Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Brief Introduction: Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Number of Datasets: 660

  • A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau (1340-2007)

    A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau (1340-2007)

    This dataset is provided by the author of the paper: Huang, R., Zhu, H.F., Liang, E.Y., Liu, B., Shi, J.F., Zhang, R.B., Yuan, Y.J., & Grießinger, J. (2019). A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau since 1340 CE. Climate Dynamics, 53(5-6), 3221-3233. In this paper, in order to understand the past few hundred years of winter temperature change history and its driving factors, the researcher of Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences and CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences. Prof. Eryuan Liang and his research team, reconstructed the minimum winter (November – February) temperature since 1340 A.D. on southeastern Tibetan Plateau based on the tree-ring samples taken from 2007-2016. The dataset contains minimum winter temperature reconstruction data of Changdu on the southeastern TP during 1340-2007. The data contains fileds as follows: year Tmin.recon (℃) See attachments for data details: A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeasternTibetan Plateau since 1340 CE.pdf

    2020-06-19 1403 24 View Details

  • Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3,600 BP

    Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3,600 BP

    This dataset is collected from the Supplementary Materials part of the paper "Chen, F.H., Dong, G.H., Zhang, D.J., Liu, X.Y., Jia, X., An, C.B., Ma, M.M., Xie, Y.W., Barton, L., Ren, X.Y., Zhao, Z.J., & Wu, X.H. (2015). Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 BP. Science, 347, 248–250.". In this paper, researchers analyzed animal bones, plant remains and other artefacts from 53 sites across the northeastern Tibetan plateau and found that humans began to relocate to the elevations above 4000 masl after the emergence of Barley. According to the study, the prehistoric human expansion into the higher, colder altitudes of the Tibetan plateau took place as the continental temperatures had themselves become colder after 3,600 calendar years before the present, thus, the key impetus of the expansion was agricultural innovation rather than climate change. This dataset contains 4 tables, table names and content are as follows: Data list: The data name list of the rest tables; t1: Calibrated radiocarbon dates and domesticated plant and animal remains from sites investigated on the NETP; t2: Radiocarbon dates of the Paleolithic sites on the Tibetan Plateau; t3: OSL dates of the Paleolithic sites on the Tibetan Plateau. See attachments for data details: Supplementary Materials.pdf, Agriculture Facilitated Permanent Human Occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3,600 BP.pdf.

    2020-06-19 1652 17 View Details

  • MODIS multi-spectral remote sensing images dataset of 15 key node regions of Pan third pole (2000-2016)

    MODIS multi-spectral remote sensing images dataset of 15 key node regions of Pan third pole (2000-2016)

    The MODIS Terra MOD09A1 Version 6 product provides an estimate of the surface spectral reflectance of Terra MODIS Bands 1 through 7 corrected for atmospheric conditions such as gasses, aerosols, and Rayleigh scattering. Along with the seven 500 m reflectance bands is a quality layer and four observation bands. For each pixel, a value is selected from all the acquisitions within the 8-day composite period. The criteria for the pixel choice include cloud and solar zenith. When several acquisitions meet the criteria the pixel with the minimum channel 3 (blue) value is used.Based on MCD12Q1 data from 2001 to 2016, MatLab was used to tailor the masks of 18 key nodes in Southeast Asia and middle East. Finally. This dataset is based on the data of MOD09A1 V6 synthesized in 8 days from 2001 to 2016 downloaded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The spatial resolution is 500 meters, and MatLab is used to mask cut the data in the research area, and Finally, the land cover data of 18 key nodes from 2001 to 2016 were obtained.. The 18 key regions covered by the data mainly include: Bangkok, Port of Myanmar, Chittagong, Colombo, Dhaka, Gwadar, Hambantot, Huangjing and Malacca, Kwantan, Maldives, Mandalay, Sihanouk, Vientiane, Yangon, etc.).

    2020-06-18 193 0 View Details

  • The precipitation dataset of the Third Pole region (1951-2010)

    The precipitation dataset of the Third Pole region (1951-2010)

    The precipitation dataset of the Third Pole region mainly contains two EXCEL files: (1) Daily precipitation data in China in the Third Pole region, named as China_daily.xlsx. The precipitation data in China were obtained from the China Meteorological Administration-National Meteorological Information Center (http://data.cma.gov.cn/site/index.html). (2) Daily precipitation data in other countries in the Third Pole region, named as Foreign_daily.xlsx. The precipitation data in other countries were obtained from NCDC International Climatic Data Center - NOAA Satellite Information Service Center (http://www7.ncdc.noaa.gov/CDO/country), Pakistan Meteorological Administration, Nepal Meteorological Administration, etc. There are seven variables in these two EXCEL data files: precipitation, corrected precipitation, correction factor, wind-induced loss, evaporation loss, wet loss, and trace precipitation. The detail characteristics of TPE stations were described in an EXCEL file either, named as "TPE station and gauge type.xls". The raw data has been strictly quality controlled by the relevant meteorological departments and has been applied in relevant academic papers.

    2020-06-17 1259 82 View Details

  • Long-term glacier melt fluctuations of Qiangyong Glacier on the Tibetan Plateau over the past 2500 yr

    Long-term glacier melt fluctuations of Qiangyong Glacier on the Tibetan Plateau over the past 2500 yr

    The source of the data is paper: Zhang, J.F., Xu, B.Q., Turner, F., Zhou, L.P., Gao, P., Lü, X.M., & Nesje, A. (2017). Long-term glacier melt fluctuations over the past 2500 yr in monsoonal high asia revealed by radiocarbon-dated lacustrine pollen concentrates. Geology, 45(4), 359-362. In this paper, the researcher of Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences and CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Baiqing Xu, with his postdoctoral fellow, Jifeng Zhang, and collaborators from Peking University and other institutions, propose that the OPE (“old pollen effect”, the offset between the calibrated 14C ages of pollen in lake sediments and the sediment depositional age) as a new indicator of glacier melt intensity and fluctuations by measuring the radiocarbon ages of the sediments of the proglacial lake of Qiangyong Glacier on the southern Tibetan Plateau with multi-methods (bulk organic matter, pollen concentrates and plant residues). This research suggests that hemispheric-scale temperature variations and mid-latitude Westerlies may be the main controllers of the late Holocene glacier variability in monsoonal High Asia. It also shows that the 20th-century glacier melt intensity exceeded that of two historical warm epochs (the Medieval Warm Period, and the Iron/Roman Age Optimum) and is unprecedented at least for the past 2.5 k.y. This data is provided by the author of the paper, it contains long-term glacier melt fluctuations of Qiangyong Glacier over the past 2500 yr reconstructed by the OPE. A 3.06-m-long core (QYL09-4) and a 1.06-m-long parallel gravity core (QY-3) were retrieved by the researchers from the depositional center of Qiangyong Co. Using a new composite extraction procedure, they obtained relatively pure pollen concentrates and plant residue concentrates (PRC; >125 μm) from the finely laminated sediments. Bulk organic matter and the PRC and pollen fractions were used for 14C dating independently. All 14C ages were calibrated with IntCal13 (Reimer et al., 2013). The age-depth model is based on 210Pb and 137Cs ages and five 14C ages of PRC. Only the youngest PRC ages were used for the age-depth model, whereas older ages that produce a stratigraphic reversal and are apparently influenced by redeposited or aquatic plant material were rejected. The deposition model was constructed using the P_Sequence algorithm in Oxcal 4.2 (Bronk Ramsey, 2008). For the calculation of the offset between the calibrated pollen 14C ages and the sediment depositional age, 2σ intervals for interpolated ages according to the deposition model were subtracted from calibrated pollen ages (2σ span), resulting in the age offset between pollen and estimated sediment ages (ΔAgepollen). This data is radiocarbon ages and the calculated ΔAgepollen of core QYL09-4 from a proglacial lake of Qiangyong Glacier. The data contains fields as follows: Lab No. Dating Material Depth (cm) 14C age (yr BP) ∆Agepollen (≥95.4 % yrs) Sediment Age (CE) See attachments for data details: ZhangJF et al. 2017 GEOLOGY_Long-term glacier melt fluctuations over the past 2500 yr on the Tibetan Plateau.pdf.

    2020-06-16 679 9 View Details

  • Dataset of high-resolution (3 hour, 10 km) global surface solar radiation (1983-2017)

    Dataset of high-resolution (3 hour, 10 km) global surface solar radiation (1983-2017)

    The dataset is a 34-year (1983.7-2017.6) high-resolution (3 h, 10 km) global SSR (surface solar radiation) dataset, which can be used for hydrological modeling, land surface modeling and engineering application. The dataset was produced based on ISCCP-HXG cloud products, ERA5 reanalysis data, and MODIS aerosol and albedo products with an improved physical parameterization scheme. Validation and comparisons with other global satellite radiation products indicate that our SSR estimates were generally better than those of the ISCCP flux dataset (ISCCP-FD), the global energy and water cycle experiment surface radiation budget (GEWEX-SRB), and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES). This SSR dataset will contribute to the land-surface process simulations and the photovoltaic applications in the future. The unit is W/㎡, instantaneous value.

    2020-06-16 12118 607 View Details

  • The data set is NDVI data of long time series acquired by NOAA's Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensor. The time range of the data set is from 1982 to 2015. In order to remove the noise in NDVI data, maximum synthesis and multi-sensor contrast correction are carried out. A NDVI image is synthesized every half month. The data set is widely used in the analysis of long-term vegetation change trend. The data set is cut out from the global data set, so as to carry out the research and analysis of the source areas of the three rivers separately. The data format of this data set is GeoTIFF with spatial resolution of 8 km and temporal resolution of 2 weeks, ranging from 1982 to 2015. Data transfer coefficient is 10000, NDVI = ND/10000.

    2020-06-15 1767 36 View Details

  • Landsat-based continuous monthly 30m×30m land surface LAI dataset in Qilian mountain area (1986-2017)

    Landsat-based continuous monthly 30m×30m land surface LAI dataset in Qilian mountain area (1986-2017)

    This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m*30m surface LAI products in Qilian mountain area in 1986, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2017. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly LAI products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 5, Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels. The data are synthesized monthly through Google Earth Engine cloud platform, and the missing pixels are interpolated by calculating the index of the model. The quality of the data is good, and it can be used in environmental change monitoring and other fields.

    2020-06-15 864 34 View Details

  • Landsat-based continuous monthly 30m×30m land surface LAI dataset in Qilian mountain area (2018)

    Landsat-based continuous monthly 30m×30m land surface LAI dataset in Qilian mountain area (2018)

    This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m*30m surface LAI (Leaf Area Index) products in Qilian mountain area in 2018. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly LAI products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels. The data are synthesized monthly through Google Earth Engine cloud platform, and the missing pixels are interpolated by calculating the index of the model. The quality of the data is good, and it can be used in environmental change monitoring and other fields.

    2020-06-15 634 28 View Details

  • Daily value dataset of 10m meteorological tower at Laohugou Glacier No.12 in the Qilian Mountains of China(V1.0) (2014-2018)

    Daily value dataset of 10m meteorological tower at Laohugou Glacier No.12 in the Qilian Mountains of China(V1.0) (2014-2018)

    This data is the log data set of the meteorological tower in 2014-2018 in Laohugou base camp of Qilian Mountains. "The 10 meter meteorological tower of Laohugou 12 glacier is located in the base camp, with an altitude of 4200 meters. Its observation elements include temperature, precipitation, wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity, air pressure, downward radiation, upward radiation, downward long wave radiation and upward long wave radiation, with a resolution of daily value. The meteorological instrument passes through China's meteorology After calibration and commissioning one belt, one road is connected with the CR1000 (Campbell), the -55 (CR1000) data collector. The data quality is complete. The data of many articles are all derived from this data. The Hexi Corridor nurtured by glacier water and melting glacier in Qilian Mountains is an important channel for the national strategic "one belt and one road". The study of its changes has great influence on Gansu, the whole country and the whole country. Therefore, this data has great research value and application value. "

    2020-06-11 898 6 View Details

  • Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 5 m resolution in 11 watersheds of Tibet (2018)

    Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 5 m resolution in 11 watersheds of Tibet (2018)

    1) The data includes the soil erosion modulus of 11 watersheds with a resolution of 5 m in the year of 2017 in Tibet. 2)Based on the surface layer of rainfall erosivity R, soil erodibility K, slope length factor LS, vegetation coverage FVC, and rotation sampling survey unit, the Chinese soil erosion model (CSLE) was used to calculate soil erosin modulus in 11 watersheds respectively. Through spatial data processing (including chart linking and transformation, vector-grid conversion, and resampling), R, K, LS factors were calculated from the regional thematic map of rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, and DEM. By half-month FVC, NPV, half-month rainfall erosivity data, we calculated the value of B factors in each sampling watershed. The value of E factor was calculated based on the remote sensing interpretation results and engineering measure factor table. The value of tillage factor T was obtained from tillage zoning map and tillage measure table. And then the soil erosion modulus in each sampling watershed was calculated by the equation: A=R•K•LS•B•E•T. The selection of 11 watersheds was based on the layout of sampling survey in pan-third polar region. 3) Compared with the data of soil erosion intensity in the same region in the same year, there is no significant difference and the data quality is good.4) the data of soil erosion modulus is of great significance for studying the present situation of soil erosion in Pan third polar region, and it is also crucial for the implementation of the development policy of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

    2020-06-11 608 4 View Details

  • Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 5 m resolution in 18 watersheds of Thailand (2018)

    Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 5 m resolution in 18 watersheds of Thailand (2018)

    1) The data includes the soil erosion modulus of 18 watersheds with a resolution of 5 m in the year of 2017 in Thailand. 2) Based on the surface layer of rainfall erosivity R, soil erodibility K, slope length factor LS, vegetation coverage FVC, and rotation sampling survey unit, the Chinese soil erosion model (CSLE) was used to calculate soil erosin modulus in 18 watersheds of Thailand respectively. Through spatial data processing (including chart linking and transformation, vector-grid conversion, and resampling), R, K, LS factors were calculated from the regional thematic map of rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, and DEM. By half-month FVC, NPV, half-month rainfall erosivity data, we calculated the value of B factors in each sampling watershed. The value of E factor was calculated based on the remote sensing interpretation result and engineering measure factor table. The value of tillage factor T was obtained from tillage zoning map and tillage measure table. And then the soil erosion modulus in each sampling watershed was calculated by the equation: A=R•K•LS•B•E•T. The selection of 18 watersheds was based on the layout of sampling survey in pan-third polar region. 3) Compared with the data of soil erosion intensity in the same region in the same year, there is no significant difference and the data quality is good.4) the data of soil erosion intensity is of great significance for studying the present situation of soil erosion in Pan third polar region and better implementation of the development policy of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

    2020-06-11 578 1 View Details

  • 1-km gridded datasets for gross domestic product of five key nodes  along One Belt One Road (2015)

    1-km gridded datasets for gross domestic product of five key nodes along One Belt One Road (2015)

    Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a period of time, which has been used to determine the economic performance of a whole country or region. We have collected the published GDP data, then obtained the 1-km gridded datasets for GDP of 2015 in five key nodes over Bengal and Myanmar, including Dacca, Chittagong, Kyaukpyu, Rangoon and Mandalay. To solve the problem of missing data existing in the current datasets, we will apply kriging and function interpolation methods to fill gaps. We will also develop the multi-source data fusion method based on geostatistics to achieve the GDP predictions of time continuously and high spatial resolution.

    2020-06-11 529 1 View Details

  • Gridded population with 1km spaital resolution of the 34 key areas along One Belt One Road (GPWV4.0) (2015)

    Gridded population with 1km spaital resolution of the 34 key areas along One Belt One Road (GPWV4.0) (2015)

    Gridded population with 1km spaital resolution of the 34 key areas along One Belt One Road in 2015, which indicates that the population count per pixel (i.e., grid). This data is derived from socioeconomic data and applications center of Columbia University, USA. The prejection transform and extraction processes were done to generate the gridded population with 1km spaital resolution of the 34 key areas along One Belt One Road in 2015. The original gridded popution is spatially downscaled from census data by the area weighted method for each administrative unit. Accurate population data at grid level are fundamental for a broad range of applications by governments, nongovernmental organizations, and companies, including the urban planing, election, risk estimation, disaster rescue, disease control, and poverty reduction.

    2020-06-11 454 1 View Details

  • The productivity data of land resources for the Belt and Road

    The productivity data of land resources for the Belt and Road

    The data of Land Resources Productivity for “B&R” includes: 1. Areas of cultivated land resources in regions and countries along the “B&R”; 2. Data on grain planting area and total grain output in regions and countries along the “B&R”; 3. Major crops (rice, wheat, corn) in regions and countries along the route Planting area and production data; 4. Areas of grassland resources in the region and along the country; 5. Number of livestock (bovine, sheep) in the region and along the country. Source: Cultivated land and population data from the World Bank database; food, crop, grassland, and livestock data are from FAO. Data application: According to the data provided, the basic characteristics analysis of land resources and the analysis of land resource output can be carried out in the Belt and Road region and the countries along the route, so that the land resource productivity evaluation analysis can be carried out.

    2020-06-11 536 6 View Details

  • Land cover of core countries of the Belt and Road in 2015 (Version 1.0)

    Land cover of core countries of the Belt and Road in 2015 (Version 1.0)

    Based on 2015 ESA global land cover data (ESA GlobCover, 300 m grid), combined with the tsinghua university global land cover data (FROM GLC, 30 m grid)、NASA MODIS global land cover data (MCD12Q1, 300 m grid)、the United States Geological Survey (USGS global land data (GFSAD30, 30 m)、Japanese global forest data (PALSAR/PALSAR - 2, 25 m),we build the LUC classification system in the Belt and Road’s region and the rest of the data transformation rules of the classification system.We also build the land cover classification confidence function and the rules of fusing land classification to finish the Integration and modification of land cover products and finally complet the land use data in the Belt and Road’s region V1.0(64 + 1 countries, 2015, 1 km x 1 km grid, the first level classification).

    2020-06-11 1678 59 View Details

  • Spectral characteristics of sample plots in typical countries along the belt (2015)

    Spectral characteristics of sample plots in typical countries along the belt (2015)

    Using the Landsat8 OLI images at the summerof 2015, the spectral characteristics of satellite sensors were extracted in the Belt and Road's region. The bands included the band (0.45 - 0.51μm)、band (0.53 - 0.59μm)、band (0.64 - 0.67μm)、band (0.85 - 0.88μm)、band (1.57 - 1.65μm)、band (2.11 - 2.29 μm)、band (10.60 - 11.19 μm)和band (11.50 - 12.51 μm). And the Land cover data of the Belt and Road's region (Version 1.0) (2015) was used to extract the land cover/use at each location. Data includes the format of excel and shp. The data of shp format includes the spatial distribuition and the spectral characteristics of each sampling point.

    2020-06-11 626 0 View Details

  • The combined 1000 yr temperature reconstruction records derived from a stalagmite and tree rings (1000 A.D.-2000 A.D.)

    The combined 1000 yr temperature reconstruction records derived from a stalagmite and tree rings (1000 A.D.-2000 A.D.)

    The application of general circulation models (GCMs) can improve our understanding of climate forcing. In addition, longer climate records and a wider range of climate states can help assess the ability of the models to simulate climate differences from the present. First, we try to find a substitute index that combines the effects of temperature in different seasons and then combine it with the Beijing stalagmite layer sequence and the Qilian tree-ring sequence to carry out a large-scale temperature reconstruction of China over the past millennium. We then compare the results with the simulated temperature record based on a GCM and ECH-G for the past millennium. Based on the 31-year average, the correlation coefficient between the simulated and reconstructed temperature records was 0.61 (with P < 0.01). The asymmetric V-type low-frequency variation revealed by the combination of the substitute index and the simulation series is the main long-term model of China's millennium-scale temperature. Therefore, solar irradiance and greenhouse gases can account for most of the low-frequency variation. To preserve low-frequency information, conservative detrended methods were used to eliminate age-related growth trends in the experiment. Each tree-ring series has a negative exponential curve installed while retaining all changes. The four fields of the combined 1000-yr (1000 AD-2000 AD) reconstructed temperature records derived from stalagmite and tree-ring archives (excel table) are as follows: 1) Year 2) Annual average temperature reconstruction 3) Reconstructed temperature deviation 4) Simulated temperature deviation

    2020-06-09 10263 13 View Details

  • Inventory dataset of glacial lakes in the Sikkim Region, India (2000)

    Inventory dataset of glacial lakes in the Sikkim Region, India (2000)

    This glacial lake inventory receives joint support from International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and United Nations Environment Programme/Regional Resource Centre, Asia and the Pacific (UNEP/RRC-AP). 1. This glacial lake inventory referred to Landsat 4/5 (MSS, TM/1984/1999), Landsat 7 (TM & ETM+), IRS-1C, LISS-III (1995 IRS-1C), (1997 IRS-1D) and other remote sensing data. It reflects the current situation of glacial lakes with areas larger than 0.01 km2 in 2000. 2. Glacial Lake Inventory Coverage: Tista Basin, Sikkim Region 3. Glacial Lake Inventory includes: glacial lake inventory, glacial lake type, glacial lake orientation, glacial lake width, glacial lake area, glacial lake depth, glacial lake length and other attributes. 4. Projection parameter: Projection: Lambert conformal conic Ellipsoid: Everest (India 1956) Datum: India (India, Sikkim) False easting: 2743196.40 False northing: 914398.80 Central meridian: 90°00’00” E Central parallel: 26°00’00” N Scale factor: 0.998786 Standard parallel 1: 23°09’28.17” N Standard parallel 2: 28°49’8.18” N Minimum X Value: 2545172 Maximum X Value: 2645240 Minimum Y Value: 1026436 Maximum Y Value: 1163523 For a detailed data description, please refer to the data file and report.

    2020-06-09 5052 11 View Details

  • Inventory of glacial lakes in Pakistan (2003-2004)

    Inventory of glacial lakes in Pakistan (2003-2004)

    This glacial lake inventory is supported by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and the United Nations Environment Programme/Regional Resource Centre, Asia and The Pacific (UNEP/RRC-AP). 1. The glacial lake inventory adopts the Landsat remote sensing data and reflects the status of glacial lakes in the Pakistan region from 2003 to 2004. 2. In terms of spatial coverage, the glacial lake inventory covers the Swat, Chitral, Gilgit, Hunza, Shigar, Shyok, Upper, Indus, Shingo, Astor and Jhelum river basins in the upper reaches of the Indus River. 3. The glacial lake inventory data include the glacial lake code, glacial lake type, glacial lake area, distance between the glacier and the glacial lake, glaciers related to the glacial lake, etc. For detailed descriptions of the data, please refer to the data file and report.

    2020-06-09 8706 29 View Details