本数据地址:76c2ba57-194a-479a-a4fa-667763f862cc
黑河生态水文遥感试验:水文气象观测网数据集(大满超级站气象要素梯度观测系统-2015)
英文标题:HiWATER:Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Daman Superstation, 2015)
  1. 摘要

    该数据集包含了2015年1月1日至2015年12月31日黑河水文气象观测网中游大满超级站气象要素梯度观测系统数据。站点位于甘肃省张掖市大满灌区农田内,下垫面是玉米田。观测点的经纬度是100.3722E, 38.8555N,海拔1556m。风速/风向、空气温度、相对湿度传感器分别架设在3m、5m、10m、15m、20m、30m、40m处,共7层,朝向正北;气压计安装在2m处;翻斗式雨量计安装在塔西侧约8m处,架高2.5m;四分量辐射仪安装在12m处,朝向正南;两个红外温度计安装在12m处,朝向正南,探头朝向是垂直向下;土壤热流板(自校正式)(3块)依次埋设在地下6cm处,朝向正南距离塔体2m处,其中两块(Gs_2、Gs_3)埋设在棵间,一块(Gs_1)埋设在植株下面;平均土壤温度传感器TCAV埋设在地下2cm、4cm处,朝向正南,距离塔体2m处;土壤温度探头埋设在地表0cm和地下2cm、4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm和160cm处,在距离气象塔2m的正南方;土壤水分传感器分别埋设在地下2cm、4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm和160cm处,在距离气象塔2m的正南方;光合有效辐射仪安装在12m处,探头朝向是垂直向上;另有四个光合有效辐射仪分别架设在冠层上方和冠层内,冠层上方安装在12m(探头垂直向上和向下方向各一个)、冠层内安装在0.3m(探头垂直向上和向下方向各一个)高处,朝向正南。

    观测项目有:风速(WS_3m、WS_5m、WS_10m、WS_15m、WS_20m、WS_30m、WS_40m)(单位:米/秒)、风向(WD_3m、WD_5m、WD_10m、WD_15m、WD_20m、WD_30m、WD_40m)(单位:度)、空气温湿度(Ta_3m、Ta_5m、Ta_10m、Ta_15m、Ta_20m、Ta_30m、Ta_40m和RH_3m、RH_5m、RH_10m、RH_15m、RH_20m、RH_30m、RH_40m)(单位:摄氏度、百分比)、气压(Press)(单位:百帕)、降水量(Rain)(单位:毫米)、四分量辐射(DR、UR、DLR_Cor、ULR_Cor、Rn)(单位:瓦/平方米)、地表辐射温度(IRT_1、IRT_2)(单位:摄氏度)、平均土壤温度(TCAV)(单位:摄氏度)、土壤热通量(Gs_1、Gs_2、Gs_3)(单位:瓦/平方米)、土壤水分(Ms_2cm、Ms_4cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_160cm)(单位:百分比)、土壤温度(Ts_0cm、Ts_2cm、Ts_4cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_160cm)(单位:摄氏度) 、光合有效辐射(PAR)(单位:微摩尔/平方米秒)、冠层上向上与向下光合有效辐射(PAR_U_up、PAR_U_down)(单位:微摩尔/平方米秒)和冠层下向上与向下光合有效辐射(PAR_D_up、PAR_D_down)(单位:微摩尔/平方米秒)。

    观测数据的处理与质量控制:(1)确保每天144个数据(每10min),若出现数据的缺失,则由-6999标示;3m和5m风速和风向在2015.11.16-11.25间由于传感器的问题,数据缺失;(2)剔除有重复记录的时刻;(3)删除了明显超出物理意义或超出仪器量程的数据;(4)数据中以红字标示的部分为有疑问的数据;(5)日期和时间的格式统一,并且日期、时间在同一列。如,时间为:2015-6-10 10:30;(6)命名规则为:AWS+站点名称。

    水文气象网或站点信息请参考Li et al. (2013),观测数据处理请参考Liu et al. (2011)。

  2. 关键词

  3. 数据细节

    1. 比例尺:0
    2. 投影:+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs
    3. 数据大小:22.0MB
    4. 数据格式:文本
  4. 地理范围

    -北:38.8555-
    西:100.3722-东:100.3722
    -南:38.8555-
  5. 时间范围

    1. 开始时间:2015-01-01T00:00:00
    2. 结束时间:2015-12-31T00:00:00
    1. 本数据的引用

      1. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Wang WZ, Bai J, Jia Z, Zhu M, Wang JM. A comparison of eddy-covariance and large aperture scintillometer measurements with respect to the energy balance closure problem. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2011, 15(4): 1291-1306. doi:10.5194/hess-15-1291-2011.
      2. Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1.
    2. 建议参考文献

      1. Li X, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Wang WZ, Hu XL, Xu ZW, Wen JG, Wang LX. A multiscale dataset for understanding complex eco-hydrological processes in a heterogeneous oasis system. Scientific Data, 2017, 4: 170083. doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.83.
      2. Xu ZW, Ma YF, Liu SM, Shi SJ, Wang JM. Assessment of the energy balance closure under advective conditions and its impact using remote sensing data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 2017, 56: 127-140, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0096.1.
      3. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Song LS, Zhao QY, Ge Y, Xu TR, Ma YF, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhang F. Upscaling evapotranspiration measurements from multi-site to the satellite pixel scale over heterogeneous land surfaces. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, 230-231, 97-113. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.04.008.
      4. Song LS, Liu SM, Kustas W P, Zhou J, Xu ZW, Xia T, Li MS. Application of remote sensing-based two-source energy balance model for mapping field surface fluxes with composite and component surface temperatures. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.01.005.
      5. Song LS , Kustas WP, Liu SM, Colaizzi PD, Nieto H, Xu ZW, Ma YF, Li MS, Xu TR, Agam N, Tolk JA, Evett SR. Applications of a thermal-based two-source energy balance model using Priestley-Taylor approach for surface temperature partitioning under advective conditions. Journal of Hydrology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.06.034.
      6. Zhang Q, Sun R, Jiang GQ, Xu ZW, Liu SM. Carbon and energy flux from a Phragmites australis wetland in Zhangye oasis-desert area, China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.02.019.
      7. Xu TR, Bateni S.M., Liang SL. Estimating turbulent heat fluxes with a weak-constraint data assimilation scheme: A case study (HiWATER-MUSOEXE). IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (1), 68-72.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2326180
      8. Wang JM, Zhuang JX, Wang WZ, Liu SM, Xu ZW. Assessment of uncertainties in eddy covariance flux measurement based on intensive flux matrix of HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 259-263. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2334703
      9. Song LS, Liu SM, Zhang X, Zhou J, Li MS. Estimating and Validating Soil Evaporation and Crop Transpiration During the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 334-338. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2339360
      10. Qiao C, Sun R, Xu ZW, Zhang L, Liu LY, Hao LY, Jiang GQ. A study of shelterbelt transpiration and cropland evapotranspiration in an irrigated area in the middle reaches of the Heihe River in northwestern China. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing   Letters, 2015, 12(2), 369-373. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2342219
      11. Zhu ZL, Tan L, Gao SG, Jiao QS. Oberservation on soil moisture of irrigated cropland by cosmic-ray probe. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 472-476.
      12. Ge Y, Liang YZ, Wang JH, Zhao QY, Liu SM. Upscaling sensible heat fluxes with area-to-area regression kriging.  IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 656-660.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2355871
      13. Ma YF, Liu SM, Zhang F, Zhou J, Jia ZZ. Estimations of regional surface energy fluxes over heterogeneous oasis-desert surfaces in the middle reaches of the Heihe River during HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 671-675. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2356652
      14. Bai, J., Jia, L., Liu, S., Xu, Z., Hu, G., Zhu, M., Song, L.. Characterizing the Footprint of Eddy Covariance System and Large Aperture Scintillometer Measurements to Validate Satellite-Based Surface Fluxes. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(5), 943-947. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2368580
      15. Xu TR, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Liang SL, Xu L. A dual-pass data assimilation scheme for estimating surface fluxes with FY3A-VIRR land surface temperature. Sci. China Earth Sci., 2015, 58(2), 211-230, doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-4964-7.
      16. Xu T, Liu S, Xu L, Chen Y, Jia Z, Xu Z, Nielson J. Temporal Upscaling and Reconstruction of Thermal Remotely Sensed Instantaneous Evapotranspiration. Remote Sensing. 2015, 7(3):3400-3425. doi:10.3390/rs70303400
      17. Zhang L, Sun R, Xu ZW, Qiao C, Jiang GQ. Diurnal and Seasonal Variations in Carbon Dioxide Exchange in Ecosystems in the Zhangye Oasis Area, Northwest China. PLoS ONE, 2015, 10(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120660
      18. Song LS, Liu SM, William Kustas P, Zhou J, Ma YF. Using the Surface Temperature-Albedo Space to Separate Regional Soil and Vegetation Temperatures from ASTER Data. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7(5):5828-5848. doi:10.3390/rs70505828
      19. Hu MG, Wang JH, Ge Y, Liu MX, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Xu TR. Scaling Flux Tower Observations of Sensible Heat Flux Using Weighted Area-to-Area Regression Kriging, Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1032-1044.
      20. Zhou J, Li MS, Liu SM, Jia ZZ, Ma YF. Validation and performance evaluations of methods for estimating land surface temperatures from ASTER data in the middle reach of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7, 7126-7156.
      21. Gao SG, Zhu ZL, Liu SM, Jin R, Yang GC, Tan L. Estimating spatial distribution of soil moisture based on Bayesian maximum entropy method with auxiliary data from remote sensing. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2014, 32, 54-66. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2014.03.003
      22. Li Y, Sun R, Liu SM. Vegetation Physiological Parameters Setting in the Simple Biosphere Model 2 (SiB2) for alpine meadows in upper reaches of Heihe River. SCIENCE CHINA, 2014,doi:10.1007/s11430-014-4909-1
      23. Xu ZW, Liu SM, Li X, Shi SJ, Wang JM, Zhu ZL, Xu TR, Wang WZ, Ma MG. Intercomparison of surface energy flux measurement systems used during the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2013,118, 13140-13157, doi:10.1002/2013JD020260.
      24. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhu MJ. Measurements of evapotranspiration from eddy-covariance systems and large aperture scintillometers in the Hai River Basin, China. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 487, 24-38.
    3. 数据DOI

    4. 项目支持信息

      1. 数据使用声明

        1. 本数据由“黑河生态水文遥感试验(HiWATER)”产生,用户在使用数据时请在正文中明确声明数据的来源,并在参考文献部分引用本元数据提供的引用方式。
      2. 相关链接

        1. :ftp://ftp2.westgis.ac.cn
        2. :http://westdc.westgis.ac.cn
      3. 缩略图

      4. thumbnaillarge_thumbnail
      5. 数据调查者

        1. 调查者:
          • 姓名:刘绍民;徐自为
          • 单位:北京师范大学
          • 通讯地址:中国--北京--北京--北京市新街口外大街19号
          • 邮编:100875
        2. 调查者:
          • 姓名:李新;车涛
          • 单位:中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所
          • 通讯地址:中国--甘肃省--兰州--兰州市东岗西路320号
          • 邮编:730000
        3. 调查者:
          • 姓名:施生锦
          • 单位:北京雨根科技有限公司
          • 通讯地址:中国--北京--北京--北京市海淀区丰慧中路7号新材料大厦904室
          • 邮编:100094
      6. 资源提供者

        1. 调查者:
          • 姓名:刘绍民
          • 单位:北京师范大学
          • 通讯地址:中国--北京--北京--北京市新街口外大街19号
          • 邮编:100875
      7. 数据分发者

        1. 分发者:
          • 姓名:黑河计划数据管理中心
          • 单位:中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所
          • 通讯地址:中国--甘肃--兰州--东岗西路320号
          • 邮编:730000
          • 电子邮件:westdc@lzb.ac.cn
          • 电话:0931-4967287
          • 传真: