WATER: Dataset of surface roughness measurements in the Huazhaizi desert steppe foci experimental area

The dataset of surface roughness measurements by phototaking was obtained in the Huazhaizi desert steppe foci experimental area. Observation items included: (1) Surface roughness synchronizing with ASAR and MODIS in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot on May 24, 2008. (2) Surface roughness synchronizing with WiDAS in Huazhaizi desert No. 1 plot on May 30, 2008. The self-made roughness reference board (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS), the digital camera and the compass were used. Sample points were selected at equal intervals along the diagonals and marked in the photos.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dateset of surface roughness measurements in the Biandukou foci experimental area

The dateset of surface roughness measurements was obtained in the Biandukou foci experimental area. With the roughness grid board 110cm long and the measuring intervals of 1cm, the samples were collected along the soil surface from south to north and from east to west, respectively. The coordinates of the sample would be got with the help of ArcView; and after geometric correction, surface height standard deviation (cm) and correlation length (cm) could be acquired based on the formula listed on pages 234-236, Microwave Remote Sensing, Vol. II. The original photos of each sampling point, surface height standard deviation (cm) and correlation length (cm) were included. The roughness data files were initialized by the sample name, which was followed by the serial number, the name of the file, standard deviation and correlation length. Each .txt file is matched with one sample photo and standard deviation and correlation length represent the roughness. In addition, the length of 101 needles is also included for further checking.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of airborne L-band microwave radiometer and thermal imager mission in the Binggou-A'rou flight zone in the afternoon of Apr. 1, 2008

The dataset of airborne L-band microwave radiometer and thermal imager mission was obtained in the Binggou-A'rou flight zone in the afternoon of Apr. 1, 2008. The frequency of L bands was 1.4 GHz with back sight of 35 degree and dual polarization (H&V) was acquired. The plane took off at Zhangye airport at 12:48 (BJT) and landed at 16:35 along the scheduled lines at the altitude about 5000m and speed about 260km/hr.. The raw data include microwave radiometer (L) data, thermal imager data (7.5-13 um; FOV: 24×18º) and GPS data; the first were instantaneous non-imaging observation recorded in text, which could be converted into brightness temperatures according to the caliberation coefficients (filed with raw data together), and the third are aircraft longitude, latitude and attitude. Moreover, based on the respective real-time clock log, observations by the microwave radiometer and GPS can be integrated to offer coordinates matching for the former. Yaw, flip, and pitch motions of aircraft were ignored due to the low resolution of microwave radiometer observations. Observation information can also be rasterized, as required, after calibration and coordinates matching. L band resolution (x) and footprint can be approximately estimated as x=0.3H (H is relative flight height). The thermal imager was 320*240 pixels and with FOV of 24×18º. The thermal imager data were stored in binary format with a text header file. The recorded value was brightness temperature at sensor with scale and gain parameter recorded in the header file. And the thermal images were not geometrically corrected because there were gaps between sequential images.

0 2019-05-23