1、 Data Description: data includes doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed from July to September 2015. The sampling frequency is once every two weeks. 2、 Sampling location: (1) there are two river water sampling points. The first sampling point is located at the hydrological section at the outlet of hulugou Small Watershed at the upper reaches of Heihe River, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point of the river is located at the outlet of hulugou area II at the upper reaches of Heihe River, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) Underground water spring and well water sampling points. The spring sampling point is located at 20 m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of the East and West Branch ditches, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. 3、 Test method: Doc and DIC values of samples were measured by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, detection range: 2ppb c-30000ppm C.
MA Rui HU Yalu
This data was compiled by Qiu Baoming, Gao Qianzhao, Peng Qilong, etc. of Lanzhou Desert Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and published by Xi'an map publishing house in 1988 (Qiu Baoming, etc., 1988). The grassland is mainly divided into eleven categories: swamp grassland, low humidity grassland, plain desert grassland, plain semi desert grassland, desert riverside sparse forest shrub grassland, mountain desert grassland, mountain semi desert grassland, mountain grassland grassland, mountain meadow grassland, mountain meadow grassland, mountain shrub meadow grassland and ancillary grassland. Property fields include: Grassland code, type, and subclass.
The data is the digitization of the Heihe River basin part of the 1:1 million Vegetation Atlas of China, 1:1000, 000 Vegetation Atlas of China is edited by academician Hou Xueyu, a famous vegetation ecologist (Hou Xueyu, 2001). It is jointly compiled by more than 250 experts from 53 units such as research institutes of Chinese Academy of Sciences, relevant ministries and commissions, relevant departments of various provinces and regions, colleges and universities. It is another summative achievement of vegetation ecologists in China over 40 years after the publication of monographs such as vegetation of China Basic map of natural resources and natural conditions of the family. It is based on the rich first-hand information accumulated by vegetation surveys carried out throughout the country over the past half century, and the materials obtained by modern technologies such as aerial remote sensing and satellite images, as well as the latest research achievements in geology, soil science and climatology. It reflects in detail the distribution of vegetation units of 11 vegetation type groups, 796 formations and sub formations of 54 vegetation types, horizontal and vertical zonal distribution laws, and also reflects the actual distribution of more than 2000 dominant species of plants, major crops and cash crops in China, as well as the close relationship between dominant species and soil and ground geology. The atlas is a kind of realistic vegetation map, reflecting the recent quality of vegetation in China.
Data overview: This set of data mainly includes perennial River, seasonal river, river trunk, surface main channel, surface branch channel and other water system conditions in the Heihe River Basin. The data base year is 2009. Data preparation process: obtained from 1:100000 topographic map and 2009 TM remote sensing image digitization. Data content description: the data mainly has three important attributes, namely, grade, GB and name. The river classification is based on the Strahler classification method, and the final level of the main stream reaches seven levels. River coding is based on the national basic geographic information element dictionary. The standard of basic geographic information element data dictionary is adopted.
National Basic Geographic Information Center
This data mainly includes the distribution of city, county, township and village level residential areas in the Heihe River Basin, and the data base year is 2009. The data is based on the existing data of residential areas in Heihe River Basin, the latest Google electronic map and the atlas of Gansu Province. There are two main attributes of the data, i.e. residential area classification and total name. The residential area classification is classified according to level 1 - City, level 2 - County, level 3 - Township and level 4 - village.
National Basic Geographic Information Center
SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) is by NASA and the national geospatial intelligence agency (NGA) cooperation to build the global 3 d graphics data project.In February 2000, the SRTM system mounted on the U.S. space shuttle endeavour collected radar image data between latitude 60 ° north and latitude 57 ° south, and acquired radar image data covering more than 80% of the world's land surface.After more than two years of processing, the digital terrain elevation model was made. This data set including the heihe river basin SRTM points picture and Mosaic two kinds of data, and the points of the graph is SRTM version 4 data by the CGIAR - CSI (international centre for tropical agriculture, http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org/) treatment, compared with the previous version has greatly improved, including: 1) use a lot of interpolation algorithm, 2) use more auxiliary DEM data to fill the blank spots and blank area, 3) compared with the third version of the data and migration half a yuan.The Mosaic map is obtained by splicing on the basis of sub-map. The sub-charts include srtm_56_04,srtm_56_05,srtm_57_04 and srtm_57_054. The data are 16 bit values representing the elevation value (-/+/32767 m). The maximum positive elevation is 9000 m and the maximum negative elevation is 12,000 m below sea level.Null data is identified by -32767.Divide the file into 24 rows (-60 to 60 degrees) and 72 columns (-180 to 180 degrees) per 5 latitude and longitude squares.
In April 1999, Landsat 7 was launched. As a supplement and enhancement to the Landsat series, the sensor it carried was ETM+. The parameters of each band were close to those of Landsat 5, but the resolution of panchromatic band with a resolution of 15m was added, and the resolution of thermal infrared band was improved to 60m. At present, there are 85 ETM + data scenes in heihe river basin.Data acquisition time is 1999-07-07, 1999-09-23 (2 scenes), 1999-10-18, 1999-11-26, 2000-01-20, 2000-04-20, 2000-05-06 (2 scenes), 2000-05-20, 2000-06-14 (2 scenes), 2000-07-07 (2 scenes), 2000-07-08, 2000-08-10, 2000-10-02, 2000-10-11,2000-10-13, 2001-05-25, 2001-07-03, 2001-08-20 (2 king), 2001-10-23, 2002-05-03, 2002-05-28, 2002-06-13, 2002-06-29, 2002-07-24, 2004-12-11, 2005-07-23, 2005-09-09, 2005-10-09, 2006-05-07,2006-05-21, 2006-06-24, 2006-07-26, 2006-08-25, 2006-12-01, 2007-08-12, 2008-01-05, 2008-02-06, 2008-03-25, 2008-05-10, 2008-05-19, 2008-05-28, 2008-06-04, 2008-07-15 (2 scenes), 2008-07-22, 2008-08-16 (4 scenes),2008-08-30, 2008-09-08, 2008-09-15, 2008-09-17, 2008-10-01, 2008-10-10 (2 scenes), 2008-10-19 (3 scenes), 2008-10-26 (3 scenes), 2008-11-02, 2008-11-04 (4 scenes), 2008-11-18, 2008-11-20 (4 scenes), 2008-11-27 (3 scenes), 2008-12-04, 2008-12-062008-12-13 (3 scenes).
The source data of this data set comes from the 1:1 million soil map of China (Shi et al., 2004) and 8595 soil sections in the second Soil Census. The polygonal connection method is used to connect the soil profile with the soil map to obtain the soil sand, silt and clay content map. The distance between the profile and the map spot, the number of soil profiles and the information of soil classification are taken into account. Please refer to related papers and web pages for specific instructions. Data characteristics Projection: GCS_Krasovsky_1940 Coverage: Heihe River Basin Resolution: 0.00833 degrees (about one kilometer) Data format: FLT, tiff Value range: 0% - 100% Document description Floating point grid files include: Sand1.flt, clay1.flt - content of sand and clay in the surface layer (0-30cm). Sand2.flt, clay2.flt - sand and clay content in the bottom layer (30-100cm). Psd.hdr – header file: Ncols - number of columns Nrows - number of rows Xllcorner - lower left latitude Yllcorner - lower left longitude Cellsize - cell size NoData_Value – null byteorder - LSBFIRST, Least Significant Bit First TIFF grid files include: Sand 1.tif, clay 1.tif - the content of sand and clay in the surface layer (0-30cm). Sand 2.tif, clay 2.tif - sand and clay content in the bottom layer (30-100cm). For data details, please refer to: http://globalchange.bnu.edu.cn/research/soil
SHANGGUAN Wei DAI Yongjiu
Data overview: this set of data mainly includes the spatial distribution of major roads in the heihe river basin, the attributes include road classification and road coding, and the data base year is 2010. Data preparation process: this set of data is based on the topographic map, remote sensing image and the latest road traffic map updated by the transportation department of gansu province in 2009. Data description: there are two important attributes of the data, namely, road classification and road code. The road classification is divided into national road, provincial road, county road, township road and private road. The road code is defined in accordance with the highway grade code of the traffic department.
WU Lizong Nian Yanyun
This data set includes the information of 21 conventional meteorological observation stations in Heihe River Basin and its surrounding areas, of which Wutonggou and Quixote stations have been cancelled in the 1980s, and other stations have operated since the establishment of the station. Station name, longitude and latitude 1. Mazong mountain 97.1097 41.5104 2. Yumen town 97.5530 39.8364 3. Wutonggou 98.3248 40.4697 4. Jiuquan 98.4975 39.7036 5. Jinta 98.9058 39.9988 6. Dingxin 99.5117 40.3080 7. Gaotai 99.7907 39.3623 8. Linze 100.165 39.1385 9. Sunan 99.6178 38.8399 10. Yeniugou 99.5830 38.4167 11. Tole 98.0147 39.0327 12. Ejina Banner 101.088 41.9351 13. Guaizi Lake 102.283 41.3662 14. Zhangye 100.460 38.9124 15. Shandan 101.083 38.7746 16. Folk music 100.826 38.4376 17. Alxa Right Banner 101.429 39.1407 18. Yongchang 101.578 38.1771 19. Qilian 100.238 38.1929 20. Gangcha 100.111 37.2478 21. Menyuan 101.379 37.2513 22. Gekkot 99.7063 41.9183 23. Jiayuguan 98.2241 39.7975
National Meteorological Information Center
Heihe river basin is the second largest inland river basin in China. In the past 30 years, a relatively perfect drainage observation system has been established in heihe river basin, which has become an important inland river research base in China.River basin is an important natural research unit, but the boundary of heihe river basin is not unified. In order to facilitate the use of data by users, we collected and sorted out 5 kinds of heihe river basin boundaries commonly seen in the literature: 1) from 1985 to 1986, China began to conduct systematic research on the heihe river basin as a whole. On the basis of basic investigation and a large number of data mastered, the early heihe river basin map was drawn with an area of 138,900 km ^ 2.The whole basin is divided into three hydrologic balance zones, which are: the balance zone of heihe main stream system, the balance zone of beida river main stream system and the balance zone of ma ying - feng leshan front water system. 2) sub project national key scientific research project of the ninth five-year plan "in heihe river basin water resources reasonable use and the economic society and ecological environment coordinated development research", considering the integrity of the county-level administrative units, on the basis of the first basin boundary using the administrative boundary of basin boundary was revised, formed the "digital heihe" published information system (http://heihe.westgis.ac.cn) of the heihe river basin boundary, watershed area of 128700 km ^ 2.The division of hydrological unit inherits the original idea and is divided into three river systems, namely the eastern river system, the central river system and the western river system. 3) in the comprehensive control plan of heihe river basin of the ministry of water resources, the area of heihe river basin is determined as 142,900 km ^ 2, and the hydrologic unit is divided into two independent water systems in the central and western regions and the east, with an area of 27,000 km2 and 116,000 km ^ 2 respectively. 4) in 2002-2006 in the national integrated water resources planning, "the Yellow River" (piece of) integrated water resources planning working group in 2005, the establishment "the northwest rivers and water resources and its exploitation and utilization of investigation evaluation report, briefly, to the secondary and tertiary area as the unit of water resources, to complete a series of natural geography and social economy statistical tables, maps and other data.In this comprehensive plan, the area of heihe river basin is about 151,700 km ^ 2, and the plan does not give a more detailed sub-watershed division plan. 5) based on the high-precision digital elevation model (SRTM and ASTER GDEM), the boundary of heihe river basin was determined by using the GIS hydrologic analysis method.The boundary has been verified by remote sensing and field investigation, and the present situation of modern water resources utilization is considered in the process of basin boundary determination and sub-basin division.
WU Lizong WANG Jianhua Nian Yanyun
China's administrative regions are basically divided into three levels: provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government), counties (autonomous counties, cities), townships (nationality townships, towns). In order to meet the needs of user statistics and cartography, we have published 1:1 million national administrative division data sets according to the national basic geographic information center. The administrative division data of Heihe River Basin were prepared. This data reflects the current situation of administrative divisions in Heihe River basin around 2008, including the information of provincial, regional and county-level administrative divisions. Its main attributes (such as area, code of administrative divisions, province (autonomous region), city (region, autonomous prefecture)) come from China's administrative divisions published in 2008.
This data is based on the 1:50,000 and 1:100,000 base maps of hexi and ejin by lanzhou institute of desert research, Chinese academy of sciences, and compiled by supplementary investigation.(1) land type map of zhangye region of gansu province and alashan right banner of Inner Mongolia (Chen longheng, 1:250,000);(2) soil map of beidahe river basin (li fuxing, Yang constituent system, 1:100,000);(3) land type map of ejin banner delta in Inner Mongolia (ejin banner delta research team, lanzhou desert research institute, Chinese academy of sciences, 1:250,000).The drawing USES the basic map data, the field route investigation mainly, the aerial photograph, the guardian photograph interpretation combination method.This chart by li fuxing, qiu baoming compilation, zhang ziyu participated in the work;Drawing for peng shilong, wang xizhang, guo yingsheng.The soil classification research group of nanjing institute of soil research, Chinese academy of sciences and li jin provided the classification and mapping specifications.According to the Chinese soil classification system and the field conditions, the soil in heihe river basin is divided into 8 soil classes, 12 subclasses, 23 soil classes and 60 subclasses.Its purpose is to reflect the main soil types, combinations and distribution rules of the region, and reflect the regional characteristics of the soil, comprehensively demonstrate the generalization of soil resources, and provide the basic scientific basis for the estimation and evaluation of the quantity and quality of land resources, the rational utilization of land resources and the rational redistribution of water resources basins.See attachment for soil data type attributes.
LI Fuxing LIU Chao
At the lower reaches of Heihe River near ulantuge, Ejina oasis, 50m, 300m, 2200m, 2700m, 3200m, 3700m away from the river bank along the vertical direction, Groundwater depth observation well is arranged at 4300m; 10 vegetation investigation sample plots are arranged corresponding to the observation well location, and ecological measurement indexes such as species composition, individual number, coverage and height of typical communities at different distances along the river channel are investigated; the investigation time is in the middle of July 2011 and 2012.
Since October 2010, underground water depth observation logging is set at 50m, 300m, 2200m, 2700m, 3200m, 3700m and 4300m away from the river bank in the direction of vertical river channel near ulantuge, Ejina oasis at the lower reaches of Heihe River. The dynamic measurement is carried out with hobo automatic water level gauge. The measurement index is the underground water level (burial depth), and the data time scale is the monthly scale.
This data set is the multispectral data used to retrieve 30 meter Lai and fAPAR products in 2012. It is obtained by the environmental satellite CCD sensor with a resolution of 30 m and four bands. This data set has been geometric corrected, radiometric corrected and converted into reflectivity image.
Based on the "China Meteorological science data sharing service network", the daily data sets of five meteorological observation stations since 1951-2012 have been sorted out. It is mainly the daily data set of five base ground meteorological observation stations and automatic stations since 1951, including daily average pressure, maximum pressure, minimum pressure, average temperature, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, average wind speed, maximum wind speed and direction, maximum wind speed and direction Sunshine hours and precipitation.
Based on the "western data center", the daily discharge from three field observation stations (zamashk, Yingluoxia, Qilian) since 1990-1995 is sorted out.
The social accounting matrix, also known as the national economy comprehensive matrix or the national economy circulation matrix, uses the matrix method to connect the various accounts of the national economy systematically, represents the statistical index system of the national economy accounting system, and reflects the circulation process of the national economy operation. It uses the matrix form to arrange the national accounts orderly according to the flow and stock, domestic and foreign. The data reflects the balanced value of social accounting matrix in Gaotai County.
Vegetation index (NDVI) can be used to detect vegetation growth state, vegetation coverage and eliminate some radiation errors. The data set is the NDVI product data synthesized by MODIS in 500 meters and 16 days in the black river basin from 2000 to 2010 after graphic processing, and the no-value zone is -32768.The coordinate system is the longitude and latitude projection, and the spatial range is 96.5E -- 102.5E, 37.5N -- 43N.The data format is GEOTIFF.