Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Brief Introduction: Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Number of Datasets: 1099

  • Land Surface Soil Moisture Dataset of SMAP Time-Expanded Daily 0.25°×0.25° over Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Area (SMsmapTE, V1)

    Land Surface Soil Moisture Dataset of SMAP Time-Expanded Daily 0.25°×0.25° over Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Area (SMsmapTE, V1)

    This dataset contains land surface soil moisture products with SMAP time-expanded daily 0.25°×0.25°in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Area. The dataset was produced based on the Random Forest method by utilizing passive microwave brightness temperature along with some auxiliary datasets. The temporal resolution of the product in 1980,1985,1990,1995 and 2000 is monthly, by using SMMR, SSM/I, and SSMIS brightness temperature from 19 GHz V/H and 37 GHz V channels. The temporal resolution of the product between June 20, 2002 and Dec 30, 2018 is daily, by utilizing AMSR-E and AMSR2 brightness temperature from 6.925 GHz V/H, 10.65 GHz V/H, and 36.5 GHz V channels. The auxiliary datasets participating in the Random Forest training include the IGBP land cover type, GTOPO30 DEM, and Lat/Lon information.

    2021-04-09 2068 73

  • Dataset of soil texture on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2010)

    Dataset of soil texture on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2010)

    Soil data are extremely important at both global and local scales, and in the absence of reliable soil data, land degradation assessments, environmental impact studies and sustainable land management interventions are severely hampered。By Soil information data in the urgent need of the World, especially under the background of the convention on climate change, international institute for applied systems analysis (IIASA) and the UN food and agriculture organization (FAO) and the Kyoto protocol on Soil carbon measurement and the United Nations food and agriculture organization (FAO)/international global agriculture ecological assessment (GAEZ v3.0) jointly established under the sponsorship of a new generation of World Soil Database (Harmonized World Soil Database version 1.2) (HWSD V1.2). The 2010 data set of soil texture on the qinghai-tibet plateau was culled from the world soil database.Data format :grid format, projected as WGS84.The main soil classification system used is fao-90.Unique verification identifier of core soil institution unit: Mu_global-hwsd database soil mapping unit identifier that connects GIS layers. MU_SOURCE1 and MU_SOURCE2- source database mapping unit identifiers; SEQ- soil unit sequence in the composition of soil mapping unit; Soil classification system USES fao-7 classification system or fao-90 classification system (SU_SYM74 resp.su_sym90) or fao-85 (SU_SYM85). The main fields of the soil property sheet include: ID(database ID) MU_GLOBAL(soil unit identifier) (global) SU_SYMBOL Soil mapping unit SU_SYM74(FAO74classify ); SU_SYM85(FAO85classify); SU_SYM90(FAO90The soil name in a soil classification system); SU_CODE Soil mapping unit code SU_CODE74 Soil unit name SU_CODE85 Soil unit name SU_CODE90 Soil unit name DRAINAGE(19.5); REF_DEPTH(Soil reference depth); AWC_CLASS(19.5); AWC_CLASS(Soil available water content); PHASE1: Real (The soil phase); PHASE2: String (The soil phase); ROOTS: String (Depth classification of obstacles to the bottom of the soil); SWR: String (Characteristics of soil moisture content); ADD_PROP: Real (A specific soil type in a soil unit that is associated with agricultural use); T_TEXTURE(Topsoil texture); T_GRAVEL: Real (Percentage of aggregate volume on top);( unit:%vol.) T_SAND: Real (Top sand content); ( unit:% wt.) T_SILT: Real (surface silt content);(unit: % wt.) T_CLAY: Real (clay content on top);(unit: % wt.) T_USDA_TEX: Real (top-level USDA soil texture classification);(unit: name) T_REF_BULK: Real (top soil bulk density);(unit: kg/dm3.) T_OC: Real (top organic carbon content);(unit: % weight) T_PH_H2O: Real (top ph) (unit: -log(H+)) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (the cationic exchange capacity of the clay layer at the top);(unit: cmol/kg) T_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of topsoil) (unit: cmol/kg) T_BS: Real (top basic saturation);(unit: %) T_TEB: Real (top exchange base);(unit: cmol/kg) T_CACO3: Real (top carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) T_CASO4: Real (top-level sulfate content);(unit: % weight) T_ESP: Real (top layer exchangeable sodium salt);(unit: %) T_ECE: Real (top-level conductivity).(unit: dS/m) S_GRAVEL: Real (percentage of bottom gravel volume);(unit: % vol.) S_SAND: Real (content of underlying sand);(unit: % wt.) S_SILT: Real (substratum silt content);(unit: % wt.) S_CLAY: Real (clay content in the bottom layer);(unit: % wt.) S_USDA_TEX: Real (USDA underlying soil texture classification);(unit: name) S_REF_BULK: Real (bulk density of underlying soil);(unit: kg/dm3.) S_OC: Real (bottom organic carbon content);(unit: % weight) S_PH_H2O: Real (base ph) (unit: -log(H+)) S_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the underlying cohesive soil);(unit: cmol/kg) S_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of underlying soil) (unit: cmol/kg) S_BS: Real (underlying basic saturation);(unit: %) S_TEB: Real (underlying exchangeable base);(unit: cmol/kg) S_CACO3: Real (content of underlying carbonate or lime) (unit: % weight) S_CASO4: Real (substrate sulfate content);(unit: % weight) S_ESP: Real (underlying exchangeable sodium salt);(unit: %) S_ECE: Real (underlying conductivity).(unit: dS/m) This database is divided into two layers, in which the top layer (T) has a soil thickness of (0-30cm) and the bottom layer (S) has a soil thickness of (30-100cm).。 Refer to the instructions for other attribute values HWSD1.2_documentation.pdf,The Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD V1.2) Viewer-Chinese description andHWSD.mdb。

    2021-04-09 3150 143

  • NPP dataset of remote sensing for ecological assets assessment in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

    NPP dataset of remote sensing for ecological assets assessment in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

    The basic data set of remote sensing for ecological assets assessment of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau includes the annual Fraction Vegetation Coverage (FVC), Net Primary Productivity (NPP) and Leaf Area Index (LAI) of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau since 2000, and other ecological parameters based on remote sensing inversion. The FVC data are mainly developed from MODIS NDVI data. NPP estimation method based on algorithm of CASA model.

    2021-04-09 1619 104

  • Glacier coverage data on the Tibetan Plateau in 2013 (TPG2013, Version1.0)

    Glacier coverage data on the Tibetan Plateau in 2013 (TPG2013, Version1.0)

    The Tibetan Plateau Glacier Data –TPG2013 is a glacial coverage data on the Tibetan Plateau around 2013. 128 Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) images were selected with 30-m spatial resolution, for comparability with previous and current glacier inventories. Besides, about 20 images acquired in 2014 were used to complete the full coverage of the TP. The most frequent year in this period was defined as the reference year for the mosaic image: i.e. 2013. Glacier outlines were digitized on-screen manually from the 2013 image mosaic, relying on false-colour image composites (RGB by bands 654), which allowed us to distinguish ice/snow from cloud. Debris-free ice was distinguished from the debris and debris-covered ice by its higher reflectance. Debris-covered ice was not delineated in this data. [To minimize the effects of snow or cloud cover on glacierized areas, high-resolution (30 m spatial resolution and 4-day repetition cycle) images were also used for reference in glacier delineation from the Chinese satellites HJ-1A and HJ-1B, which were launched on Sep.6th 2008. Both carried as payload two 4-band CCD cameras with swath width 700 km (360 km per camera). All HJ-1A/1B data in 2012, 2013 and 2014 (65 scenes, Fig.S1, Table S1) were from China Centre for Resources Satellite Data and Application (CRESDA; http://www.cresda.com/n16/n92006/n92066/n98627/index.html). Each scene was orthorectified with respect to the 30m-resolution digital elevation model (DEM) of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) and Landsat images.] The delineated glacier outlines were compared with band-ratio (e.g. TM3/TM5) results, and validated by overlapping them onto Google Earth imagery, SRTM DEM, topographic maps and corresponding satellite images. Topographic maps from the 1970s and all available satellite images (including Google EarthTM imagery and HJ-1A/1B satellite data) were used as base reference data. For areas with mountain shadows and snow cover, they were verified by different methods using data from different seasons. For glaciers in deep shadow, Google EarthTM imagery from different dates was used as the reference for manual delineation. Steep slopes or headwalls were also excluded in the TPG2013. Areas that appeared in any of these sources to have the characteristics of exposed ground/basement/bed rock were manually delineated as non-glacier, and were also cross-checked with CGI-1 and CGI-2. Steep hanging glaciers were included in TPG2013 if they were identifiable on images in all three epochs (i.e. TPG1976, TPG2001, and TPG2013). The accuracy of manual digitization was controlled within one half-pixel. All glacier areas were calculated on the WGS84 spheroid in an Albers equal-area map projection centred at (95°E, 30°N) with standard parallels at 15°N and 65°N. Our results showed that the relative deviation of manual interpretation was less than 3.9%.

    2021-04-09 3053 91

  • The 30-m land cover data of Tibetan Plateau (2010)

    The 30-m land cover data of Tibetan Plateau (2010)

    These data contain two data files: GLOBELAND30 TILES (raw data) and TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC (mosaic data). The raw data were downloaded from the Global Land Cover Data website (GlobalLand3) (http://www.globallandcover.com) and cover the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas. The raw data were stored in frames, and for the convenience of using the data, we use Erdas software to splice and mosaic the raw data. The Global Land Cover Data (GlobalLand30) is the result of the “Global Land Cover Remote Sensing Mapping and Key Technology Research”, which is a key project of the National 863 Program. Using the American Landsat images (TM5, ETM+) and Chinese Environmental Disaster Reduction Satellite images (HJ-1), the data were extracted by a comprehensive method based on pixel classification-object extraction-knowledge checks. The data include 10 primary land cover types—cultivated land, forest, grassland, shrub, wetland, water body, tundra, man-made cover, bare land, glacier and permanent snow—without extracting secondary types. In terms of accuracy assessment, nine types and more than 150,000 test samples were evaluated. The overall accuracy of the GlobeLand30-2010 data is 80.33%. The Kappa indicator is 0.75. The GlobeLand30 data use the WGS84 coordinate system, UTM projection, and 6-degree banding, and the reference ellipsoid is the WGS 84 ellipsoid. According to different latitudes, the data are organized into two types of framing. In the regions of 60° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 6° (longitude); in the regions of 60° to 80° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 12° (longitude). The framing is projected according to the central meridian of the odd 6° band. GLOBELAND30 TILES: The original, unprocessed raw data are retained. TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC: The Erdas software is used to mosaic the raw data. The parameter settings use the default value of the raw data to retain the original, and the accuracy is consistent with that of the downloading site.

    2021-04-09 2705 88

  • Photosynthetically active radiation absorption coefficient dataset in Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2000-2015)

    Photosynthetically active radiation absorption coefficient dataset in Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2000-2015)

    Photosynthetic effective radiation absorption coefficient photosynthetically active radiation component is an important biophysical parameter. It is an important land characteristic parameter of ecosystem function model, crop growth model, net primary productivity model, atmosphere model, biogeochemical model and ecological model, and is an ideal parameter for estimating vegetation biomass. The data set contains the data of photosynthetically active radiation absorption coefficient in Qinghai Tibet Plateau, with spatial resolution of 500m, temporal resolution of 8D, and time coverage of 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The data source is MODIS Lai / FPAR product data mod15a2h (C6) on NASA website. The data are of great significance to the analysis of vegetation ecological environment in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

    2021-04-09 2459 6

  • Disaster statistical dataset of Qinghai Tibet Plateau (1950-2002)

    Disaster statistical dataset of Qinghai Tibet Plateau (1950-2002)

    This data set contains the statistical information of natural disasters in Qinghai Tibet Plateau in the past 50 years (1950-2002), including drought, snow disaster, frost disaster, hail, flood, wind disaster, lightning disaster, cold wave and strong cooling, low temperature and freezing damage, gale sandstorm, insect disaster, rodent damage and other meteorological disasters. Qinghai and Tibet are the main parts of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The Qinghai Tibet Plateau is one of the Centers for the formation and evolution of biological species in China. It is also a sensitive area and fragile zone for the international scientific and technological circles to study climate and ecological environment changes. Its complex terrain conditions, high altitude and severe climate conditions determine that the ecological environment is very fragile, It has become the most frequent area of natural disasters in China. The data were extracted from "China Meteorological Disaster Canon · Qinghai volume" and "China Meteorological Disaster Canon · Tibet Volume", which were manually input, summarized and proofread.

    2021-04-09 504 42

  • Grading map of agricultural suitability on the Tibet Plateau (2018)

    Grading map of agricultural suitability on the Tibet Plateau (2018)

    This study takes the land resources in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau as the evaluation object, and clarifies the current situation in the region suitable for agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry production and the quantity, quality and distribution of the reserve land resources. Through field investigations, collect relevant data from the study area, and combine relevant literature and expert experience to determine the evaluation factors (altitude, slope, annual precipitation, accumulated temperature, sunshine hours, soil effective depth, texture, erosion, vegetation type, NDVI). The grading and standardization are carried out, and the weights of each evaluation factor are determined by principal component analysis. The weighted index and model are used to determine the total score of the evaluation unit. Finally, the ArcGis natural discontinuity classification method is used to obtain the Qingshang Plateau. And the grades of farmland, forestry and grassland suitability drawings of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with a resolution of 90m were given. Finally, the results are verified and analyzed.

    2021-04-09 1845 56

  • Dataset of soil  erosion intensity with 300m resoluton in Tibetan Plateau (1992, 2005, 2015)

    Dataset of soil erosion intensity with 300m resoluton in Tibetan Plateau (1992, 2005, 2015)

    1) The data content includes three stages of soil erosion intensity in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 1992, 2005 and 2015m the grid resolution is 300m.2) The data of soil erosion intensity are obtained by using the Chinese soil erosion prediction model (CSLE). The formula of soil erosion prediction model includes rainfall erosivity factor, soil erodibility factor, slope length factor, slope factor, vegetation cover and biological measure factor, engineering measure factor and tillage measure factor. Rainfall erodibility factors are calculated from the daily rainfall data by the US Climate Prdiction Center (CPC); soil erodibility factors, engineering measures factors and tillage measures factors are obtained from the first water conservancy census data; slope length factors and slope factors are obtained by resampling after calculating 30 m elevation data; vegetation coverage and biological measures factors are obtained by combining fractional vegetation cover with land use data and rainfall erodibility proportionometer. The fractional vegetation cover is calculated by MODIS vegetation index products through pixel dichotomy. 3) Compared with the data of soil erosion intensity in the same region in the same year, there is no significant difference and the data quality is good.4) the data of soil erosion intensity is of great significance for studying the present situation of soil erosion in Pan third polar 65 countries and better carrying out the development policy of the area along the way.

    2021-04-09 2210 93

  • Dataset of Soil  Erosion (water) Intensity with 300m resoluton in Tibetan Plateau (1992, 2005, 2015)

    Dataset of Soil Erosion (water) Intensity with 300m resoluton in Tibetan Plateau (1992, 2005, 2015)

    1)The data content includes three stages of soil erosion intensity in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 1992, 2005 and 2015, and the grid resolution is 300m. 2) China soil erosion prediction model (CSLE) was used to calculate the soil erosion amount of more than 4,000 investigation units on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Soil erosion was interpolated according to land use on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. According to the soil erosion classification standard, the soil erosion intensity map of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was obtained. 3) By comparing the differences of three-stage soil erosion intensity data, it conforms to the actual change law and the data quality is good. 4) The data of soil erosion intensity are of great significance to the study of soil erosion in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the sustainable development of local ecosystems. In the attribute table, "Value" represents the erosion intensity level, from 1 to 6, the value represents slight, mild, moderate, intense, extremely intense and severe. "BL" represents the percentage of echa erosion intensity in the total area.

    2021-04-09 3024 98

  • Glacier coverage data  on the Tibetan Plateau  in 1970s (TPG1976, Version 1.0)

    Glacier coverage data on the Tibetan Plateau in 1970s (TPG1976, Version 1.0)

    The Tibetan Plateau Glacial Data -TPG1976 is a glacial coverage data on the Tibetan Plateau in the 1970s. It was generated by manual interpretation from Landsat MSS multispectral image data. The temporal coverage was mainly from 1972 to 1979 by 60 m spatial resolution. It involved 205 scenes of Landsat MSS/TM. There were 189 scenes(92% coverage on TP)in 1972-79,including 116 scenes in 1976/77 (61% of all the collected satellite data).As high quality of MSS data is not accessible due to cloud and snow effects in the South-east Tibetan Plateau, earlier Landsat TM data was collected for usage, including 14 scenes of 1980s(1981,1986-89,which covers 6.5% of TP) and 2 scenes in 1994(by 1.5% coverage on TP).Among all satellite data,77% was collected in winter with the minimum effects of cloud and seasonal snow. The most frequent year in this period was defined as the reference year for the mosaic image: i.e. 1976. Glacier outlines were digitized on-screen manually from the 1976 image mosaic, relying on false-colour image composites (MSS: red, green and blue (RGB) represented by bands 321; TM: RGB by bands 543), which allowed us to distinguish ice/snow from cloud. Debris-free ice was distinguished from the debris and debris-covered ice by its higher reflectance. Debris-covered ice was not delineated in this data. The delineated glacier outlines were compared with band-ratio results, and validated by overlapping them onto Google Earth imagery, SRTM DEM, topographic maps and corresponding satellite images. For areas with mountain shadows and snow cover, they were verified by different methods using data from different seasons. For glaciers in deep shadow, Google EarthTM imagery from different dates was used as the reference for manual delineation. Steep slopes or headwalls were also excluded in the TPG1976. Areas that appeared in any of these sources to have the characteristics of exposed ground/basement/bed rock were manually delineated as non-glacier, and were also cross-checked with CGI-1 and CGI-2. Steep hanging glaciers were included in TPG1976 if they were identifiable on images in all three epochs (i.e. TPG1976, TPG2001, and TPG2013). The accuracy of manual digitization was controlled within one half-pixel. All glacier areas were calculated on the WGS84 spheroid in an Albers equal-area map projection centred at (95°E, 30°N) with standard parallels at 15°N and 65°N. Our results showed that the relative deviation of manual interpretation was less than 6.4% due to the 60 m spatial resolution images.

    2021-04-09 3510 74

  • Aerosol datasets over the Tibetan Plateau (2006-2019)

    Aerosol datasets over the Tibetan Plateau (2006-2019)

    There are two types of aerosol data in the Tibetan Plateau. Aerosol type data products are the results of aerosol type data fusion by using Meera 2 assimilation data and active satellite CALIPSO products through a series of data preprocessing, quality control, statistical analysis and comparative analysis. The key of the algorithm is to judge the CALIPSO aerosol type. According to CALIPSO aerosol types and quality control, and referring to merra 2 aerosol types, the final aerosol type data (12 kinds) and quality control results were obtained. Considering the vertical and spatial distribution of aerosols, it has high spatial resolution (0.625 ° × 0.5 °) and temporal resolution (month). Aerosol optical depth (AOD) is a visible band remote sensing inversion method developed by ourselves, combined with merra-2 model data and NASA's official product mod04. The data coverage time is from 2000 to 2019, with daily temporal resolution and spatial resolution of 0.1 degree. The retrieval method mainly uses the self-developed APRs algorithm to retrieve the aerosol optical depth over the ice and snow. The algorithm takes into account the BRDF characteristics of the ice and snow surface, and is suitable for the inversion of aerosol optical thickness on the ice and snow. The results show that the relative deviation of the data is less than 35%, which can effectively improve the coverage and accuracy of the polar AOD.

    2021-04-09 1111 17

  • The sequence data of livestock number at county level on the Tibetan Plateau (1970-2006)

    The sequence data of livestock number at county level on the Tibetan Plateau (1970-2006)

    This data set contains sequence data of the number variation of livestock in the major cities and counties of the Tibetan Plateau from 1970 to 2006. It is used to study the social and economic changes of the Tibetan Plateau. The table has ten fields. Field 1: Year Interpretation: Year of the data Field 2: Province Interpretation: The province from which the data were obtained Field 3: City/Prefecture Interpretation: The city or prefecture from which the data were obtained Field 4: County Interpretation: The name of the county Field 5: Large livestock (10,000) Interpretation: The number of large livestock such as cattle, horses, mules, donkeys, and camels. Field 6: Cattle herd (10,000) Interpretation: Number of cattle Field 7: Equine animals(10,000) Interpretation: The number of equine animals such as horses, mules and donkeys. Field 8: Horses (10,000) Interpretation: The number of horses Field 9: Sheep (10,000) Interpretation: The number of sheep Field 10: Data Sources Interpretation: Source of Data The data come from the statistical yearbook and county annals. Some are listed as follows. [1] Gansu Yearbook Editorial Committee. Gansu Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1984, 1988-2009 [2] Statistical Bureau of Yunnan Province. Yunnan Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1988-2009 [3] Statistical Bureau of Sichuan Province, Sichuan Survey Team. Sichuan Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1987-1991, 1996-2009 [4] Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region . Xinjiang Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1989-1996, 1998-2009 [5] Statistical Bureau of Tibetan Autonomous Region. Tibet Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1986-2009 [6] Statistical Bureau of Qinghai Province. Qinghai Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1986-1994, 1996-2008. [7] County Annals Editorial Committee of Huzhu Tu Autonomous County. County Annals of Huzhu Tu Autonomous County [J]. Qinghai: Qinghai People's Publishing House, 1993 [8] Haiyan County Annals Editorial Committee. Haiyan County Annals[J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1994 [9] Menyuan County Annals Editorial Committee. Menyuan County Annals[J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 1993 [10] Guinan County Annals Editorial Committee. Guinan County Annals [J]. Shanxi: Shanxi People's Publishing House, 1996 [11] Guide County Annals Editorial Committee. Guide County Annals[J]. Shanxi: Shanxi People's Publishing House, 1995 [12] Jianzha County Annals Editorial Committee. Jianzha County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 2003 [13] Dari County Annals Editorial Committee. Dari County Annals [J]. Shanxi: Shanxi People's Publishing House, 1993 [14] Golmud City Annals Editorial Committee. Golmud City Annals [J]. Beijing: Fangzhi Publishing House, 2005 [15] Delingha City Annals Editorial Committee. Delingha City Annals [J]. Beijing: Fangzhi Publishing House, 2004 [16] Tianjun County Annals Editorial Committee. Tianjun County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1995 [17] Naidong County Annals Editorial Committee. Naidong County Annals [J]. Beijing: China Tibetology Press, 2006 [18] Gulang County Annals Editorial Committee. Gulang County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 1996 [19] County Annals Editorial Committee of Akesai Kazak Autonomous County. County Annals of Akesai Kazakh Autonomous County [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 1993 [20] Minxian County Annals Editorial Committee. Minxian County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 1995 [21] Dangchang County Annals Editorial Committee. Dangchang County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1995 [22] Dangchang County Annals Editorial Committee. Dangchang County Annals(Sequel) (1985-2005) [J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 2006 [23] Wenxian County Annals Editorial Committee. Wenxian County Annals[J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1997 [24] Kangle County Annals Editorial Committee. Kangle County Annals [J]. Shanghai: Sanlian Bookstore. 1995 [25] County Annals Editorial Committee of Jishishan (Baoan, Dongxiang, Sala) Autonomous County. County Annals of Jishishan (Baoan, Dongxiang, Sala) Autonomous County[J], Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1998 [26] Luqu County Annals Editorial Committee. Luqu County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 2006 [27] Zhouqu County Annals Editorial Committee. Zhouqu County Annals [J]. Shanghai: Sanlian Bookstore. 1996 [28] Xiahe County Annals Editorial Committee. Xiahe County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1999 [29] Zhuoni County Annals Editorial Committee. Zhuoni County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu Nationality Publishing House, 1994 [30] Diebu County Annals Editorial Committee. Diebu County Annals [J]. Gansu: Lanzhou University Press, 1998 [31] Pengxian County Annals Editorial Committee. Pengxian County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan People's Publishing House, 1989 [32] Guanxian County Annals Editorial Committee. Guanxian County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan People's Publishing House, 1991 [33] Wenjiang County Annals Editorial Committee. Wenjiang County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan People's Publishing House, 1990 [34] Shifang County Annals Editorial Committee. Shifang County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan University Press, 1988 [35] Tianquan County Annals Editorial Committee. Tianquan County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan Science and Technology Press, 1997 [36] Shimian County Annals Editorial Committee. Shimian County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan Cishu Publishing House, 1999 [37] Lushan County Annals Editorial Committee. Lushan County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Fangzhi Publishing House, 2000 [38] Hongyuan County Annals Editorial Committee. Hongyuan County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan People's Publishing House, 1996 [39] Wenchuan County Annals Editorial Committee. Wenchuan County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Bayu Shushe, 2007 [40] Derong County Annals Editorial Committee. Derong County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan University, 2000 [41] Baiyu County Annals Editorial Committee. Baiyu County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan University Press, 1996 [42] Batang County Annals Editorial Committee. Batang County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan Nationality Publishing House, 1993 [43] Jiulong County Annals Editorial Committee. Jiulong County Annals(Sequel) (1986-2000) [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan Science and Technology Press, 2007 [44] County Annals Editorial Committee of Derung-Nu Autonomous County Gongshan. County Annals of Derung-Nu Autonomous County Gongshan [J]. Beijing: Nationality Publishing House, 2006 [45] Lushui County Annals Editorial Committee. Lushui County Annals [J]. Yunnan: Yunnan People's Publishing House, 1995 [46] Deqin County Annals Editorial Committee. Deqin County Annals [J]. Yunnan: Yunnan Nationality Publishing House, 1997 [47] Yutian County Annals Editorial Committee. Yutian County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 2006 [48] Cele County Annals Editorial Committee. Cele County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 2005 [49] Hetian County Annals Editorial Committee. Hetian County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 2006 [50] Qiemo County Local Chronicles Editorial Committee. Qiemo County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1996 [51] Shache County Annals Editorial Committee. Shache County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1996 [52] Yecheng County Annals Editorial Committee. Yecheng County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1999 [53] Akto County Local Chronicles Editorial Committee. Akto County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1996 [54] Wuqia County Local Chronicles Editorial Committee. Wuqia County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1995

    2021-04-09 1432 73

  • Spatial distribution map of marsh in the source region of the Yellow River on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2013)

    Spatial distribution map of marsh in the source region of the Yellow River on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2013)

    This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source region of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30 m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.

    2021-04-09 1517 22

  • The spatial dataset of climate on the Tibetan Plateau (1961-2020)

    The spatial dataset of climate on the Tibetan Plateau (1961-2020)

    The meteorological elements distribution map of the plateau, which is based on the data from the Tibetan Plateau National Weather Station, was generated by PRISM model interpolation. It includes temperature and precipitation. Monthly average temperature distribution map of the Tibetan Plateau from 1961 to 1990 (30-year average values): t1960-90_1.e00,t1960-90_2.e00,t1960-90_3.e00,t1960-90_4.e00,t1960-90_5.e00, t1960-90_6.e00,t1960-90_7.e00,t1960-90_8.e00,t1960-90_9.e00,t1960-90_10.e00, t1960-90_11.e00,t1960-90_12.e00 Monthly average temperature distribution map of the Tibetan Plateau from 1991 to 2020 (30-year average values): t1991-20_1.e00,t1991-20_2.e00,t1991-20_3.e00,t1991-20_4.e00,t1991-20_5.e00, t1991-20_6.e00,t1991-20_7.e00,t1991-20_8.e00,t1991-20_9.e00,t1991-20_10.e00, t1991-20_11.e00,t1991-20_12.e00, Precipitation distribution map of the Tibetan Plateau from 1961 to 1990 (30-year average values): p1960-90_1.e00,p1960-90_2.e00,p1960-90_3.e00,p1960-90_4.e00,p1960-90_5.e00, p1960-90_6.e00,p1960-90_7.e00,p1960-90_8.e00,p1960-90_9.e00,p1960-90_10.e00, p1960-90_11.e00,p1960-90_12.e00 Precipitation distribution map of the Tibetan Plateau from 1991 to 2020 (30-year average values): p1991-20_1.e00,p1991-20_2.e00,p1991-20_3.e00,p1991-20_4.e00,p1991-20_5.e00, p1991-20_6.e00,p1991-20_7.e00,p1991-20_8.e00,p1991-20_9.e00,p1991-20_10.e00, p1991-20_11.e00,p1991-20_12.e00, The temporal coverage of the data is from 1961 to 1990 and from 1991 to 2020. The spatial coverage of the data is 73°~104.95° east longitude, 26.5°~44.95° north latitude, and the spatial resolution is 0.05 degrees×0.05 degrees (longitude×latitude), and it uses the geodetic coordinate projection. Name interpretation: Monthly average temperature: The average value of daily average temperature in a month. Monthly precipitation: The total precipitation in a month. Dimensions: The file format of the data is E00, and the DN value is the average value of monthly average temperature (×0.01°C) and the average monthly precipitation (×0.01 mm) from January to December. Data type: integer Data accuracy: 0.05 degrees × 0.05 degrees (longitude × latitude). The original sources of these data are two data sets of 1) monthly mean temperature and monthly precipitation observation data from 128 stations on the Tibetan Plateau and the surrounding areas from the establishing times of the stations to 2000 and 2) HadRM3 regional climate scenario simulation data of 50×50 km grids on the Tibetan Plateau, that is, the monthly average temperature and monthly precipitation simulation values from 1991 to 2020. From 1961 to 1990, the PRISM (Parameter elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model) interpolation method was used to generate grid data, and the interpolation model was adjusted and verified based on the site data. From 1991 to 2020, the regional climate scenario simulation data were downscaled to generate grid data by the terrain trend surface interpolation method. Part of the source data came from the results of the GCM model simulation; the GCM model used the Hadley Centre climate model HadCM2-SUL. a) Mitchell JFB, Johns TC, Gregory JM, Tett SFB (1995) Climate response to increasing levels of greenhouse gases and sulphate aerosols. Nature, 376, 501-504. b) Johns TC, Carnell RE, Crossley JF et al. (1997) The second Hadley Centre coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM: model description, spinup and validation. Climate Dynamics, 13, 103-134. The spatial interpolation of meteorological data adopted the PRISM (Parameter-elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model) method: Daly, C., R.P. Neilson, and D.L. Phillips, 1994: A statistical-topographic model for mapping climatological precipitation over mountainous terrain. J. Appl. Meteor., 33, 140~158. Due to the difficult observational conditions in the plateau area and the lack of basic research data, there were deletions of meteorological data in some areas. After adjustment and verification, the accuracy of the data was only good enough to be used as a reference for macroscale climate research. The average relative error rate of the monthly average temperature distribution of the Tibetan Plateau from 1961 to 1990 was 8.9%, and that from 1991 to 2020 was 9.7%. The average relative error rate of precipitation data on the Tibetan Plateau from 1961 to 1990 was 20.9%, and that from 1991 to 2020 was 22.7%. The area of missing data was interpolated, and the values of obvious errors were corrected.

    2021-04-09 2158 146

  • County level statistics data of Tibetan Plateau (1980-2015)

    County level statistics data of Tibetan Plateau (1980-2015)

    The data set contains agricultural economic data of all counties and regions in the Tibetan Plateau in 1980-2015, and covering the total number of households and total population in rural areas, agricultural population, rural labor force, cultivated land, paddy field area, the dry land area, power of agricultural machinery, agricultural vehicles, mechanical ploughing area, irrigation area, consumption of chemical fertilizers electricity use, gross output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, the output of cattle, pig, sheep, meat, poultry, and fish, the sown area of grain, the output of grain, cotton, oil and all kinds of crops, and characteristic agricultural products and livestock production and other relevant data.The data came from the statistical yearbook of the provinces included in the Tibetan Plateau.The data are of good quality and can be used to analyze the socio-economic and agricultural development of qinghai-tibet plateau.

    2021-04-09 3002 159

  • Night light data on the Tibetan Plateau (2000, 2005, 2010)

    Night light data on the Tibetan Plateau (2000, 2005, 2010)

    The data include the night light data of Tibetan Plateau with a spatial resolution of 1km*1km, a temporal resolution of 5 years and a time coverage of 2000, 2005 and 2010.The data came from Version 4 dmsp-ols products. DMSP/OLS sensors took a unique approach to collect radiation signals generated by night lights and firelight.DMSP/OLS sensors, working at night, can detect low-intensity lights emitted by urban lights, even small-scale residential areas and traffic flows, and distinguish them from dark rural backgrounds.Therefore, DMSP/OLS nighttime light images can be used as a representation of human activities and become a good data source for human activity monitoring and research.

    2021-04-09 1214 27

  • Temporal and spatial matching pattern data and maps of water and soil resources on Tibetan Plateau (resolution 1km) (2008-2015)

    Temporal and spatial matching pattern data and maps of water and soil resources on Tibetan Plateau (resolution 1km) (2008-2015)

    The Tibetan Plateau in China covers six provinces including Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Gansu and Sichuan, including Tibet and Qinghai, as well as parts of Xinjiang, Yunnan, Gansu and Sichuan. The research on water and soil resources matching aims to reveal the equilibrium and abundance of water resources and land resources in a certain regional scale. The higher the level of consistency between regional water resources and the allocation of cultivated land resources, the higher the matching degree, and the superior the basic conditions of agricultural production. The general agricultural water resource measurement method based on the unit area of cultivated land is used to reflect the quantitative relationship between the water supply of agricultural production in the study area and the spatial suitability of cultivated land resources. The Excel file of the data set contains the generalized agricultural soil and water resource matching coefficient data of the Tibetan Plateau municipal administrative region in China from 2008 to 2015, the vector data is the boundary data of the Tibetan Plateau municipal administrative region in China in 2004, and the raster data pixel value is the generalized agricultural soil and water resource matching coefficient of the year in the region.

    2021-04-09 1685 40

  • The ASTER_GDEM dataset of the Tibetan Plateau (2011)

    The ASTER_GDEM dataset of the Tibetan Plateau (2011)

    The ASTER Global Digital Elevation Model (ASTER GDEM) is a global digital elevation data product jointly released by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of America (NASA) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan (METI). The DEM data were based on the observation results of NASA’s new generation of Earth observation satellite, TERRA, and generated from 1.3 million stereo image pairs collected by ASTER (Advanced Space borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radio meter) sensors, covering more than 99% of the land surface of the Earth. These data were downloaded from the ASTER GDEM data distribution website. For the convenience of using the data, based on framing the ASTER GDEM data, we used Erdas software to splice and prepare the ASTER GDEM mosaic of the Tibetan Plateau. This data set contains three data files: ASTER_GDEM_TILES ASTERGDEM_MOSAIC_DEM ASTERGDEM_MOSAIC_NUM The ASTER GDEM data of the Tibetan Plateau have an accuracy of 30 meters, the raw data are in tif format, and the mosaic data are stored in the img format. The raw data of this data set were downloaded from the ASTERGDEM website and completely retained the original appearance of the data. ASTER GDEM was divided into several 1×1 degree data blocks during distribution. The distribution format was the zip compression format, and each compressed package included two files. The file naming format is as follows: ASTGTM_NxxEyyy_dem.tif ASTGTM_NxxEyyy_num.tif xx is the starting latitude, and yyy is the starting longitude. _dem.tif is the dem data file, and _num.tif is the data quality file. ASTER GDEM TILES: The original, unprocessed raw data are retained. ASTERGDEM_MOSAIC_DEM: Inlay the dem.tif data using Erdas software, and parameter settings use default values. ASRERGDEM_MOSAIC_NUM: Inlay the num.tif data using Erdas software, and parameter settings use default values. The original raw data are retained, and the accuracy is consistent with that of the ASTERGDEM data distribution website. The horizontal accuracy of the data is 30 meters, and the elevation accuracy is 20 meters. The mosaic data are made by Erdas, and the parameter settings use the default values.

    2021-04-09 3226 168

  • Land use of the Tibet Plateau in 2015 (Version 1.0)

    Land use of the Tibet Plateau in 2015 (Version 1.0)

    Based on 2015 ESA global land cover data (ESA GlobCover), combined with the Tsinghua university global land cover data (FROM GLC)、NASA MODIS global land cover data (MCD12Q1)、University of Maryland global land data (UMD)、USGS global land data (IGBP DISCover),we build the LUC classification system in the Tibet Plateau and the rest of the data transformation rules of the classification system. We also build the land cover classification confidence function and the rules of fusing land classification to finish the Integration and modification of land cover products and finally complet the land use data in the Tibet Plateau V1.0.

    2021-04-09 6179 394