Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Yulei station on Qinghai lake, 2019)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Yulei station on Qinghai lake from October 23 to December 31, 2019. The site (100° 29' 59.726'' E, 36° 35' 27.337'' N) was located on the Yulei Platform in Erlangjian scenic area, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3209m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 12 and 12.5 m above the water surface, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 14 m above the water surface, towards north) , rain gauge (TE525M; 10m above the water surface in the eastern part of the Yulei platform ), four-component radiometer (NR01; 10 m above the water surface, towards south), one infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 10 m above the water surface, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (LI190SB; 10 m above the water surface, towards south), water temperature profile (109, -0.2, -0.5, -1.0, -2.0, and -3.0 m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_12 m, Ta_12.5 m; RH_12 m, RH_12.5 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_14 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_14 m) (°) , precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) (μmol/ (s m-2)), water temperature (Tw_20cm、Tw_50cm、Tw_100cm、Tw_200cm、Tw_300cm) (℃). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The other data in addition to the four-component radiation data during January 1 to October 12 were missing because the malfunction of datalogger. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018-1-1 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.

0 2020-07-01

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of the temperate steppe, 2019)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient from April 26 to December 31 in 2019. The site (100°14'8.99"E, 37°14'49.00"N) was located in the south of Sanjiaocheng sheep breeding farm, Gangcha County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3210m.The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5, 10 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5, 10m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; towards north), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -5.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -5.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m, WD_10 m) (°), precipitation (rain) (mm), air pressure (press) (hpa), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_400cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_400cm) (%, volumetric water content). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30.

0 2020-07-01

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Alpine meadow and grassland ecosystem Superstation, 2019)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of the Alpine meadow and grassland ecosystem Superstation from September 3 in 2018 to December 31 in 2019. The site (98°35′41.62″E, 37°42′11.47″N) was located in the alpine meadow and alpine grassland ecosystem, near the SuGe Road in Tianjun County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3718m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 10m of the platform in west by north of tower), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m, Ta_15 m, Ta_20 m, Ta_30 m, and Ta_40 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m, RH_15 m, RH_20 m, RH_30 m, and RH_40 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m, Ws_15 m, Ws_20 m, Ws_30 m, and Ws_40 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m, WD_10 m, WD_15 m, WD_20 m, WD_30m, and WD_40 m) (°), precipitation (rain) (mm), air pressure (press) (hpa), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_400cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_400cm) (%, volumetric water content). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.

0 2020-07-01

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Subalpine shrub, 2019)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of the Subalpine shrub from April 28 to December 31, 2019. The site (100°6'3.62"E, 37°31'15.67"N) was located in the subalpine shrub ecosystem, near the Gangcha County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3495m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5 and 10 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5 and 10 m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 2 m of the platform in west by north of tower), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, and Ta_10 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, and RH_10 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, and Ws_10 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m and WD_10 m) (°), precipitation (rain) (mm), air pressure (press) (hpa), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_500cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_500cm) (%, volumetric water content). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.

0 2020-06-30

MODIS multi-spectral remote sensing images dataset of 15 key node regions of Pan third pole (2000-2016)

The MODIS Terra MOD09A1 Version 6 product provides an estimate of the surface spectral reflectance of Terra MODIS Bands 1 through 7 corrected for atmospheric conditions such as gasses, aerosols, and Rayleigh scattering. Along with the seven 500 m reflectance bands is a quality layer and four observation bands. For each pixel, a value is selected from all the acquisitions within the 8-day composite period. The criteria for the pixel choice include cloud and solar zenith. When several acquisitions meet the criteria the pixel with the minimum channel 3 (blue) value is used.Based on MCD12Q1 data from 2001 to 2016, MatLab was used to tailor the masks of 18 key nodes in Southeast Asia and middle East. Finally. This dataset is based on the data of MOD09A1 V6 synthesized in 8 days from 2001 to 2016 downloaded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The spatial resolution is 500 meters, and MatLab is used to mask cut the data in the research area, and Finally, the land cover data of 18 key nodes from 2001 to 2016 were obtained.. The 18 key regions covered by the data mainly include: Bangkok, Port of Myanmar, Chittagong, Colombo, Dhaka, Gwadar, Hambantot, Huangjing and Malacca, Kwantan, Maldives, Mandalay, Sihanouk, Vientiane, Yangon, etc.).

0 2020-06-18

The presert state map of land use over Yinchuan (1:500,000)

This data is digitized from the "Yinchuan Land Use Status Map" of the drawing, which is a key scientific and technological research project in the "Seventh Five-Year Plan" of the country: "Three North" Shelter Forest Remote Sensing Comprehensive Survey, one of the series maps of Ganqingning Type Area, with the following information: * Chief Editor: Wang Yimou * Deputy Editors: Feng Yushun, You Xianxiang, Shen Yuancun * Editors: Wang Xian, Wang Jingquan, Qiu Mingxin, Quan Zhijie, Mou Xindai, Qu Chunning, Yao Fafen, Qian Tianjiu, Huang Autonomy, Mei Chengrui, Han Xichun, Li Yujiu, Hu Shuangxi * Responsible Editor: Huang Meihua * Editorial: Feng Yushun and Yao Fafen * Compilation: Yao Fafen, Li Zhenshan, Wang Xizhang, Zhu Che, Ma Bin, Yang Ping * Editors: Feng Yushun and Wang Yimou * Qing Hua: Wang Jianhua, Yao Fafen, Ma Bin, Li Zhenshan * Cartographic unit: compiled by Desert Research Office of Chinese Academy of Sciences * Publishing House: Xi 'an Map Publishing House * Scale: 1: 500000 * Publication time: not yet available 2. File Format and Naming Data is stored in ESRI Shapefile format, including the following layers: Desertification type map (desert), Yinchuan landuse map (landuse), railway, residential _ poly, residential, River, Road, Water_poly 3. Data Fields and Attributes Type number land_type Desert shape Paddy field Paddy field 12 Irrigated field 131 Plain non-irrigated field Valley non-irrigate field Slope non-irrigated field, 133 slope dryland 134 dryland Terrace non-irrigat field 14 Vegetable plot vegetable plot 15 Abandoned farmland Orchard orchard 31 Woodland ......... Specific attribute contents refer to data documents 2. Projection information: Angular Unit: Degree (0.017453292519943295) Prime Meridian: Greenwich (0.000000000000000000) Datum: D_Beijing_1954 Spheroid: Krasovsky_1940 Semimajor Axis: 6378245.000000000000000000 Semiminor Axis: 6356863.018773047300000000 Inverse Flattening: 298.300000000000010000

0 2020-06-11

The landuse map of Dunhuang at 1:500,000 scale

This data is the dunhuang land use status map digitized from the drawings. This map is one of the key scientific and technological research projects of the seventh five-year plan of China: comprehensive remote sensing survey of shelterbelt in the third north, and one of the series maps of the type area of gan qingning. The information is as follows: * chief editor: wang yimou, * deputy chief editor: feng yusun, you xianxiang, shenyuan village *, qing painting: wang jianhua, yao fafen, Yang ping * drawing: feng yu-sun, yao fa-fen, wang jianhua, zhao yanhua, li weimin * cartographic unit: desert laboratory, Chinese academy of sciences * publishing house: xi 'an map publishing house 2. File format and naming The data is stored in ESRI Shapefile format, including the following layers: Dunhuang land use status map, rivers, roads, lakes, railways, residential land, reservoirs, desertification 3. Data fields and properties Type code land resource class (Land_type) 12. Irrigated field 31 Woodland 311 Woodland 312 Joe irrigation mixed forest land (tree-shurb mixed) 321 Shrub land (Shrub) Sparse shrub 33 Sparse woods In winter and spring of 4111 Meadow grassland, Meadow grassland in the spring and winter) 4112 winter and spring of salinization meadow grassland, Saline meadow grassland in the spring and winter) 4112 winter and spring of salinization meadow grassland, Saline meadow grassland in the spring and winter) In winter and spring of 4113 salt meadow grassland (Salty soil meadow grassland in the spring and winter) 4122 gritty desert grassland autumn grass (Gravely desert - steppe grassland in autumn and winter) 4124 mountain desert grassland winter and spring pastures (Mountainous desert - steppe grassland in winter and spring) 4134 four seasons mountain desert grassland, Mountainous desert steppe in four seasons) Sandy desert steppe in autumn and winter Gravely desert steppe in autumn and winter Earthy desert steppe in four seasons Alpine steppe in four seasons 51 Urban and town land 52 Village land 73 Reservoir and pond 74 Reed marshes Tidal flat 81 Desert land 82 Saline-alkali land 83 Marshes 84 Sandy land Sandy flat and dry valley 86 Bare land 87 Gobi Gobi 88 Exposed rock Flat sandy land Compound dunes Undulatory sand-overlying land Dunes and barchan chain The sand ridge (Longitudinal dune) Check dune

0 2020-06-11

1:100,000 landuse dataset of Sichuan province (2000)

This data was derived from "1: 100,000 Land Use Data of China". Based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM remote sensing data, 1: 100,000 Land Use Data of China was compiled within three years by a remote sensing scientific and technological team of 19 research institutes affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, which was organized by the “Remote Sensing Macroinvestigation and Dynamic Research on the National Resources and Environment", one of the major application programs in Chinese Academy of Sciences during the "Eighth Five-year Plan". This data adopts a hierarchical land cover classification system, which divides the country into 6 first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining areas, residential land and unused land) and 31 second-class categories. This is the most accurate land use data product in our country at present. It has already played an important role in national land resources survey, hydrology and ecological research.

0 2020-06-11

1:100,000 land use dataset of Sichuan province (1995)

This data was derived from "1: 100,000 Land Use Data of China". Based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM remote sensing data, 1: 100,000 Land Use Data of China was compiled within three years by a remote sensing scientific and technological team of 19 research institutes affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, which was organized by the “Remote Sensing Macroinvestigation and Dynamic Research on the National Resources and Environment", one of the major application programs in Chinese Academy of Sciences during the "Eighth Five-year Plan". This data adopts a hierarchical land cover classification system, which divides the country into 6 first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining areas, residential land and unused land) and 31 second-class categories. This is the most accurate land use data product in our country at present. It has already played an important role in national land resources survey, hydrology and ecological research.

0 2020-06-11

Land cover data of the Belt and Road's region (Version 1.0) (2015)

Based on 2015 ESA global land cover data (ESA GlobCover, 300 m grid), combined with the Tsinghua university global land cover data (FROM GLC, 30 m grid), NASA MODIS global land cover data (MCD12Q1, 300 m grid), the United States Geological Survey (USGS global land data (GFSAD30, 30 m), Japanese global forest data (PALSAR/PALSAR - 2, 25 m), we build the LUCC classification system in the Belt and Road's region and the rest of the data transformation rules of the classification system. We also build the land cover classification confidence function and the rules of fusing land classification to finish the integration and modification of land cover products and finally completed the land use data in the Belt and Road's region V1.0 (64 + 1 countries, 2015, 1 km x 1 km grid, the first level classification).

0 2020-06-11