The dataset of spectral reflectance observations was obtained by ASD (Analytical Sepctral Devices) in the Yingke oasis and Huazhaizi desert steppe foci experimental areas. Reflectance was calculated based on the equation R = (DN1/DN0)×R0, DN1 indicating DN of the targets, R0 and DN0 the reflectance and DN of the grey board. The reflectance spectra of maize and wheat canopy, the component leaf of the maize and BRDF in Yingke oasis maize field, Yingke oasis wheat field, Huazhaizi desert maize field, the transect spectrum in Huazhaizi desert No. 1 and 2 plots and Linze and Biandukou foci experimental area were measured on May 20, 24, 25, 28 and 30, Jun. 1, 4, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 23, 24, 26, 29 and 30, Jul. 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 and 11, 2008. Four ASD devices were used, from Peking University (350-2500nm), Institute of Remote Sensing Applications (350-2500nm), Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences (350-1065nm) and BNU respectively. The reference boards were 40%, 50% and 99%. The above spectral reflectance dataset was synchronizing with WiDAS (Wide-angle Infrared Dual-mode line/area Array Scanner), OMIS-II and various spaceborne sensors. Raw data were binary files direct from ASD (by ViewSpecPro), and pre-processed data on reflectance were in Excel format.
ZHOU Hongmin Gai Yingchun LI Xin GUANG Jie Wen Jianguang ZHANG Yang FAN Wenjie Liu Liangyun
This data is the water level data of 2011-2012, which is observed by water level recorder. From July 14 to September 9, 2011, the observation was recordered every five minutes; from June 4 to July 10, 2012, the observation was recordered every ten minutes. The data content is the temperature and atmospheric pressure inside the hole, and the data is the daily scale data. The data shall be opened with HOBO software.
ZHAO Chuanyan MA Wenying
Data of four hydrogeological boreholes constructed in the badain jaran desert area of alxa right banner in 2013 are provided, including borehole construction reports, borehole location plans and borehole profiles.Adopt the core of quaternary and bedrock, install the filter tube at the bottom of the well, wash the well. Quantity of work: 4 boreholes with Numbers of K1, K2, K3 and K4.The total footage is designed according to 240 m, with an average single hole depth of 60 m. The actual depth control standard is the exposure of bedrock.
WANG Xusheng HU Xiaonong
In 2007, 2008 and 2009, ENVISAT ASAR data 179 scenes, covering the whole Heihe River Basin. Among them, there were 63 in 2007, 71 in 2008 and 45 in 2009. Imaging mode and acquisition time are respectively: app can select polarization mode from August 15, 2007 to December 23, 2007, from January 02, 2008 to December 202009-02-15, 2008 to September 06, 2009; imp imaging mode from June 19, 2009 to July 12, 2009; WSM wide mode from January 1, 2007 to December 302008-01-01, 2007 to November 28, 2008, from March 13, 2009 to May 22, 2009. The product level is L1B, which is amplitude data without geometric correction. The ENVISAT ASAR remote sensing data set of Heihe comprehensive remote sensing joint experiment is mainly obtained through the China EU "dragon plan" project (Project No.: 5322 and 5344); the WSM wide model data in 2007 and January 2008 are obtained from Professor Bob Su of ITC; the 8-view app can be purchased from the earth observation and digital earth center of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences
1. Data overview The data set of the base camp integrated environmental observation system is a set of ENVIS (IMKO, Germany) which was installed at the base camp observation point by qilian station.It is stored automatically by ENVIS data mining system. 2. Data content This data set is the scale data from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011.It mainly includes two layers of temperature, humidity and wind, six layers of soil water content, precipitation, 5cm geothermal flux, total radiation, seven layers of soil temperature, CO2 and air pressure. 3. Space and time scope Geographical coordinates: longitude: 99° 53’e;Latitude: 38°16 'N;Height: 2980.2 m
CHEN Rensheng HAN Chuntan
The data is the digitization of the Heihe River basin part of the 1:1 million Vegetation Atlas of China, 1:1000, 000 Vegetation Atlas of China is edited by academician Hou Xueyu, a famous vegetation ecologist (Hou Xueyu, 2001). It is jointly compiled by more than 250 experts from 53 units such as research institutes of Chinese Academy of Sciences, relevant ministries and commissions, relevant departments of various provinces and regions, colleges and universities. It is another summative achievement of vegetation ecologists in China over 40 years after the publication of monographs such as vegetation of China Basic map of natural resources and natural conditions of the family. It is based on the rich first-hand information accumulated by vegetation surveys carried out throughout the country over the past half century, and the materials obtained by modern technologies such as aerial remote sensing and satellite images, as well as the latest research achievements in geology, soil science and climatology. It reflects in detail the distribution of vegetation units of 11 vegetation type groups, 796 formations and sub formations of 54 vegetation types, horizontal and vertical zonal distribution laws, and also reflects the actual distribution of more than 2000 dominant species of plants, major crops and cash crops in China, as well as the close relationship between dominant species and soil and ground geology. The atlas is a kind of realistic vegetation map, reflecting the recent quality of vegetation in China.
The dataset of automatic meteorological observations was obtained at the A'rou freeze/thaw observation station from Jul. 25, 2008 to Dec. 31, 2009, in Wawangtan pasture (E100°28′/N38°03′, 3032.8), Daban, A'rou. The experimental area, situated in the valley highland of south Babaohe river, an upper stream branch of Heihe river, with a flat and open terrain slightly sloping from southeast to southeast and hills and mountains stretching for 3km is ideal for a horizontal homogeneous underlying surface. Observation items included multilayer (2m and 10m) of the wind speed, the air temperature and air humidity, the air pressure, precipitation, four components of radiation, the multilayer soil temperature (10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm), soil moisture (10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm), and soil heat flux (5cm & 15cm). The raw data were level0 and the data after basic processes were level1, in which ambiguous ones were marked; the data after strict quality control were defined as Level2. The data files were named as follows: station+datalevel+AMS+datadate. Level2 or above were strongly recommended to domestic users. As for detailed information, please refer to Meteorological and Hydrological Flux Data Guide.
HU Zeyong MA Mingguo JIN Rui Zhang Zhihui TAN Junlei
The data comes from the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD) constructed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and International Institute for Applied System Analysis in Vienna (IIASA), which released version 1.1 on March 26, 2009. The data resolution is 1 km. The data source in China is 1: 1 million soil data. The soil classification system used is mainly FAO-90. The main fields of the soil property sheet include: SU_SYM90 (name of soil in FAO90 soil classification system) SU_SYM85 (FAO85 classification) T_TEXTURE (top soil texture) DRAINAGE (19.5); ROOTS: String (depth classification to the bottom of the soil with obstacles); SWR: String (characteristics of soil water content); ADD_PROP: Real (specific soil type in the soil unit related to agricultural use); T_GRAVEL: Real (gravel volume percentage); T_SAND: Real (sand content); T_SILT: Real (silt content); T_CLAY: Real (clay content); T_USDA_TEX: Real (USDA Soil Texture Classification); T_REF_BULK: Real (soil bulk density); T_OC: Real (organic carbon content); T_PH_H2O: Real (pH) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the sticky layer soil); T_CEC_SOIL: Real (soil cation exchange capacity) T_BS: Real (basic saturation); T_TEB: Real (exchangeable base); T_CACO3: Real (carbonate or lime content) T_CASO4: Real (sulfate content); T_ESP: Real (exchangeable sodium salt); T_ECE: Real (conductivity). The attribute field at the beginning of T_ indicates the upper soil attribute (0-30 cm), and the attribute field at the beginning of S_ indicates the lower layer soil attribute (30-100 cm) (FAO 2009). This data provides model input parameters for Earth system modelers, and in agricultural perspective, it can be used to study eco-agricultural divisions, food security, and climate change.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations（FAO）
The dataset of automatic meteorological observations was obtained at the Binggou cold region hydrometerological station (N38°04′/E100°13′), south of Qilian county, Qinghai province, from Sep. 25, 2007 to Dec. 31, 2009. The experimental area with paramo and riverbed gravel, situated in the upper stream valley of Heihe river, is ideal for the flat and open terrain and hills and mountains stretching outwards. The items were multilayer (2m and 10m) of the air temperature and air humidity, the wind speed, the air pressure, precipitation, four components of radiation, the multilayer soil temperature (5cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm and 120cm), soil moisture (5cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm and 120cm), and soil heat flux (5cm and 15cm). The raw data were level0 and the data after basic processes were level1, in which ambiguous ones were marked; the data after strict quality control were defined as Level2. The data files were named as follows: station+datalevel+AMS+datadate. Level2 or above were strongly recommended to domestic users. The period from Sep. 25, 2007 to Mar. 12, 2008 was the pre-observing duration, during which hourly precipitation data (fragmented) and the soil temperature and soil moisture data were to be obtained. Stylized observations began from Mar. 12, 2008. As for detailed information, please refer to Meteorological and Hydrological Flux Data Guide.
WANG Jian MA Mingguo HAO Xiaohua ZHANG Zhihui TAN Junlei
The dataset of diurnal FPAR change observations was obtained in the Yingke oasis foci experimental areas. Observation items included: (1) Maize canopy reflectance spectra by ASD and 50% grey board, leaf SPAD by the chlorophyll meter and leaf photosynthesis by LI-6400 in Yingke oasis maize field on Jul. 5, 2008 (fixed point observations from 10:00-20:00 at intervals of one hour, and half an hour from 16:00) Besides, Photo: photosynthetic rate (µmol CO2 m-2 s-1), Cond: stomatal conductance (mol H2O m-2 s-1), Ci: intercellular CO2 viscosity (µmol CO2 mol-1), Trmmol: transpiration rate (mmol H2O m-2 s-1), VpdL: vapor pressure deficiency of leaves (kPa), Tleaf: leaf temperature (°C), ParIn_µm: active radiation of interior photosynthesis (µmol m-2 s-1), and ParOutµm: active radiation of outdoor photosynthesis (µmol m-2 s-1) were all archived. (2) Maize canopy reflectance spectra, leaf photosynthesis and diurnal FPAR change by ASD (Institute of Remote Sensing Applications), 50% grey board (Institute of Remote Sensing Applications), LI-6400 (Institute of Remote Sensing Applications) and SUNSCAN (Beijing academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences). Based on calibration lamp data (serial number: 64831), radiance spectrum on Jul. 9 by 1050 spectrometer (Beijing academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences) and 50% grey board and 99% white board calibration data, the spectrum data were preprocessed. Calibration was undertaken in accordance with the following precedures: a) The original DN was converted into radiance and further into readable EXCEL format by the spectrometer-matched calibration lamp data and ASD. b) Solar radiance was got by 99% white board radiance. solar radiance=the reference board radiance/the reference board reflectance. c) Spectrum from Agriculture and Forestry Sciences was sampled at an interval of 1.438nm, which was made into data at 1nm intervals by segmentation interpolation. d) Based on b=16.087a (where a is radiance before fitting and b after fitting), radiance data got by 68731 spectrograph were processed. The original maize leaf photosynthesis data (by LI-6400) were introduced into EXCEL format, diurnal changes of each leaf were archived as one single unit according to leaf classification. Maize FPAR (the fraction of photosynthetically active radiation) was got by FPAR= (canopyPAR－surface transmissionPAR－canopy reflection PAR+surface reflectionPAR) /canopy PAR; APAR= FPAR×canopy PAR. The unit for PAR was µmol m-2 s-1. The data included number (the whole leaf), observation time (hh:mm:ss), upper light (µmol m-2 s-1), upper reflectivity (µmol m-2 s-1), lower light (µmol m-2 s-1), lower reflectivity (µmol m-2 s-1) and Spread: variation coefficients of the probe optical intensity.
The dataset of automatic meteorological observations was obtained at the Yingke oasis station from Nov. 5, 2007 to Oct. 31, 2009. The observation site is located in an irrigation farmland in Yingke (E100°24′37.2″/N38°51′25.7″, 1519.1m), Zhangye city, Gansu province. The experimental area, situated in the middle stream Heihe river basin and with windbreaks space of 500m from east to west and 300m from south to north, is an ideal choice for its flat and open terrain. Observation items were multilayer (2m and 10m) of the wind speed and direction, air temperature and humidity, air pressure, precipitation, four components of radiation; the surface infrared temperature; the multilayer soil temperature (10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm), the soil moisture (10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm), and soil heat flux (5cm & 15cm). The raw data were level0 and the data after basic processes were level1, in which ambiguous ones were marked; the data after strict quality control were defined as Level2. The data files were named as follows: station+datalevel+AMS+datadate. Level2 or above were strongly recommended to domestic users. As for detailed information, please refer to Meteorological and Hydrological Flux Data Guide.
MA Mingguo Wang Weizhen TAN Junlei Huang Guanghui ZHANG Zhihui
The dataset of LAI measurements was obtained by LI-3000, the protractor and the ruler in the Yingke oasis and Huazhaizi desert steppe foci experimental areas on May, 20, 24, 25, 28 and 31, Jun. 6, 11, 12, 14, 16, 21 and 27, Jul. 2 and 9, 2008. The maximum leaf length and width of maize and wheat, the leaf angle, length and width of each section (one leaf was divided into 3 sections) were measured. And also the plant height, leaf base height, the crop spacing, the canopy height, row spacing and ridge spacing were measured. Two representative plants would be taken back for indoor observation for the stem length, stem width, stem circumference, and leaf area by LAI3000. Data were archived in Excel format.
Wen Jianguang XIN Xiaozhou ZHANG Yang FAN Wenjie
Eo-1 (Earth Observing Mission) is a new Earth Observing satellite developed by NASA to replace Landsat7 in the 21st century. It was launched on November 21, 2000.The orbit of eo-1 satellite is basically the same as that of Landsat7, which is a solar synchronous orbit with an orbital altitude of 705km and an inclination Angle of 98.7°, which is 1min less than that of Landsat7 and crosses the equator.On board of EO 1 3 kinds of sensors, namely, the Advanced Land Imager (ALI (the Advanced Land Imager), atmospheric correction instrument AC (Atmosp heric Corrector) and compose a specular as spectrometer (Hyperion), Hyperion sensor is first spaceborne hyperspectral mapping measurement instrument, the hyperspectral data a total of 242 bands, spectral range is 400 ~ 2500 nm, spectral resolution up to 10 nm, ground resolution of 30 m. Currently, there are 6 scenes of eo-1 Hyperion data in heihe river basin.The coverage and acquisition time were: 4 scenes in the encrypted observation area of zhangye urban area + yingke oasis encrypted observation area (2007-09-10, 2008-05-12, 2008-05-20, 2008-07-15).Two scenes of the iceditch watershed observation area were encrypted, the time was 2008-03-17, 2008-03-22, respectively. Product grade is L1 without geometric correction. The eo-1 Hyperion remote sensing data set of heihe integrated remote sensing joint experiment was acquired by researcher wang jian and Beijing normal university through purchase. (note: "+" represents simultaneous coverage)
Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences
The dataset of spectral reflectance observations of the Picea crassifolia was obtained at the super site around the Dayekou Guantan forest station. Six measurements were carried out altogether, including three outdoors and three indoors. (1) Outdoor multiangle (-60°, -50°, -40°, -30°, -20°, -0°, 10°, 20°, 30°, 40°, 50° and 60°) and four-component (the sunshine and the shaded canopy, the sunshine and the shaded land) spectrum of Qinghai spruce was measured by ASD, FieldSpec Pro and the observation platform (of BNU make) on Jun. 10 and 11, 2008. Optical fibres of 1m and 10m were used as required. Data were archived as Excel files. (2) Indoor observations by the integrating sphere, Li－Cor 1800-12s (BNU), ASD and FieldSpec Pro were carried out on Jun. 5, 0 and 10, 2008. They were mainly for trees of different ages, reflectance of Qinghai spruce bark, and reflectance and transmission. The data can only be opened by ASD ViewSpecPro; the processed spreadsheet file can be opened by Microsoft Excel. (3) Vertical ground object (scrub, meadow, moss, the shaded moss, litter, the bare land, Qinghai spruce of different ages) spectrum was measured by ASD and FieldSpec Pro on Jun. 4, 2008. Optical fibres of 1m and 10m were used as required.
SONG Jinling FU Zhuo WANG Xinyun WANG Qiang Bengyu Wang
The dataset of eddy covariance observations was obtained at the A'rou freeze/thaw observation station from Jul. 14, 2008 to Dec. 31, 2010, in Wawangtan pasture (E100°28′/N38°03′, 3032.8m), Daban, A'rou. The experimental area with a flat and open terrain slightly sloping from southeast to northwest and hills and mountains stretching outwards is an ideal horizontal homogeneous underlying surface. The original observation items included the latitudinal wind speed Ux (m/s), the latitudinal wind speed Uy (m/s), the longitudinal wind speed Uz (m/s), the ultrasonic temperature Ts (°C), co2 consistency (mg/m^3), h2o consistency (g/m^3), air pressure (KPa) and the abnormal ultrasonic signal (diag_csat). The instrument height was 2.81m, the ultrasound direction was at an azimuth angle of 0°, the distance between Li7500 and CSAT3 was 30m and sampling frequency was 10HZ/s. The instrument mount was 3.15m, the ultrasound direction was at an azimuth angle of 86°, the distance between Li7500 and CSAT3 was 22cm and sampling frequency was 10HZ/s. The dataset was released at three levels: Level0 were the raw data acquired by instruments; Level1, including the sensible heat flux (Hs), the latent heat flux (LE_wpl), and co2 flux (Fc_wpl), were real-time eddy covariance output data and stored in .csv month by month; Level2 were processed data in a 30-minute cycle after outliers elimination, coordinates rotation, frequency response correction, WPL correction and initial quality control. The data were named as follows: station name +data level+data acquisition date. As for detailed information, please refer to Meteorological and Hydrological Flux Data Guide and Eddy Covariance Observation Manual.
Wang Weizhen MA Mingguo LI Xin JIN Rui Huang Guanghui Zhang Zhihui TAN Junlei
Heihe river basin is the second largest inland river basin in China. In the past 30 years, a relatively perfect drainage observation system has been established in heihe river basin, which has become an important inland river research base in China.River basin is an important natural research unit, but the boundary of heihe river basin is not unified. In order to facilitate the use of data by users, we collected and sorted out 5 kinds of heihe river basin boundaries commonly seen in the literature: 1) from 1985 to 1986, China began to conduct systematic research on the heihe river basin as a whole. On the basis of basic investigation and a large number of data mastered, the early heihe river basin map was drawn with an area of 138,900 km ^ 2.The whole basin is divided into three hydrologic balance zones, which are: the balance zone of heihe main stream system, the balance zone of beida river main stream system and the balance zone of ma ying - feng leshan front water system. 2) sub project national key scientific research project of the ninth five-year plan "in heihe river basin water resources reasonable use and the economic society and ecological environment coordinated development research", considering the integrity of the county-level administrative units, on the basis of the first basin boundary using the administrative boundary of basin boundary was revised, formed the "digital heihe" published information system (http://heihe.westgis.ac.cn) of the heihe river basin boundary, watershed area of 128700 km ^ 2.The division of hydrological unit inherits the original idea and is divided into three river systems, namely the eastern river system, the central river system and the western river system. 3) in the comprehensive control plan of heihe river basin of the ministry of water resources, the area of heihe river basin is determined as 142,900 km ^ 2, and the hydrologic unit is divided into two independent water systems in the central and western regions and the east, with an area of 27,000 km2 and 116,000 km ^ 2 respectively. 4) in 2002-2006 in the national integrated water resources planning, "the Yellow River" (piece of) integrated water resources planning working group in 2005, the establishment "the northwest rivers and water resources and its exploitation and utilization of investigation evaluation report, briefly, to the secondary and tertiary area as the unit of water resources, to complete a series of natural geography and social economy statistical tables, maps and other data.In this comprehensive plan, the area of heihe river basin is about 151,700 km ^ 2, and the plan does not give a more detailed sub-watershed division plan. 5) based on the high-precision digital elevation model (SRTM and ASTER GDEM), the boundary of heihe river basin was determined by using the GIS hydrologic analysis method.The boundary has been verified by remote sensing and field investigation, and the present situation of modern water resources utilization is considered in the process of basin boundary determination and sub-basin division.
WU Lizong WANG Jianhua Nian Yanyun
Terra (EOS am-1), the flagship of the EOS earth observation series, was the first satellite to be launched on December 18, 1999.ASTER is primarily used for high-resolution observations of surface radiation balance. Compared with Landsat series satellites, ASTER has improved spectral and spatial resolution, and significantly increased short-wave infrared and thermal infrared bands.ASTER has a total of 14 wavebands, including 3 visible and near-infrared wavebands, 5 short-wave infrared wavebands and 5 thermal infrared wavebands. The resolution is 15m, 30m and 90m respectively, and the scanning width is 60km, 30m and 90m respectively.Heihe river basin ASTER remote sensing image data set through the international cooperation data from NASA's web site (https://wist.echo.nasa.gov/). Data naming rules as follows: assuming that the name of the ASTER image for "ASTL1B0103190215190103290064", then ASTL1B said ASTER L1B products, 003 on behalf of the version number namely VersionID, (010319) represents the next 6 digits observation date will be March 19, 2001, followed by six digits (021519) represents the observation time (02:15:19), followed by the last six digits (010329) representing the processing date is March 29, 2001, the last four digits (0064) representing the four-digit sequence code. At present, there are 258 scents of ASTER data in heihe river basin.The acquisition time is:2000-04-25, 2000-04-27 (2 scenes), 2000-05-04, 2000-05-15 (4 scenes), 2000-05-20 (9 scenes), 2000-05-29 (3 scenes), 2000-05-31 (2 scenes), 2000-06-12, 2000-06-14 (5 scenes), 2000-06-21 (3 scenes), 2000-06-30 (8 scenes), 2000-07-18, 2000-07-23 (3 scenes), 2000-08-03 (4 scenes),2000-08-08 (9 scenes), 2000-08-17 (7 scenes), 2000-08-19 (4 scenes), 2000-08-26 (3 scenes), 2000-09-02 (4 scenes), 2000-10-02 (7 scenes), 2000-10-04 (6 scenes), 2000-10-29 (3 scenes), 2000-11-21, 2001-02-18 (2 scenes), 2001-02-25, 2001-03-11 (5 scenes), 2001-03-22 (4 scenes),2001-03-27 (4 scenes), 2001-03-29 (9 scenes), 2001-04-07 (2 scenes), 2001-04-12 (2 scenes), 2001-04-14 (6 scenes), 2001-07-10, 2001-07-12 (8 scenes), 2001-07-21 (8 scenes), 2001-08-13 (8 scenes), 2001-08-20 (7 scenes), 2001-08-22, 2001-08-27 (2 scenes), 2001-08-29,2001-09-03 (2 scenes), 2001-11-15 (7 scenes), 2002-02-01, 2002-03-30 (2 scenes), 2002-04-17 (2 scenes), 2002-05-24, 2002-06-04 (6 scenes), 2002-06-09, 2002-06-13, 2002-06-25, 2002-08-14 (3 scenes), 2002-09-29, 2002-10-19 (2 scenes), 2002-11-11 (2 scenes),2002-12-29 (4 scenes), 2003-04-18, 2003-05-24 (2 scenes), 2003-07-25, 2003-07-30, 2003-8-10 (5 scenes), 2003-08-12, 2003-08-17, 2003-09-09 (11 scenes), 2003-09-13 (4 scenes), 2003-10-15, 2003-10-18, 2003-10-29 (9 scenes), 2003-11-30, 2004-03-14, 2005-03-20,2005-06-05, 2005-08-11, 2007-10-22, 2007-11-14, 2007-11-23, 2007-12-04, 2008-01-28, 2008-02-13, 2008-05-03 (4 scenes), 2008-05-05, 2008-05-17, 2008-06-04 (2 scenes), 2008-06-13.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
The dataset of automatic meteorological observations was obtained at the Dayekou Guantan forest station (E100°15′/N38°32′, 2835m), south of Zhangye city, Gansu province, from Oct. 1, 2007 to Dec. 31, 2009. Guantan forest station was dominated by the 15-20m high spruce and the surface was covered by 10cm deep moss. All the vegetation was in good condition. Observation items were the multilayer (2m and 10m) wind speed and direction, the air temperature and moisture, rain and snow gauges, snow depth, photosynthetically active radiation, four components of radiation from two layers (, 1.68m and 19.75 m), stem sap flow, the surface temperature, the multi-layer soil temperature (5cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm and 120cm),soil moisture (5cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm and 120cm) and soil heat flux (5cm & 15cm). As for detailed information, please refer to Meteorological and Hydrological Flux Data Guide.
MA Mingguo Wang Weizhen TAN Junlei Huang Guanghui ZHANG Zhihui
The dataset of ground truth measurement synchronizing with Landsat TM was obtained in the Yingke oasis and Huazhaizi desert steppe foci experimental areas on May 20, 2008. Observation items included: (1) LAI in Yingke oasis maize field. The maximum leaf length and width of each alfalfa and barley were measured. Data were archived in Excel format. (2) Reflectance spectra in Yingke oasis maize field by ASD FieldSpec (350-2500nm, the vertical canopy observation and the transect observation) from Institute of Remote Sensing Applications (CAS), and in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot by ASD FieldSpec (350-1603nm, the vertical observation and the transect observation for reaumuria soongorica and the bare land) from Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences. The grey board and the black and white cloth were also used for calibration spectrum. Raw data were binary files direct from ASD (by ViewSpecPro), and pre-processed data on reflectance were in Excel format. (3) the radiative temperature by 3 handheld radiometers in Yingke oasis maize field (Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, BNU and Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources respectively, the vertical canopy observation and the transect observation), and by 3 handheld infrared thermometers in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot (the vertical vegetation and bare land observation). The data included raw data (in Word format), recorded data and the blackbody calibrated data (in Excel format). (4) the radiative temperature of maize, wheat and the bare land of Yingke oasis maize field by ThermaCAM SC2000 (1.2m above the ground, FOV = 24°×18°). The data included raw data (read by ThermaCAM Researcher 2001), recorded data and the blackbody calibrated data (archived in Excel format). (5) Photosynthesis of maize, wheat and the bare land of Yingke oasis maize field by LI6400, carried out according to WATER specifications. Raw data were archived in the user-defined format (by notepat.exe) and processed data were in Excel format. (6) Maize albedo by the shortwave radiometer in Yingke oasis maize field. R =10H (R for FOV radius; H for the probe height). Data were archived in Excel format. (7) Atmospheric parameters in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot by CE318 (produced by CIMEL in France). The total optical depth, aerosol optical depth, Rayleigh scattering coefficient, column water vapor in 936 nm, particle size spectrum and phase function were then retrieved from these observations. The optical depth in 1020nm, 936nm, 870nm, 670nm and 440nm were all acquired by CE318. Those data include the raw data in k7 format and can be opened by ASTPWin. ReadMe.txt is attached for detail. Processed data (after retrieval of the raw data) in Excel format are on optical depth, rayleigh scattering, aerosol optical depth, the horizontal visibility, the near surface air temperature, the solar azimuth, zenith, solar distance correlation factors, and air column mass number. (8) Coverage fraction of Reaumuria soongorica by the self-made coverage instrument and the camera (2.5m-3.5m above the ground) in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot. Based on the length of the measuring tape and the bamboo pole, the size of the photo can be decided. GPS data was used for the location and the technology LAB was used to retieve the coverage fractionof the green vegetation. Besides, such related information as the surrounding environment was also recorded. Data included the vegetation iamge and coverage (by .exe). (9) The radiative temperature of Reaumuria soongorica canopy and the bare land by 2 fixed automatic thermometers (FOV: 10°; emissivity: 0.95) in Huazhaizi desert No. 2 plot, observing straight downwards at intervals of 1s. Raw data, blackbody calibrated data and processed data were all archived in Excel format.
LI Jing GUANG Jie LIU Qiang XIN Xiaozhou ZHANG Hao TIAN Jing
This data set includes the information of 21 conventional meteorological observation stations in Heihe River Basin and its surrounding areas, of which Wutonggou and Quixote stations have been cancelled in the 1980s, and other stations have operated since the establishment of the station. Station name, longitude and latitude 1. Mazong mountain 97.1097 41.5104 2. Yumen town 97.5530 39.8364 3. Wutonggou 98.3248 40.4697 4. Jiuquan 98.4975 39.7036 5. Jinta 98.9058 39.9988 6. Dingxin 99.5117 40.3080 7. Gaotai 99.7907 39.3623 8. Linze 100.165 39.1385 9. Sunan 99.6178 38.8399 10. Yeniugou 99.5830 38.4167 11. Tole 98.0147 39.0327 12. Ejina Banner 101.088 41.9351 13. Guaizi Lake 102.283 41.3662 14. Zhangye 100.460 38.9124 15. Shandan 101.083 38.7746 16. Folk music 100.826 38.4376 17. Alxa Right Banner 101.429 39.1407 18. Yongchang 101.578 38.1771 19. Qilian 100.238 38.1929 20. Gangcha 100.111 37.2478 21. Menyuan 101.379 37.2513 22. Gekkot 99.7063 41.9183 23. Jiayuguan 98.2241 39.7975
National Meteorological Information Center