"Hydrologic - ecological - economic process coupling and evolution of heihe Basin governance under the framework of water rights" (91125018) project data exchange 4-basin-plan-mdb 1. Data overview: a watershed plan revision for the Murray darling river in Australia, adopted in 2012, for catchment comparisons 2. Data content: the public plan
"Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological comprehensive atlas" is supported by the key project of Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological process integration research. It aims at data arrangement and service of Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological process integration research. The atlas will provide researchers with a comprehensive and detailed background introduction and basic data set of Heihe River Basin. Heihe River Basin water system map is one of the hydrological and water resources part of the atlas, with a scale of 1:2500000, positive axis isometric conic projection and standard latitude of 25 47 n. Data sources: river data of Heihe River Basin, reservoir distribution data of Heihe River Basin, residential area data of Heihe River Basin in 2009, administrative boundary data of one million Heihe River Basin in 2008, Lake data of Heihe River Basin and other basic geographic data. The upper reaches of Heihe River Basin are located in Qilian County, Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, and the northern foot of Qilian Mountain in Zhangye, Jiuquan City, Sunan and Subei counties of Gansu Province. The middle reaches are located in Shandan, Minle, Ganzhou, Linze, Gaotai, Sunan, Suzhou, Jiayuguan and Yumen counties of Gansu Province. The lower reaches are located in Jinta, Gansu Province, Ejina Banner and Alxa Right Banner of Inner Mongolia, involving three provinces (autonomous regions), 16 cities and counties (District, banner), 56 towns, 45 townships and 4 Sumu. Table 1 shows the information about the administrative divisions of Heihe River Basin.
WANG Jianhua ZHAO Jun WANG Xiaomin FENG Bin
"Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological comprehensive atlas" is supported by the key project of Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological process integration research. It aims at data arrangement and service of Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological process integration research. The atlas will provide researchers with a comprehensive and detailed background introduction and basic data set of Heihe River Basin. The scale of Zhangye irrigation canal system map in Heihe River Basin is 1:2500000, the normal axis is equal to the conic projection, and the standard latitude is 2547 n. Data sources: Zhangye irrigation canal system data of Heihe River Basin, administrative boundary data of one million Heihe River Basin in 2008, and Heihe River Basin in 2009. The channels of Heihe River Basin are mainly distributed in Zhangye, which are divided into five levels: dry, branch, Dou, Nong and Mao.
WANG Jianhua ZHAO Jun WANG Xiaomin FENG Bin
1、 The basin boundary of Heihe River Basin is based on the high-precision digital elevation model (DEM), which is obtained by using GIS hydrological analysis function analysis, and refers to remote sensing image, topographic map, ground investigation and previous research results. The surface catchment area of Heihe River basin covers an area of about 255000 km2, starting from the middle section of Qilian Mountains in the south, the Gobi Altai Mountains in Mongolia in the north, the Mazong mountains in the West and the Yabulai mountains in the East. Compared with the traditional Heihe River Basin, the new basin has increased Badain Jilin desert, Guizi lake, the northern part of Mazong mountain and the southern foot of Altai Mountain in Outer Mongolia Gobi. Explanation: the nanshihe River and beishihe River are the rivers formed by the leakage of the alluvial fan of Shule River. They form an independent hydrological unit (Huahai basin water systems) with Ganhaizi as the end lake, together with youYou River, Baiyang River and duanshankou river. The relationship between the hydrological unit and the Heihe River Basin is greater than that between the hydrological unit and the Shule River, which should be regarded as a part of the Heihe River Basin. Considering the current situation of modern water resources utilization, Beishi river has been directly connected with the main stream of Shule River through artificial transformation, and it is an important channel for water transmission from Shule River to Ganhaizi, and has become an important tributary of Shule River in fact. Under the influence of a series of water conservancy projects, the surface hydraulic connection between youyou River, Baiyang River and Shule River is far greater than that between youyou River and TaoLai river. 2、 Revised boundary of Yellow River Commission in Heihe River Basin On the basis of the Heihe River basin boundary revised by the Yellow River Water Conservancy Commission of the Ministry of water resources in 2005, the revised boundary of Heihe River Basin is obtained by using high-precision digital elevation model (DEM), reference remote sensing image, 1:100000 topographic map, ground investigation and other data. The basin boundary is about 76000 km2, among which the upper Qilian mountain middle section boundary is extracted strictly according to the ridge line by using DEM according to the GIS hydrological analysis function, and the lower north boundary is divided according to the boundary line according to the international convention. 3、 Study area boundary of Heihe River Basin According to the extended study area generated by the basin boundary of Heihe River Basin, it is mainly for the demand of model data input. The above three boundaries are to provide a unified study area boundary for the planned project of Heihe River Basin. It is suggested to use the revised boundary of Heihe River Basin yellow Committee as the core study area boundary.
Heihe river basin is the second largest inland river basin in China. In the past 30 years, a relatively perfect drainage observation system has been established in heihe river basin, which has become an important inland river research base in China.River basin is an important natural research unit, but the boundary of heihe river basin is not unified. In order to facilitate the use of data by users, we collected and sorted out 5 kinds of heihe river basin boundaries commonly seen in the literature: 1) from 1985 to 1986, China began to conduct systematic research on the heihe river basin as a whole. On the basis of basic investigation and a large number of data mastered, the early heihe river basin map was drawn with an area of 138,900 km ^ 2.The whole basin is divided into three hydrologic balance zones, which are: the balance zone of heihe main stream system, the balance zone of beida river main stream system and the balance zone of ma ying - feng leshan front water system. 2) sub project national key scientific research project of the ninth five-year plan "in heihe river basin water resources reasonable use and the economic society and ecological environment coordinated development research", considering the integrity of the county-level administrative units, on the basis of the first basin boundary using the administrative boundary of basin boundary was revised, formed the "digital heihe" published information system (http://heihe.westgis.ac.cn) of the heihe river basin boundary, watershed area of 128700 km ^ 2.The division of hydrological unit inherits the original idea and is divided into three river systems, namely the eastern river system, the central river system and the western river system. 3) in the comprehensive control plan of heihe river basin of the ministry of water resources, the area of heihe river basin is determined as 142,900 km ^ 2, and the hydrologic unit is divided into two independent water systems in the central and western regions and the east, with an area of 27,000 km2 and 116,000 km ^ 2 respectively. 4) in 2002-2006 in the national integrated water resources planning, "the Yellow River" (piece of) integrated water resources planning working group in 2005, the establishment "the northwest rivers and water resources and its exploitation and utilization of investigation evaluation report, briefly, to the secondary and tertiary area as the unit of water resources, to complete a series of natural geography and social economy statistical tables, maps and other data.In this comprehensive plan, the area of heihe river basin is about 151,700 km ^ 2, and the plan does not give a more detailed sub-watershed division plan. 5) based on the high-precision digital elevation model (SRTM and ASTER GDEM), the boundary of heihe river basin was determined by using the GIS hydrologic analysis method.The boundary has been verified by remote sensing and field investigation, and the present situation of modern water resources utilization is considered in the process of basin boundary determination and sub-basin division.
WU Lizong WANG Jianhua Nian Yanyun