HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (cosmic-ray soil moisture of Daman Superstation, 2016)

The data set contains cosmic ray instrument (CRS) observations from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016.The station is located in gansu province zhangye city da man irrigated area farmland, under the surface is corn field.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.3722e, 38.8555n, and 1556m above sea level. The bottom of the instrument probe is 0.5m from the ground, and the sampling frequency is 1 hour. Original observations of cosmic ray instruments include: voltage Batt (V), temperature T (c), relative humidity RH (%), pressure P (hPa), fast neutron number N1C (hr), thermal neutron number N2C (hr), fast neutron sampling time N1ET (s) and thermal neutron sampling time N2ET (s).The data published are processed and calculated. The data headers include Date Time, P (pressure hPa), N1C (fast neutron number/hour), N1C_cor (fast neutron number/hour with revised pressure) and VWC (soil volume moisture content %). The main processing steps include: 1) data filtering There are four criteria for data screening :(1) data with voltage less than and equal to 11.8 volts are excluded;(2) remove the data of air relative humidity greater than and equal to 80%;(3) data whose sampling interval is not within 60±1 minute are excluded;(4) the number of fast neutrons removed changed by more than 200 in one hour compared with that before and after.In addition, the missing data was supplemented by -6999. 2) air pressure correction According to the fast neutron pressure correction formula mentioned in the instrument instruction manual, the original data were revised to obtain the revised fast neutron number N1C_cor. 3) instrument calibration In the process of calculating soil moisture, N0 in the calculation formula should be calibrated.N0 is the number of fast neutrons under the condition of soil drying. The measured soil moisture (or through relatively dense soil moisture wireless sensor) m (Zreda et al. Here, according to Soilnet soil water data in the source area of the instrument, the instrument was calibrated to establish the relationship between soil volumetric water content v and fast neutrons.Selection of dry and wet conditions are the obvious difference of June 26, 2012-27 and July 16-17, four days of data, including June 26-27 rate data showed that soil moisture is small, so the selection of 4 cm, 10 and 20 cm as the rate of the three values of average data, its range is 22% 30%, and July 16-17 rate data showed that soil moisture is bigger, so select 4 cm and 10 cm as two value average rate data, the range of 28% - 39%, final N0 an average of 3597. 4) soil moisture calculation According to the formula, the hourly soil water content data were calculated. Please refer to Liu et al. (2018) for information of hydrometeorological network or site, and Zhu et al. (2015) for observation data processing.

0 2020-04-10

HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (cosmic-ray soil moisture of Daman Superstation, 2015)

The data set contains cosmic ray instrument (CRS) observations from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015.The station is located in dachman super station, dachman irrigation district, zhangye city, gansu province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.3722e, 38.8555n, and 1556m above sea level. The bottom of the instrument probe is 0.5m from the ground, and the sampling frequency is 1 hour. Original observations of cosmic ray instruments include: voltage Batt (V), temperature T (c), relative humidity RH (%), pressure P (hPa), fast neutron number N1C (hr), thermal neutron number N2C (hr), fast neutron sampling time N1ET (s) and thermal neutron sampling time N2ET (s).The data published are processed and calculated. The data headers include Date Time, P (pressure hPa), N1C (fast neutron number/hour), N1C_cor (fast neutron number/hour with revised pressure) and SW (soil volume moisture content %). The main processing steps include: 1) data filtering There are four criteria for data screening :(1) data with voltage less than and equal to 11.8 volts are excluded;(2) remove the data of air relative humidity greater than and equal to 80%;(3) data whose sampling interval is not within 60±1 minute are excluded;(4) the number of fast neutrons removed changed by more than 200 in one hour compared with that before and after.In addition, the missing data was supplemented by -6999. 2) air pressure correction According to the fast neutron pressure correction formula mentioned in the instrument instruction manual, the original data were revised to obtain the revised fast neutron number N1C_cor. 3) instrument calibration In the process of calculating soil moisture, N0 in the calculation formula should be calibrated.N0 is the number of fast neutrons under the condition of soil drying. The measured soil moisture (or through relatively dense soil moisture wireless sensor) m (Zreda et al. Here, according to Soilnet soil water data in the source area of the instrument, the instrument was calibrated to establish the relationship between soil volumetric water content v and fast neutrons.Selected dry wet condition are the obvious difference of June 26-27 and July 16-17, four days of data, including June 26-27 rate data showed that soil moisture is small, so the selection of 4 cm, 10 and 20 cm the three values of average as calibration data, the change range of 22% to 30%, and July 16-17 rate data showed that soil moisture is bigger, so select 4 cm and 10 cm as two value average rate data, the range of 28% - 39%, final N0 an average of 3597. 4) soil moisture calculation According to the formula, the hourly soil water content data were calculated. Please refer to Liu et al. (2018) for information of hydrometeorological network or site, and Zhu et al. (2015) for observation data processing.

0 2020-04-10

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (cosmic-ray soil moisture of Daman Superstation, 2014)

This data set contains cosmic ray instrument (CRS) observations from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014.The station is located in gansu province zhangye city da man irrigated area farmland, under the surface is corn field.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.3722e, 38.8555n, and 1556m above sea level. The bottom of the instrument probe is 0.5m from the ground, and the sampling frequency is 1 hour. The original observations of the cosmic ray instrument (CRS1000B) included: voltage Batt (V), temperature T (c), relative humidity RH (%), pressure P (hPa), fast neutron number N1C (hr), thermal neutron number N2C (hr), fast neutron sampling time N1ET (s) and thermal neutron sampling time N2ET (s).The data published are processed and calculated. The data headers include Date Time, P (pressure hPa), N1C (fast neutron number/hour), N1C_cor (fast neutron number/hour with revised pressure) and VWC (soil volume moisture content %). The main processing steps include: 1) data filtering There are four criteria for data screening :(1) data with voltage less than and equal to 11.8 volts are excluded;(2) remove the data of air relative humidity greater than and equal to 80%;(3) data whose sampling interval is not within 60±1 minute are excluded;(4) the number of fast neutrons removed changed by more than 200 in one hour compared with that before and after.In addition, the missing data was supplemented by -6999. 2) air pressure correction According to the fast neutron pressure correction formula mentioned in the instrument instruction manual, the original data were revised to obtain the revised fast neutron number N1C_cor. 3) instrument calibration In the process of calculating soil moisture, N0 in the calculation formula should be calibrated.N0 is the number of fast neutrons under the condition of soil drying. The measured soil moisture (or through relatively dense soil moisture wireless sensor) m (Zreda et al. (1) Where m is mass water content, N is the number of fast neutrons after revision, N0 is the number of fast neutrons under dry conditions, a1=0.079, a2=0.64, a3=0.37 and a4=0.91 are constant terms. Here, the instrument was calibrated according to Soilnet soil water data in the source area of the instrument, and the relationship between soil volumetric water content (v) and fast neutrons was established according to the actual situation. In formula (1), m was replaced by v.Selected dry wet condition are the obvious difference of June 26-27 June and July 16 - July 17 four days of data, including June 26-27 rate data showed that soil moisture is small, so the selection of 4 cm, 10 and 20 cm as the rate of the three values of average data, its range is 22% 30%, and July 16 - July 17 rate data showed that soil moisture is bigger, so select 4 cm and 10 cm as two value average rate data, the range of 28% - 39%,Finally, the average values of crs_a and crs_b, N0, were 3252 and 3597, respectively. 4) soil moisture calculation According to formula (1), the hourly soil water content data is calculated. Please refer to Liu et al. (2018) for information of hydrometeorological network or site, and Zhu et al. (2015) for observation data processing.

0 2020-04-10

Dataset of parameterization scheme of distributed eco-hydrological model

This data set is a database for the application of SWAT Model in the upper reaches of Heihe River and the source area of the Yellow River, mainly including soil and vegetation, and DEM. There are many parameters involved in soil and vegetation, including conventional soil physical and chemical parameters, vegetation parameters and biomass parameters. The determination method of parameter value includes sampling measurement, literature and other related databases, as well as calculation through related software. As the soil and vegetation database of SWAT model involves comprehensive parameters, most of them can also be used as reference for other ecological and hydrological models driving data besides SWAT model.

0 2020-04-09

Dataset of IWEMS (Integrated Wind-Erosion Modelling System) in the Kubuqi Desert

I. Overview This data set contains the terrain data, soil data, meteorological data, land use data, NDVI data, etc. required for the operation of the IWEMS model. All maps and relevant point coordinates (weather stations) use the isometric projection UTM / WGS94 coordinate system. Ⅱ. Data processing description All maps and related point coordinates (weather stations) use the isometric projection UTM / WGS84 coordinate system. Ⅲ. Data content description The data content mainly includes: The basic terrain data includes the Cuneiform Desert (DEM) and the river network. The river network is used as the boundary for wind and sand transmission. The size of the DEM grid is 250 * 250 m. The river network was extracted using the ASTER-GDEM terrain data with the river burning method. Soil data, including soil physics, chemistry, and spatial distribution of soil types. It is derived from 1: 1 million soil database of China and converted to ESRI-grid format with a grid size of 250 * 250 m. Meteorological data, including daily data from Baotou, Dongsheng and Linhe meteorological stations around the Kubuqi Desert, from 2002 to 2010. Includes precipitation, wind speed and wind direction data. Land use data, 2000 land use data, scale is 1: 100,000. Convert it to ESRI-grid format with a grid size of 250 * 250 m. Ⅳ. Data usage description Evaluate wind and sand hazards along the Yellow River, estimate the amount of wind and sand entering the upper reaches of the Yellow River, and provide data support for establishing an early warning system for wind and sand hazards in the region.

0 2020-04-07

Basic dataset of soil over the Great Lakes in Central Asia - Soil (2015)

Soil is mineral particles of different sizes formed by weathering of rocks. Soil not only provides nutrients and water for crops, but also has a transforming effect on various nutrients. In addition, the soil also has a self-cleaning function, which can improve organic matter content, soil temperature and humidity, pH value, anion and cation. The soil pollution causes several environmental problems: industrial sewage, acid rain, exhaust emissions, accumulations, agricultural pollution. After the land is polluted, the contaminated tops with high concentration of heavy metals are easily entered under the action of wind and water. Other secondary ecological and environmental problems such as air pollution, surface water pollution, groundwater pollution and ecosystem degradation in the atmosphere and water.he data set comes from the World Soil Database (Harmonized World Soil Database version 1.1) (HWSD) UN Food and Agriculture (FAO) and the Vienna International Institute for Applied Systems Research Institute (IIASA) constructed, which provides data model input parameters for the modeler, At the same time, it provides a basis for research on ecological agriculture, food security and climate change.

0 2020-04-06

Soil texture dataset of hwsd in Qaidam River basin (2009)

The dataset is the HWSD Soil texture data set of the qaidam basin. The data is from the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD) constructed by the United Nations food and agriculture organization (FAO) and Vienna institute for international applied systems (IIASA), which was released in version 1.1 on March 26, 2009.The data resolution is 1km.The main soil classification system adopted is fao-90.The main fields in the soil property list include SU_SYM90 (soil name in the FAO90 soil classification system) SU_SYM85(FAO85 classification) T_TEXTURE(top layer soil texture) (19.5);ROOTS: String(deep classification of obstacles to the bottom of the soil);SWR: String (soil moisture content characteristics);ADD_PROP: Real (specific type of soil in a soil unit related to an agricultural use);T_GRAVEL: Real (percent by volume);T_SAND: Real;T_SILT: Real (silt content);T_CLAY: Real;T_USDA_TEX: Real (USDA soil texture classification);T_REF_BULK: Real (soil bulk density);T_OC: Real (organic carbon content);T_PH_H2O: Real T_CEC_CLAY: Real;T_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of soil) T_BS: Real (basic saturation);T_TEB: Real (commutative base);T_CACO3: Real (carbonate or lime content) T_CASO4: Real (sulfate content);T_ESP: Real (exchangeable sodium);T_ECE: Real.The attribute field beginning with T_ represents the upper soil attribute (0-30cm), and the attribute field beginning with S_ represents the lower soil attribute (30-100cm) (FAO 2009).This data can provide model input parameters for earth system modelers, and agricultural perspectives can be used to study eco-agricultural zoning, food security and climate change.

0 2020-04-06

1:100000 desert sand distribution data set of Qaidam River Basin (2000)

Data for 100000 desert map qaidam river basin, cutting since China 1:100000 desert sand data set, the data of TM images in 2000 data sources, to interpret, extraction, revision, using remote sensing and geographic information system technology combining 1:100000 scale mapping, the desert, sand and gravel gobi for thematic mapping.The desert codes are as follows: mobile sandy land 2341010, semi-mobile sandy land 2341020, semi-fixed sandy land 2341030, gobi desert 2342000, saline alkaline land 2343000.

0 2020-04-06

Dataset of vegetation regulation mechanism of soil water cycle in arid desert area (2002-2005)

The vegetation regulation mechanism project of soil water cycle in arid desert areas belongs to the national natural science foundation "environment and ecological science in western China" major research plan, led by li xinrong, a researcher of the institute of environment and engineering in dry and cold areas, Chinese academy of sciences, with the running time of 2003.1-2005.12. Remittance data of the project: 1. Dataset of observation field of shapotou railway vegetation sand fixation protection system (excel) Plant and soil information in the vegetation-sand fixation zone established in 1956, 1964, 1981 and 1987.Since the establishment of the observation field, long-term soil moisture and vegetation surveys have been conducted. This database records the soil moisture data after the neutron tube installation in August 2002, the vegetation data from 2003 to 2005 (vegetation structure, herb structure, shrub structure, etc.), and the soil physical and chemical properties data (particle size, total N,P2O5,K2O, hydrolyzed N) of the irregular surveys. 2. Physiological data set of desert plant stress (excel) From 2003 to 2005, the physiological and biochemical characteristics of typical plant communities and their dominant species in steppe desert under natural and simulated environmental conditions were analyzed.(including photosynthetic transpiration, fluorescence, biochemistry and other indicators) 3. Soil infiltration and evapotranspiration data set (excel) Precipitation infiltration process, soil water dynamics and evapotranspiration of fixed sand dunes monitored by desert artificial vegetation using TDR and Lysimeters from 2002 to 2005. 4. Data set of comprehensive survey on soil and vegetation in the southeastern margin of tengger desert (excel) In 2003-2004, silver (sichuan), yan (latour) highway, silver (sichuan) (state) highway through the tengger desert area, set up along the road of eight samples, 449 samples of soil conductivity, Ph, organic matter, total nitrogen (content) and vegetation (plants, coverage, average height, biomass, strains, coverage, high average, biomass).

0 2020-04-04

The impact of agricultural development on watershed scale water cycle and eco-environmental effect in Northwest Oasis projects collection data

The project on the impact of agricultural development in northwest Lvzhou on watershed scale water cycle and eco-environmental effects belongs to the major research program of "Environmental and Ecological Science in Western China" sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation. The person in charge is Professor Kang Shaozhong of Northwest China Agriculture and Forestry University. The project runs from January 2003 to December 2005. Data collected from this project: soil experimental data of Shiyang River Basin, including: 1. Saturated hydraulic conductivity (excel table): includes four fields: number, sampling point, measured value and saturated hydraulic conductivity. 2. Conductivity (excel table): including number, sampling point, measured value, temperature, temperature correction value and conductivity. 3. Original indoor infiltration data (excel table): including number, time, cumulative value and reading. 4. Field Infiltration Data (excel Form): Including Number, Time, Cumulative Value and Reading. 5. Sampling point of horizontal infiltration data (excel form): including time, measuring cylinder (ml), wetting peak (ml), wet weight, dry weight, box weight and distance. 6. soil particle analysis (excel form): including numbers, > 0.25 mm, < 0.05 mm, < 0.01 mm, < 0.005 mm, < 0.001 mm. 7. Soil moisture characteristic curve (excel table): including soil weight and drying weight when the pressure of pressure membrane instrument is 0,0.05,0.1,0.3,0.5,0.8,1.5,3,5,14.4. 8. Organic matter (excel form): including number, sampling point, amount of soil taken (G), titration amount (ml) 9. Sampling Point Coordinates (excel Form)

0 2020-04-02