1) Data content (including elements and significance) This data set contains information of flow direction, accumulation of vector river network of Lancang Mekong River Basin. <br><br> 2) Data sources and processing methods In this data set, the remote sensing stream buring (RSSB) method (Wang et al., 2021) is adopted, and the high-precision elevation model MERIT-DEM and Sentinel-2 optical imagery are fused. <br><br> 3) Data quality description Validations show that this data set has high spatial accuracy (Wang et al, 2021). <br><br> 4) Data application achievements and Prospects This data set provides basic information of river networks, which can be used for hydrological model, land surface model, earth system model, as well as for mapping and spatial statistical analysis.
This dataset contains daily 0.01°×0.01° land surface soil moisture products in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 2005, 2010, 2015, 2017, and 2018. The dataset was produced by utilizing the multivariate statistical regression model to downscale the “SMAP Time-Expanded 0.25°×0.25° Land Surface Soil Moisture Dataset in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (SMsmapTE, V1)”. The auxiliary datasets participating in the multivariate statistical regression include GLASS Albedo/LAI/FVC, 1km all-weather surface temperature data in western China by Ji Zhou, and Lat/Lon information.
This data set is the data set of Lake elements in Hoh Xil area of Qinghai Province, which records the main lake characteristics and water quality sampling and analysis data in detail. There are many lakes in Hoh Xil area of Qinghai Province, which is one of the concentrated distribution areas of lakes in Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The basic characteristics of Lake Development in this area are: large quantity, many types and complex structure. According to preliminary statistics, there are 107 lakes with an area of more than 1km2, with a total area of 3825km2 and a lake degree of about 0.05. The original data of the data set is digitized from the book "natural environment of Hoh Xil region in Qinghai Province", which includes 35 main lake characteristic data and 60 lake water chemical analysis data. This data set provides basic data for the study of Hoh Xil area in Qinghai Province, and has reference value for the research in related fields.
This data is a simulated output data set of 5km monthly hydrological data obtained by establishing the WEB-DHM distributed hydrological model of the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River, using temperature, precipitation and pressure as input data, and GAME-TIBET data as verification data. The dataset includes grid runoff and evaporation (if the evaporation is less than 0, it means deposition; if the runoff is less than 0, it means that the precipitation in the month is less than evaporation). This data is a model based on the WEB-DHM distributed hydrological model, and established by using temperature, and precipitation (from itp-forcing and CMA) as input data, GLASS, MODIA, AVHRR as vegetation data, and SOILGRID and FAO as soil parameters. And by the calibration and verification of runoff，soil temperature and soil humidity, the 5 km monthly grid runoff and evaporation in the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River from 1998 to 2017 was obtained. If asc can't open normally in arcmap, please delete the blacks space of the top 5 lines of the asc file.
The matching data of water and soil resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the potential evapotranspiration data calculated by Penman formula from the site meteorological data (2008-2016, national meteorological data sharing network), the evapotranspiration under the existing land use according to the influence coefficient of underlying surface, and the rainfall data obtained by interpolation from the site rainfall data in the meteorological data, are used to calculate the evapotranspiration under the existing land use according to the different land types of land use According to the difference, the matching coefficient of water and soil resources is obtained. The difference between the actual rainfall and the water demand under the existing land use conditions reflects the matching of water and soil resources. The larger the value is, the better the matching is. The spatial distribution of the matching of soil and water resources can pave the way for further understanding of the agricultural and animal husbandry resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
This data set includes the monthly average actual evapotranspiration of the Tibet Plateau from 2001 to 2018. The data set is based on the satellite remote sensing data (MODIS) and reanalysis meteorological data (CMFD), and is calculated by the surface energy balance system model (SEBS). In the process of calculating the turbulent flux, the sub-grid scale topography drag parameterization scheme is introduced to improve the simulation of sensible and latent heat fluxes. In addition, the evapotranspiration of the model is verified by the observation data of six turbulence flux stations on the Tibetan Plateau, which shows high accuracy. The data set can be used to study the characteristics of land-atmosphere interaction and the water cycle in the Tibetan Plateau.
Based on the Tibetan Plateau wetland pattern in the 1970s interpreted using the Mire Map of China compiled by the scientific expeditions and the Tibetan Plateau wetland pattern in the 2000s interpreted using Landsat TM (resolution: 30 m) satellite image data, The Mire Map of China in the 1970s was interpreted. Visual interpretation of Landsat TM images from 2006 to 2009: a) Based on the natural zoning of the whole district, the interpretation keys of different wetland types were established with reference to the data obtained by different physical geography units and actual surveys. b) Based on the established interpretation keys, wetlands with an area greater than 10 square kilometers were primarily extracted by artificial visual interpretation method (excluding permanent, seasonal rivers and riverbeds). c) According to the interpretation results in combination with the topographic map (resolution: 90 m) of the study area and the actual situation of the wetland plaque investigation within the study area, the plaque modification and supplementation were artificially carried out. The data of the 1970s were obtained by interpretation of the Mire Map of China compiled by the Tibetan Plateau scientific expeditions of the Changchun Institute of Geography. The wetland data of the 2000s was derived from Landsat TM (resolution: 30 m) satellite image data. The data are of good quality.
This data set comes from the book: glaciers in Hengduan Mountain area, which belongs to the series of scientific investigation in Hengduan Mountain Area of Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The chief editor is Li Jijun, the deputy chief editor is Su Zhen, and the guiding unit is Institute of geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The investigation team referred to in the book is the comprehensive investigation team of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the publishing house is the Science Press. The data are collected from the table data and picture data in the sample collection and analysis of the book. This book is one of the series of scientific investigation in Hengduan Mountain Area of Qinghai Tibet Plateau. In this book, samples of glacier ice, snow, water and atmospheric precipitation are collected systematically, and chemical analysis of the collected samples is carried out by using different methods.
Daily precipitation data was reconstructed for streamflow simulation in the entire UB by combining orographic and linear correction approaches based on 262 gauge observations. The reconstructed precipitation is used to drive the VIC hydrological model linked with a temperature-index model (VIC-Glacier) , and is inversely evaluated by comparing with observed discharge, glacier area changes, and MODIS-based snow cover faction (SCF) data in the upper Brahmaputra Basin.
This data is from the hydrological station of kafinigan River, a tributary of the upper Amu Darya River. The station is jointly built by Urumqi Institute of desert meteorology of China Meteorological Administration, Institute of water energy and ecology of Tajik National Academy of Sciences and Tajik hydrometeorological Bureau. The data can be used for scientific research such as water resources assessment and water conservancy projects in Central Asia. Data period: November 3, 2019 to December 3, 2020. Data elements: Hourly velocity (M / s), hourly water level (m) and hourly rainfall (m). Site location: 37 ° 36 ′ 01 ″ n, 68 ° 08 ′ 01 ″ e, 420m 1、 300w-qx River velocity and water level observation instrument （1） Flow rate parameters: 1 power supply voltage 12 (9 ~ 27) V (DC) The working current is 120 (110 ~ 135) MA 3 working temperature (- 40 ~ 85) ℃ 4 measurement range (0.15 ~ 20) m / S The measurement accuracy is ± 0.02m/s The resolution is less than 1 mm The detection range is less than 0.1 ~ 50 m 8 installation height 0.15 ~ 25 m 9 sampling frequency ＜ 20sps （2） Water level parameters: 1 measuring range: 0.5 ~ 20 m The measurement accuracy is ± 3 mm The resolution is less than 1 mm The repeatability was ± 1 mm 2、 SL3-1 tipping bucket rain sensor 1. Water bearing diameter Φ 200mm 2. The measured precipitation intensity is less than 4mm / min 3. Minimum precipitation of 0.1 mm 4. The maximum allowable error is ± 4% mm 3、 Flow velocity, frequency of data acquisition of the observation instrument: the sensor measures the flow velocity and water level data every 5S 4、 Calculation of hourly average velocity: the hourly average velocity and water level data are obtained from the average of all the velocity and water level data measured every 5S within one hour 5、 Description of a large number of values of 0 in water level data: the value of 0 in water level data is caused by power failure and restart of sensor due to insufficient power supply. The first data of initial start-up is 0, resulting in the hourly average value of 0. After the power supply transformation on July 26, 2020, the data returned to normal. At the end of September 2020, the power supply began to be insufficient. After the secondary power supply transformation on December 25, 2020, the data returned to normal 6、 Description of water level monitoring (such as line 7358, 2020 / 11 / 3, 16:00, maximum water level 6.7m, minimum water level 0m, how to explain? In addition, the maximum value of the highest water level is 6.7m, which appears many times in the data. It seems that 6.7m is the limit value of the monitoring data. Is this the case? ）: 6.7m is the height from the initial sensor to the bottom of the river bed. The appearance of 6.7m is the abnormal data when the sensor is just started. The sensor is restarted due to the power failure caused by the insufficient power supply of the equipment. This abnormal value appears in the initial start-up. After the power supply transformation on December 25, 2020, the data returns to normal