Soil Moisture Estimation Using Cosmic-Ray Soil Moisture Sensing at Heterogeneous Farmland
The Cosmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing System is a promising soil moisture measurement network. It can measure soil moisture at an intermediate spatial scale with a single sensor. In this letter, the measured cosmic-ray neutron counts during the Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research were used to evaluate the capabilities of the cosmic-ray probe in soil moisture retrieval at a heterogeneous farmland. The Cosmic-ray Soil Moisture Interaction Code model was utilized to model the interaction between the measured neutron counts and the soil water content. Soil moisture at the footprint scale of the cosmic-ray probe obtained using a wireless sensor network (SoilNET) was used as the calibration and validation data. The results show that the cosmic-ray probe is capable of monitoring the hourly heterogeneous soil moisture dynamics at the intermediate spatial scale in a noninvasive way. Moreover, the informative measurement depth of the cosmic-ray probe can also be derived and is consistent with the soil moisture results.
Han XJ, Jin R, Li X, Wang SG, Soil Moisture Estimation Using Cosmic-Ray Soil Moisture Sensing at Heterogeneous Farmland. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2014, 11(9): 1659-1663