The accuracy of tropical cyclone (tropical storm) track forecasting improved by nearly 50% for lead times of 24–72 h since 1990s. Over the same period forecasting of tropical cyclone intensity showed only limited improvement. Given the limited prediction skill of models of tropical cyclone intensity based on environmental properties, there have been a wealth of studies of the role of internal dynamical processes of tropical cyclones, which are largely linked to precipitation properties and convective processes. The release of latent heat by convection in the inner core of a tropical cyclone is considered crucial to tropical cyclone intensification. 16-year satellite-based precipitation, and clouds top infrared brightness temperature were used to explore the relationship between precipitation, convective cloud, and tropical cyclone intensity change. The 6-hourly TC centers were linearly interpolated to give the hourly and half hourly tropical cyclone center positions, to match the temporal resolution of the precipitation and clouds top infrared brightness temperature. More precipitation is found as storms intensify, while tropical cyclone 24 h future intensity change is closely connected with very deep convective clouds with IR BT < 208 K. Intensifying tropical cyclones follow the occurrence of colder clouds with IR BT < 208 K with greater areal extents. As an indicator of very deep convective clouds, IR BT < 208 K is suggested to be a good predictor of tropical cyclone intensity change（Ruan&Wu，2018，GRL）. The properties of the satellite-based precipitation, and clouds top infrared brightness temperature are therefore suggested to be important measurements to study tropical cyclone intensity, intensity change and their underlying mechanisms. The high resolution of the satellite-based precipitation (3h), and cloud top infrared brightness temperature (half hour) datasets also makes them possible to be used to study tropical cyclone variability associated with diurnal cycle.
Water scarcity，food crises and ecological deterioration caused by drought disasters are a direct threat to food security and socio-economic development. Improvement of drought disaster risk assessment and emergency management is now urgently required. This article describes major scientific and technological progress in the field of drought disaster risk assessment. Drought is a worldwide natural disaster that has long affected agricultural production as well as social and economic activities. Frequent droughts have been observed in the Belt and Road area, in which much of the agricultural land is concentrated in fragile ecological environment. The percentage of precipitation anomaly is the percentage of the precipitation between a certain period of time and the average climate precipitation of the same period divided by the average climate precipitation of the same period.Based on the daily rainfall data of GPM IMERG Final Run(GPM), this data set calculates the precipitation of the corresponding region, adopts the evaluation index of precipitation anomaly percentage grade, and analyzes the distribution characteristics of drought of different grades. The data area is 34 key nodes of the pan-third pole (Abbas, Astana, Colombo, Gwadar, Mamba, Tehran, Vientiane, etc.).
Data set of surface inundation caused by historical extreme precipitation evaluated the surface inundation range of One Belt And One Road key areas under extreme precipitation, providing a basis and reference for the decision-making of local government departments, so as to give early warning before the occurrence of extreme precipitation and reduce the loss of life and property caused by extreme precipitation.This data set to the extreme precipitation threshold set "and" the extreme precipitation recognition "as the foundation, to confirm the extreme precipitation time node and the area, and then to NASA's web site to download the submerged range products corresponding to the time and region, combining ArcGIS spatial analysis was used to connect the above data, build the data sets of historical extreme precipitation caused surface submerged range for 34 key nodes. The data mainly includes 34 key nodes (Vientiane, China-Myanmar oil and gas pipeline, China-Laos Thai-Cambodia railway, Alexandria, Yangon, Kwantan, Kolkata, Warsaw, Karachi, Yekaterinburg, Yekaterinburg and other regions).
Under the background of global warming, the frequency and intensity of drought are increasing. The lack of water resources, food crisis and ecological deterioration (such as desertification) caused by drought disasters directly threaten the national food security and social and economic development. The technical level of drought disaster risk assessment and emergency management needs to be improved. One belt, one road area has one belt, one road area is fragile, agricultural land is concentrated and drought is frequent. Monitoring the drought level and its temporal and spatial changes in large areas by using remote sensing satellites is of great scientific and practical significance for scientifically grasping the drought pattern, regional differentiation characteristics and its impact on agricultural land in the "one belt and one road" area. The percentage of precipitation anomaly reflects the deviation degree between the precipitation of a certain period and the average state of the same period, expressed as a percentage. Based on the daily rainfall data of GPM imerg final run (GPM), the precipitation of corresponding area is calculated. The distribution characteristics of drought of different grades are analyzed by using the grade evaluation index of precipitation anomaly percentage. The spatial resolution is 200m. The data area is 34 key nodes of Pan third pole (Abbas, Astana, Colombo, Gwadar, Mengba, Teheran, Vientiane, etc.).