from 1990 to 2010. The survey data of human factors in the basin is the corresponding survey data of counties in the upper, middle and lower reaches in 2005.
DEM (digital elevation model) is the abbreviation of digital elevation model, which is an important original data for watershed terrain and feature recognition. The principle of DEM is to divide the watershed into M rows and N columns of quadrilateral (cell), calculate the average elevation of each quadrilateral, and then store the elevation in a two-dimensional matrix. Because DEM data can reflect the local terrain features of a certain resolution, a large amount of surface morphology information can be extracted by DEM, which includes the slope, slope direction and the relationship between cells of watershed grid unit . At the same time, the surface water flow path, river network and watershed boundary can be determined by certain algorithm. Therefore, to extract basin features from DEM, a good basin structure model is the premise and key of the design algorithm.
The distribution map of irrigation area and main and branch canals in Heihe River basin includes the main irrigation area and the distribution of all main and branch canals in Heihe River Basin. The irrigation area mainly includes Luocheng irrigation area, Youlian irrigation area, Liuba irrigation area, Pingchuan irrigation area, liaoquan irrigation area, Liyuan River irrigation area, yannuan irrigation area, Banqiao irrigation area, Shahe irrigation area, Xijun irrigation area, Yingke irrigation area, Daman irrigation area, Maying River irrigation area, shangsan irrigation area, Xinba irrigation area and Hongyazi irrigation area. The distribution map of main and branch canals includes all the main canals and branch canals of these 16 irrigation areas.
The land use / land cover data set of Heihe River Basin in 2011 is the Remote Sensing Research Office of Institute of cold and drought of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on the remote sensing data of landsatm and ETM in 2011, combined with field investigation and verification, a 1:100000 land use / land cover image and vector database of Heihe River Basin is established. The data set mainly includes 1:100000 land use graph data and attribute data in the middle reaches of Heihe River Basin. The land cover data of 1:100000 (2011) in Heihe River Basin and the previous land cover are classified into six first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural residents, industrial and mining land and unused land) and 25 second-class categories by the same hierarchical land cover classification system. The data type is vector polygon and stored in shape format. Land cover classification attributes: Level 1 type level 2 type attribute code spatial distribution location Cultivated land: plain dry land 123 is mainly distributed in basin, piedmont, river alluvial, proluvial or lacustrine plain (poor irrigation conditions due to water shortage). The upland and land 122 is mainly distributed in the hilly area, and generally, the plot is distributed on the gentle slope of the hill, as well as on the top of the ridge and the base. The dry land 121 is mainly distributed in the mountainous area, the hillside (gentle slope, hillside, steep slope platform, etc.) and the Piedmont belt below 4000 m above sea level. Woodland: there are woodland (Arbor) 21 mainly distributed in high mountains (below 4000 meters above sea level) or middle mountain slopes, valley slopes, mountain tops, plains, etc. Shrub land 22 is mainly distributed in the higher mountain area (below 4500m), most of which are hillside, valley and sandy land. Sparse forest land 23 is mainly distributed in mountainous areas, hills, plains and sandy land, Gobi (Loamy, sandy conglomerate) edge. Other forest lands 24 are mainly distributed around the oasis ridge, riverside, roadside and rural residential areas. Grassland: high cover grassland 31 is generally distributed in mountainous area (gentle slope), hilly area (steep slope), river beach, Gobi, sandy land, etc. The middle cover grassland 32 is mainly distributed in dry areas (low-lying land next door and land between Sandy Hills, etc.). Low cover grassland 33 mainly grows in dry areas (loess hills and sand edge). Water area: channel 41 is mainly distributed in plain, inter Sichuan cultivated land and inter mountain valley. Lake 42 is mainly distributed in low-lying areas. Reservoir pond 43 is mainly distributed in plain and valley between rivers, surrounded by residential land and cultivated land. Glaciers and permanent snow cover 44 are mainly distributed on the top of (over 4000) mountains. The beach land 46 is mainly distributed in the valley, piedmont, plain lowland, the edge of river lake basin and so on. Residential land: urban land 51 is mainly distributed in plain, mountain basin, slope and gully platform. Rural residential land 52 is mainly distributed in oasis, cultivated land and roadside, tableland, slope, etc. Industrial and mining land and traffic land 53 are generally distributed in the periphery of cities and towns, more developed traffic areas and industrial mining areas. Unused land: sand 61 is mostly distributed in the basin, both sides of the river, the river bay and the periphery of the mountain front Gobi. Gobi 62 is mainly distributed in the Piedmont belt with strong wind erosion and sediment transport. Salt alkali 63 is mainly distributed in relatively low and easy to accumulate water, dry lakes and lakeside. Swamp 64 is mainly distributed in relatively low and easy to accumulate water. Bare soil 65 is mainly distributed in the arid areas (mountain steep slopes, hills, Gobi), and the vegetation coverage is less than 5%. Bare rock 66 is mainly distributed in the extremely dry stone mountain area (windy, light rain). The other 67 are mainly distributed in the exposed rocks formed by freezing and thawing over 4000 meters, also known as alpine tundra. Projection parameters: Projection ALBERS Units METERS Spheroid Krasovsky Parameters: 25 00 0.000 /* 1st standard parallel 47 00 0.000 /* 2nd standard parallel 105 00 0.000 /* central meridian 0 0 0.000 /* latitude of projection's origin 0.00000 /* false easting (meters) 0.00000 /* false northing (meters)
1. Data Overview: This data includes groundwater buried depth observation datal from 4 observation points in Ganzhou District of Zhangye Basin in the middle reaches of the Heihe River (The nursery garden of Xindun Town, Suijia temple of Xindun Town, the Wuzhi management house of Dangzhai Town, Shangqin Station of Shangqin Town). The data was obtained from July 12, 2012 to July 5,2014. 2. Data Content: The HOBO water level sensor is installed in the underground well, which is mainly used to monitor the dynamic change of groundwater level in Ganzhou District of Zhangye. The data contents are absolute air pressure (kPa), temperature (°C), and groundwater depth (m). The data was recorded hourly. 3. Time and Space Range: The geographical coordinates of the nursery garden well of Xindun Town (1559 m) : Longitude 100°20.8′E; Latitude: 38°54′N; The geographical coordinates of Suijia temple well of Xindun Town(1518 m) : Longitude: 100°23.9′E; Latitude: 38°54.1′N; The geographical coordinates of Wuzhi management house well of Dangzhai Town (1675 m): Longitude: 100°30.7′E; Latitude: 38°52.8′N; The geographical coordinates of Shangqin Station well of Shangqin Town(1480 m): Longitude: 100°31.7′E; Latitude: 38°54.5′N. Note: The number in brackets is elevation.
We produced surface photosynthetic effective radiation (PAR), solar radiation (SSR) and net radiation (NR) products with 1KM resolution in the heihe basin in 2012.The temporal resolution ranges from instantaneous to hourly and daily.Day-by-day ancillary data were also produced, including aerosol optical thickness, moisture content, NDVI, snow cover, and surface albedo.Among them, PAR and SSR use the method of lookup table to directly invert by combining the stationary weather satellite and polar orbit satellite MODIS product.NR was calculated by analyzing the relationship between net short-wave and net surface radiation.Hourly instantaneous products are weighted by average and integral to obtain hourly and daily cumulative products.
This data includes the general layout of the reconstruction project of the middle reaches of the Heihe River, and describes in detail the water diversion flow, irrigation area and other data of each diversion outlet in the middle reaches of the Heihe River. It is attached with the statistical table of the current situation of the diversion portal (listing the diversion form, bank type, irrigation area name, irrigation area name and diversion flow of all diversion portal), the statistical table of the relative distance of the reconstructed diversion portal in the middle reaches (including the relative distance between the reconstructed diversion portal and Zhengyi gorge, bank type and the distance from the previous one), and the general layout plan of the combined reconstruction of the diversion portal (including the combined one Water diversion type, bank type, irrigation area name, irrigation area and water diversion flow)
This data is SWAT scenario simulation data in the middle and upper reaches of Heihe River Basin. Scenarios include historical trend scenario (HT), ecological protection scenario (EP), strict ecological protection scenario (SEP), economic development scenario (ED) and rapid economic development scenario (red). Firstly, the dyna_clue model is used to simulate the land use change under different scenarios, and then the simulated land use map under different scenarios is imported into the SWAT model to simulate the daily and monthly runoff scenario data of the upstream outlet (Yingluo gorge) and the middle outlet (Zhengyi gorge) of the Heihe River Basin (assuming other conditions are the same). The period is 2011-2030. The data format is excel.
The data set mainly includes the statistical data of annual discharge (monthly average discharge, annual average discharge, annual runoff) and water level (monthly average water level) of Yingluo gorge station, Zhengyi gorge station and Gaoya station. The time coverage of discharge statistical data is 1944-2007 for Yingluo gorge station, 1954-2007 for Zhengyi gorge station and 1956-2003 for Gaoya station, and the three water level data are 1995-2003. The data comes from the hydrological Yearbook. Due to the lack of data, the monthly average flow statistics of Gaoya station were missing from 1956-1976, 1998-2000, and zhengzhengxia station from 1954-1956.